Ramune (ラムネ) (Japanese pronunciation: [ɾamɯne]) is a Japanese carbonated soft drink. It was introduced in 1884 in Kobe by the British pharmacist Alexander Cameron Sim.[1] Like Banta, an Indian lemon drink, ramune is available in a Codd-neck bottle, a heavy glass bottle whose mouth is sealed by a round marble (instead of a cap) thanks to the pressure of the carbonated contents.[2][3] The name ramune is derived from a Japanese borrowing of the English word lemonade.[4][5]

A lemonade ramune bottle
TypeSoft drink
DistributorNishimoto Trading Co., Ltd., Sangaria U.S.A., Inc.
Country of originJapan
  • Original (lemon-lime)
  • Blueberry
  • Melon
  • Lychee
  • Orange
  • Peach
  • Pineapple
  • Strawberry
  • Matcha
  • Grape
  • Yuzu


In 1884, Sim introduced this carbonated beverage based on lemonade to the Kobe foreign settlement. This drink, sold in the distinctive Codd-neck bottle, soon became very popular with the local Japanese after it was advertised in the Tokyo Mainichi Newspaper as a preventative for cholera. The drink remains a popular soft drink, sold worldwide, under the name of ramune to this day.

Bottle designEdit

The Codd-neck marble lock in the neck of the bottle.

Ramune is known for the distinctive design of its bottle, called Codd-neck bottles after their inventor, Hiram Codd. They are made of glass and sealed with a marble; the codd head is held in place by the pressure of the carbonation in the drink. To open the bottle, a plastic device used to push the marble inward is provided.

The marble is pushed inside the neck of the bottle where it rattles around while drinking. Therefore, the drinks are sometimes called "marble soda" outside Japan. While the Codd-neck bottle was once commonly used for carbonated drinks, today ramune, along with Banta, is one of its very few users.

People trying ramune for the first time sometimes find it difficult to drink, as it takes practice to learn to stop the marble from blocking the flow. In one version of the bottle introduced in 2006, little slots were added to the cap where the marble was originally held. This prevented the flow from obstruction if the marble falls back into the cap. Ramune is also available in plastic PET bottles and cans.

Ramune is one of the modern symbols of summer in Japan and is widely consumed during warm festival days and nights. Empty bottles are usually collected for recycling at stalls where it is sold.


The original ramune flavour is lime-lemon. Including the original, there have been 57 flavours of ramune:[6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "The History of Ramune, Japan's National Soda". Kotaku. Retrieved 2020-05-20.
  2. ^ Anuja & Krish Raghav (2 July 2010). "Pop culture". Mint. Retrieved 2014-08-17.
  3. ^ "Sipped for centuries". The Hindu. 10 June 2011. Retrieved 2014-08-17.
  4. ^ Greve, Gabi (2008-06-18). "Ramune (lemonade)". Washoku. Retrieved 2018-05-17.
  5. ^ "The Origin of Ramune". Japan Info. Retrieved 2018-05-17.
  6. ^ "へんてこな味がいっぱい!?日本一のラムネ会社に潜入" (in Japanese). July 2, 2018. Archived from the original on July 14, 2020. Retrieved March 25, 2021.