Ranks and insignia of NATO air forces officers

Summary

The following table lists the ranks and insignia of officers in NATO air forces.

Officers (OF 1 - 10)

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Albanian Air Force[1][2]
ALB-Airforce-OF-8.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-7.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-6.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-5.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-4.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-3.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-2.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-1b.svg ALB-Airforce-OF-1a.svg
Gjeneral lejtant Gjeneral major Gjeneral brigade Kolonel Nënkolonel Major Kapiten Toger Nëntoger


 Belgian Air Component[3]
BE-Air Force-OF9.svg BE-Air Force-OF8.svg BE-Air Force-OF7.svg BE-Air Force-OF6.svg BE-Air Force-OF5.svg BE-Air Force-OF4.svg BE-Air Force-OF3.svg BE-Air Force-OF2a.svg BE-Air Force-OF2b.svg BE-Air Force-OF1a.svg BE-Air Force-OF1b.svg Belgium Air Component OF(D).png
Generaal Luitenant-generaal Generaal-majoor Brigadegeneraal Kolonel Luitenant-kolonel Majoor Kapitein-commandant Kapitein Luitenant Onderluitenant Aspirant
Général Lieutenant général Général-major Général de Brigade Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Capitaine-commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant Aspirant
General Generalleutnant Generalmajor Brigadegeneral Oberst Oberstleutnant Major Stabshauptmann Hauptmann Leutnant Unterleutnant Aspirant
 Bulgarian Air Force[4]
Rank insignia of Генерал of the Bulgarian Air forces.png Rank insignia of Генерал-лейтенант of the Bulgarian Air forces.png Rank insignia of Генерал-майор of the Bulgarian Air forces.png Rank insignia of Бригаден генерал of the Bulgarian Air forces.png Rank insignia of Полковник of the Bulgarian Air forces.png Rank insignia of Подполковник of the Bulgarian Air forces.png Rank insignia of Майор of the Bulgarian Air forces.png Rank insignia of Капитан of the Bulgarian Air forces.png Rank insignia of Старши лейтенант of the Bulgarian Air forces.png Rank insignia of Лейтенант of the Bulgarian Air forces.png Rank insignia of Офицерски кандидат of the Bulgarian Air forces.png
Генерал
General
Генерал-лейтенант
General-leytenant
Генерал-майор
General-mayor
Бригаден генерал
Brigaden general
Полковник
Polkovnik
Подполковник
Podpolkovnik
Майор
Mayor
Капитан
Kapitan
Старши лейтенант
Starshi leytenant
Лейтенант
Leytenant
Офицерски кандидат
Ofitserski kandidat


 Royal Canadian Air Force[5]
Canada-Air force-OF-9-collected.svg Canada-Air force-OF-8-collected.svg Canada-Air force-OF-7-collected.svg Canada-Air force-OF-6-collected.svg Canadian RCAF OF-5.svg Canadian RCAF OF-4.svg Canadian RCAF OF-3.svg Canadian RCAF OF-2.svg Canadian RCAF OF-1b.svg Canadian RCAF OF-1a.svg Canadian RCAF OF (D).svg
General Lieutenant-general Major-general Brigadier-general Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Captain Lieutenant Second lieutenant Officer cadet
Général Lieutenant-général Major-général Brigadier-général Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Major Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant Élève-officier


 Croatian Air Force[6]
Naramenica službene odore stožernog generala HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore generala zbora HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore generala pukovnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore generala bojnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore brigadnog generala HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore brigadira HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore pukovnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore bojnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore satnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore natporučnika HRZ i PZO.svg Naramenica službene odore poručnika HRZ i PZO.svg
Stožerni general General zbora General pukovnik General bojnik Brigadni general Brigadir Pukovnik Bojnik Satnik Natporučnik Poručnik


 Czech Air Force[7]
Czech-Airforce OF-9.svg Czech-Airforce OF-8.svg Czech-Airforce OF-7.svg Czech-Airforce OF-6.svg Czech-Airforce OF-5.svg Czech-Airforce OF-4.svg Czech-Airforce OF-3.svg Czech-Airforce OF-2.svg Czech-Airforce OF-1b.svg Czech-Airforce OF-1a.svg
Armádní generál Generálporučík Generálmajor Brigádní generál Plukovník Podplukovník Major Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Royal Danish Air Force[8]
RDAF Gen.svg RDAF Lt Gen.svg RDAF Maj Gen.svg RDAF Brig Gen.svg RDAF Col.svg RDAF Lt Col.svg RDAF Maj.svg RDAF Capt.svg RDAF 1st Lt.svg RDAF Fly Off.svg RDAF 2nd Lt.svg Denmark-AirForce-OR-5a.svg
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Brigadegeneral Oberst Oberstløjtnant Major Kaptajn Premierløjtnant Løjtnant Sekondløjtnant Sergent
(Officerselev)


 Estonian Air Force[9]
Estonia-AirForce-OF-9.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-8.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-7.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-6.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-5.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-4.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-3.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-2.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-1a.svg Estonia-AirForce-OF-(D).svg
Kindral Kindralleitnant Kindralmajor Brigaadikindral Kolonel Kolonelleitnant Major Kapten Leitnant Nooremleitnant Lipnik


France French Air and Space Force[10]
French Air Force-général d'armée aérienne.svg French Air Force-général de corps aérien.svg French Air Force-général de division aérienne.svg French Air Force-général de brigade aérienne.svg French Air Force-colonel.svg French Air Force-lieutenant-colonel.svg French Air Force-commandant.svg French Air Force-capitaine.svg French Air Force-lieutenant.svg French Air Force-sous-lieutenant.svg French Air Force-aspirant.svgFrench Air Force-aspirant élève.svg French Air Force-élève officier.svgFrench Air Force-aspirant EOPN.svg
Général d´armée aérienne Général de corps aérien Général de division aérienne Général de brigade aérienne Colonel Lieutenant-colonel Commandant Capitaine Lieutenant Sous-lieutenant Aspirant Élève-officier


 German Air Force[11]
LD B 64 General.svg LD B 63 Generalleutnant.svg LD B 62 Generalmajor.svg LD B 61 Brigadegeneral.svg LD B 53 Oberst.svg LD B 52 Oberstleutnant.svg LD B 51 Major.svg LD B 44 Stabshauptmann.svg LD B 43 Hauptmann.svg LD B 42 Oberleutnant.svg LD B 41 Leutnant.svg LD B 33a Oberfähnrich.svg LD B 31a Fähnrich.svg LD B 21a Fahnenjunker.svg Enlisted rank plus bottom thin silver
cord indicating cadet's career
General General­leutnant General­major Brigade­general Oberst Oberst­leutnant Major Stabs­haupt­mann Haupt­mann Ober­leut­nant Leut­nant Ober­fähn­rich Fähn­rich Fahnen­junker


 Hellenic Air Force[12]
Hellenic Air Force OF-9.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-8.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-7.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-6.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-5.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-4.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-3.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-2.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-1A.svg Hellenic Air Force OF-1B.svg
Πτέραρχος
Pterarchos
Αντιπτέραρχος
Antipterarchos
Υποπτέραρχος
Ypopterarchos
Ταξίαρχος
Taxiarchos
Σμήναρχος
Sminarchos
Αντισμήναρχος
Antisminarchos
Επισμηναγός
Episminagos
Σμηναγός
Sminagos
Υποσμηναγός
Yposminagos
Ανθυποσμηναγός
Anthyposminagos


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
 Hungarian Air Force[13]
Army-HUN-OF-09.svg Army-HUN-OF-08.svg Army-HUN-OF-07.svg Army-HUN-OF-06.svg Army-HUN-OF-05.svg Rank Army Hungary OF-04.svg Rank Army Hungary OF-03.svg Rank Army Hungary OF-02.svg Rank Army Hungary OF-01b.svg Rank Army Hungary OF-01a.svg No insignia
Vezérezredes Altábornagy Vezérőrnagy Dandártábornok Ezredes Alezredes Őrnagy Százados Főhadnagy Hadnagy Honvéd­tisztje­lölt


 Iceland No air force


 Italian Air Force[14]
IT-Airforce-OF-10.png IT-Airforce-OF-9s.png IT-Airforce-OF-9.png IT-Airforce-OF-8.png IT-Airforce-OF-7.png IT-Airforce-OF-5.png IT-Airforce-OF-4.png IT-Airforce-OF-3.png IT-Airforce-OF3s.png IT-Airforce-OF3.png IT-Airforce-OF2.png IT-Airforce-OF1.png
Generale Generale di squadra aerea con incarichi speciali Generale di squadra aerea Generale di divisione aerea Generale di brigata aerea Colonnello Tenente colonnello Maggiore Primo capitano Capitano Tenente Sottotenente


Latvia Latvian Air Force[15]
17.LVAF-LG.svg 16.LVAF-MG.svg 15-LVAF-BG.svg 14.LVAF-COL.svg 13.LVAF-LTC.svg 12.LVAF-MAJ.svg 11.LVAF-CPT.svg 10.LVAF-1LT.svg 9.LVAF-2LT.svg
Ģenerālleitnants Ģenerālmajors Brigādes ģenerālis Pulkvedis Pulkvežleitnants Majors Kapteinis Virsleitnants Leitnants


 Lithuanian Air Force[16]
21-Lithuania Air Force-LG.svg 20-Lithuania Air Force-MG.svg 19-Lithuania Air Force-BG.svg 18-Lithuania Air Force-COL.svg 17-Lithuania Air Force-LTC.svg 16-Lithuania Air Force-MAJ.svg 15-Lithuania Air Force-CPT.svg 14-Lithuania Air Force-1LT.svg 13-Lithuania Air Force-2LT.svg SF kariūnas LKA.jpg
Generolas leitenantas Generolas majoras Brigados generolas Pulkininkas Pulkininkas leitenantas Majoras Kapitonas Vyresnysis leitenantas Leitenantas Kariūnas


 Luxembourg No air force


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Montenegro Montenegrin Air Force[17]
19-Montenegro Air Force-GEN.svg 18-Montenegro Air Force-LG.svg 17-Montenegro Air Force-MG.svg 16-Montenegro Air Force-BG.svg 15-Montenegro Air Force-COL.svg 14-Montenegro Air Force-LTC.svg 13-Montenegro Air Force-MAJ.svg 12-Montenegro Air Force-CPT.svg 11-Montenegro Air Force-1LT.svg 10-Montenegro Air Force-2LT.svg
General pukovnik General potpukovnik General major Brigadir general Pukovnik Potpukovnik Major Kapetan Poručnik Potporučnik


 North Macedonia Air Force[18]
Macedonia-AirForce-OF-9.svg Macedonia-AirForce-OF-8.svg Macedonia-AirForce-OF-7.svg Macedonia-AirForce-OF-6.svg Macedonia-AirForce-OF-5.svg Macedonia-AirForce-OF-4.svg Macedonia-AirForce-OF-3.svg Macedonia-AirForce-OF-2.svg Macedonia-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Macedonia-AirForce-OF-1a.svg
Генерал
General
Генерал потполковник
General potpolkovnik
Генерал мајор
General major
Бригаден генерал
Brigaden general
Полковник
Polkovnik
Потполковник
Potpolkovnik
Мајор
Major
Капетан
Kapetan
Поручник
Poručnik
Потпоручник
Potporučnik


 Royal Netherlands Air Force[19]
Netherlands-AirForce-OF-9.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-8.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-7.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-6.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-5.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-4.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-3.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-2.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-1a.svg Netherlands-AirForce-OF-(D).svg
Generaal Luitenant-generaal Generaal-majoor Commodore Kolonel Luitenant-kolonel Majoor Kapitein Eerste-luitenant Tweede-luitenant Vaandrig


Norway Royal Norwegian Air Force[20]
Norway-air force-OF-9.svg Norway-air force-OF-8.svg Norway-air force-OF-7.svg Norway-air force-OF-6.svg Norway-air force-OF-5.svg Norway-air force-OF-4.svg Norway-air force-OF-3.svg Norway-air force-OF-2.svg Norway-air force-OF-1b.svg Norway-air force-OF-1a.svg Blank.svg
General Generalløytnant Generalmajor Brigader Oberst Oberstløytnant Major Kaptein/
Rittmester
Løytnant Fenrik Kadett


 Polish Air Force[21]
Marshal of Poland Rank insignia of generał of the Air Force of Poland.svg Rank insignia of generał broni of the Air Force of Poland.svg Rank insignia of generał dywizji of the Air Force of Poland.svg Rank insignia of generał brygady of the Air Force of Poland.svg Rank insignia of pułkownik of the Air Force of Poland.svg Rank insignia of podpułkownik of the Air Force of Poland.svg Rank insignia of major of the Air Force of Poland.svg Rank insignia of kapitan of the Air Force of Poland.svg Rank insignia of porucznik of the Air Force of Poland.svg Rank insignia of podporucznik of the Air Force of Poland.svg Various
Marszałek Polski Generał Generał broni Generał dywizji Generał brygady Pułkownik Podpułkownik Major Kapitan Porucznik Podporucznik Podchorąży


 Portuguese Air Force[22]
Portugal-AirForce-OF-10.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-9.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-8.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-7.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-6.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-5.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-4.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-3.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-2.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-1a.svg Portugal-AirForce-OF-(D).svg Various
Marechal da força aérea General Tenente general Major general Brigadeiro general Coronel Tenente coronel Major Capitão Tenente Alferes Aspirante-a-oficial Cadete aluno


 Romanian Air Force[23]
Romania-Army-OF-10.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-9.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-8.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-7.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-6.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-5.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-4.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-3.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-2.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-1b.svg Romania-AirForce-OF-1a.svg
Mareșal General General-locotenent General-maior General de flotilă aeriană Comandor Căpitan-comandor Locotenent-comandor Căpitan Locotenent Sublocotenent


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Slovakia Slovak Air Force[24]
SVK-Air Force-OF-09.svg SVK-Air Force-OF-08.svg SVK-Air Force-OF-07.svg SVK-Air Force-OF-06.svg SVK-Air Force-OF-05.svg SVK-Air Force-OF-04.svg SVK-Air Force-OF-03.svg SVK-Air Force-OF-02.svg SVK-Air Force-OF-01b.svg SVK-Air Force-OF-01a.svg
Generál Generálporučík[a] Generálmajor Brigádny generál Plukovník Podplukovník Major Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík


Slovenia Slovenian Air Force and Air Defence[25]
21-Slovenian Air Force-GEN.svg 20-Slovenian Air Force-LG.svg 19-Slovenian Air Force-MG.svg 18-Slovenian Air Force-BG.svg 17-Slovenian Air Force-COL.svg 16-Slovenian Air Force-LTC.svg 15-Slovenian Air Force-MAJ.svg 14-Slovenian Air Force-CPT.svg 13-Slovenian Air Force-1LT.svg 12-Slovenian Air Force-2LT.svg
General polkovnik Generalpodpolkovnik Generalmajor Brigadir general Polkovnik Podpolkovnik Major Stotnik Nadporočnik Poročnik


Spain Spanish Air Force[26]
SP-10 Capitán General del Aire.svg SP-09 General del Aire.svg SP-08 Teniente General EA.svg SP-07 General de Division EA.svg SP-06 General de Brigada EA.svg SP-05 Coronel EA.svg SP-04 Teniente Coronel EA.svg SP-03 Comandante EA.svg SP-02 Capitán EA.svg SP-01 Teniente EA.svg SP-01 Alférez EA.svg Alférez Alumno de Quinta EA.svg Alférez Alumno de Cuarta EA.svg Alférez Alumno de Tercera EA.svg Cadete de Tercera EA.png Cadete de Segunda EA.svg Cadete de Primera EA.svg
Capitán general General del aire Teniente general General de división General de brigada Coronel Teniente coronel Comandante Capitán Teniente Alférez Oficial Cadete Alumno


 Turkish Air Force[27]
Turkey-army-OF-10.svg Turkey-air-force-OF-9b.svg Turkey-air-force-OF-9a.svg Turkey-air-force-OF-8.svg Turkey-air-force-OF-7.svg Turkey-air-force-OF-6.svg Turkey-air-force-OF-5.svg Turkey-air-force-OF-4.svg Turkey-air-force-OF-3.svg Turkey-air-force-OF-2.svg Turkey-air-force-OF-1b.svg Turkey-air-force-OF-1a.svg Turkey-air-force-OF-(D).svg Various
[b]
Mareşal Genelkurmay başkanlığı Orgeneral Korgeneral Tümgeneral Tuğgeneral Albay Yarbay Binbaşı Yüzbaşı Üsteğmen Teğmen Asteğmen Harbiyeli


 Royal Air Force[28]
United Kingdom-Air force-OF-10-collected.svg United Kingdom-Air force-OF-9-collected.svg United Kingdom-Air force-OF-8-collected.svg United Kingdom-Air force-OF-7-collected.svg United Kingdom-Air force-OF-6-collected.svg British RAF OF-5.svg British RAF OF-4.svg British RAF OF-3.svg British RAF OF-2.svg British RAF OF-1b.svg British RAF OF-1a.svg UK-RAF-OFD.svg
Marshal of the RAF Air chief marshal Air marshal Air vice-marshal Air commodore Group captain Wing commander Squadron leader Flight lieutenant Flying officer Pilot officer
/acting pilot officer
Officer cadet


 United States Air Force[29]
US Air Force O11 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O10 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O9 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O8 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O7 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O6 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O5 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O4 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O3 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O2 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O1 shoulderboard.svg USAFA Vice Wing Commander.svg
General of the Air Force General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant Cadet / Officer trainee
(Various insignia)


 United States Space Force[30]
US Air Force O10 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O9 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O8 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O7 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O6 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O5 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O4 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O3 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O2 shoulderboard.svg US Air Force O1 shoulderboard.svg USAFA Vice Wing Commander.svg
General Lieutenant general Major general Brigadier general Colonel Lieutenant colonel Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant Cadet / Officer trainee
(Various insignia)


NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
  • 1 Honorary/War time rank.

Note that the NATO officer rank codes (OF-1 to OF-10) are differently numbered from the US officer rank codes (O-1 to O-10).

See also

Notes

  1. ^ The appropriate branch of service badge is pinned just under the top button of the for all ranks excluding full General.
  2. ^ Student officer insignia designates school grade rather than military seniority.

References

  1. ^ "GRADAT, FORCA AJRORE" (PDF). aaf.mil.al (in Albanian). Archived from the original on 28 April 2021. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  2. ^ https://aaf.mil.al/english/index.php/komanda-e-faj/381-rank-insignias/1984-air-forces-ranks
  3. ^ "IPR Luchtcomponent". mil.be (in Dutch). Archived from the original on 20 February 2005. Retrieved 25 November 2021.
  4. ^ "ЗАКОН ЗА ОТБРАНАТА И ВЪОРЪЖЕНИТЕ СИЛИ НА РЕПУБЛИКА БЪЛГАРИЯ". lex.bg (in Bulgarian). Глава седма. ВОЕННА СЛУЖБА. 12 May 2009. Retrieved 25 May 2021.
  5. ^ "Ranks and appointment". canada.ca. Government of Canada. Retrieved 28 May 2021.
  6. ^ "Oznake činova". osrh.hr (in Croatian). Republic of Croatia Armed Forces. 1 April 2019. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  7. ^ "Ranks". army.cz. Ministry of Defence of the Czech Republic. 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  8. ^ "Flyvevåbnets Gradstegn" (PDF). forsvaret.dk (in Danish). Danish Defence. 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  9. ^ "Sümboolika: Õhuväe Auastmed". mil.ee (in Estonian). Estonian Defence Forces. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  10. ^ "Les grades" (PDF). defense.gouv.fr (in French). Ministry of Armed Forces (France). Retrieved 4 June 2021.
  11. ^ "Dienstgradabzeichen Luftwaffe". bundeswehr.de (in German). Bundeswehr. Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  12. ^ "Διακριτικά" [Ranks]. haf.gr (in Greek). Hellenic Air Force. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  13. ^ Andrea, Kánya (6 May 2009). "A gallér és az ötágú csillag". honvedelem.hu (in Hungarian). Hungarian Defence Forces. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  14. ^ "Distintivi di Grado". Regolamento sull'uniforme (OD-4) (PDF) (in Italian). 2012. pp. 173–175. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
  15. ^ "Pakāpju iedalījums". mil.lv/lv (in Latvian). Latvian National Armed Forces. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  16. ^ "Karių laipsnių ženklai". kariuomene.kam.lt (in Lithuanian). Ministry of National Defence (Lithuania). Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  17. ^ "IV. Izgled Činova u Vojsci". Official Gazette of Montenegro (in Montenegrin). 50/10: 22–28. 16 August 2010. Retrieved 17 September 2021.
  18. ^ "УРЕДБА ЗА ОЗНАКИТЕ ЗА УНИФОРМИТЕ НА АРМИЈАТА НА РЕПУБЛИКА СЕВЕРНА МАКЕДОНИЈА" [Regulation on the Markings for the Uniforms of the Army of the Republic Northern of Macedonia]. dejure.mk (in Macedonian). 12 November 2020. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  19. ^ "De rangonderscheidingstekens van de krijgsmacht" (PDF) (in Dutch). Ministry of Defence (Netherlands). 19 December 2016. Retrieved 18 March 2021.
  20. ^ "Militære grader". forsvaret.no (in Norwegian). Norwegian Armed Forces. 4 February 2021. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  21. ^ "Sposób noszenia odznak stopni wojskowych na umundurowaniu wojsk Lądowych i sił Powietrznych" (PDF). wojsko-polskie.pl (in Polish). Armed Forces Support Inspectorate. Retrieved 7 June 2021.
  22. ^ "Postos e Distintivos". emfa.pt (in Portuguese). Portuguese Air Force. Retrieved 29 April 2021.
  23. ^ "Grade militare (Military ranks)". defense.ro (in Romanian). Romanian Defence Staff. Retrieved 1 February 2021.
  24. ^ "Označenie vojenských hodností príslušníkov Ozbrojených síl Slovenskej republiky od 1.1.2016" [Designation of military ranks of members of the Armed Forces of the Slovak Republic from 1.1.2016]. vhu.sk (in Slovak). Military History Institute. Retrieved 12 April 2021.
  25. ^ "Čini in razredi". slovenskavojska.si (in Slovenian). Slovenian Armed Forces. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  26. ^ "Army Ranks & Insignia". ejercito.defensa.gob.es. Ministry of Defence (Spain). Retrieved 30 May 2021.
  27. ^ "Rütbeleri". Official air force (in Turkish). Retrieved 1 March 2021.
  28. ^ "RAF Ranks". raf.mod.uk/. Royal Air Force. Retrieved 21 September 2021.
  29. ^ "Air Force Instruction 36-2903" (PDF). Department of the Air Force. 25 June 2021. p. 108. Retrieved 14 August 2021.
  30. ^ "U.S. Military Rank Insignia". defense.gov. Department of Defense. Retrieved 13 January 2022.
  • Davis, Brian L. (1989). NATO Forces: An Illustrated Reference to Their Organization and Insignia. Blandford Press. ISBN 978-0713717372.

External links

  • History of NATO – the Atlantic Alliance—UK Government site