Ranks and insignia of Royal Danish Army

Summary

The Ranks and insignia of Royal Danish Army follows the NATO system of ranks and insignia, as does the rest of the Danish Defence. The ranks are based around German and French military terms.[1]

History

In 1801, new uniforms were introduced for the whole army. Along with the new uniforms, epaulette ranks were introduced for officers.[2][3] Following the defeat in the English Wars in 1812, Denmark was on the brink of financial bankruptcy, resulting in drastic reductions in the military.[4] Therefore, only generals were allowed to wear epaulettes, with other ranks reverting to cuff insignia.[4] In 1822, epaulettes were introduced to all ranks.[5]

Current ranks

The current insignia for the Royal Danish Army was introduced along with the introduction of the MultiCam uniform. This sand coloured insignia replaced the older standard green slip-on and all other special slip-ons.[6]

Officers

The highest officer's rank is OF-9 (General) which is reserved for the Chief of Defence (only when this seat is occupied by an army officer). Similarly, OF-8 (Lieutenant general) is reserved for the Vice Chief of Defence). OF-7 (Major general) is used by the Chief of the Royal Danish Army and OF-6 (Brigadegeneral) by the chief of a brigade as well as keepers of high-office positions.

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Group[7] Leadership level (Chefniveau) Management level (Lederniveau)
 Royal Danish Army[8]
Denmark-Army-OF-9-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-8-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-7-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-6-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-5-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-4-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-3-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-2-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1b-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1a-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-(D)-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-5a-M11.svg
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Brigadegeneral Oberst Oberstløjtnant Major Kaptajn Premierløjtnant Løjtnant Sekondløjtnant Sergent
(Officerselev)
Danish Pay Grade[9] M406 M405 M404 M403 M402 M401 M332
M331
M322
M321 M312 M311 M310

Medical personnel

Insignia used by physicians, dentists and veterinarians.[10]

NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer
Shoulder straps Denmark-Army-OF-6-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-5-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-4-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-3-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-2-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1b-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1a-M11.svg
Position Surgeon general Staff physician 1st class
Staff veterinarian
Staff physician 2nd class
Staff veterinarian
Chief Physician Staff Specialist Resident 1st class Resident 2nd class Resident 3rd class
Rank designation Brigadegeneral Oberst Oberstløjtnant Major Kaptajn Premierløjtnant Løjtnant

Enlisted

The Danish OR's also follow the NATO system, though there are no OR-6's. OR-4 (Korporal) is the highest of the M100-level ranks and is not considered a NCO-rank.

NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Group[7] Middle management level (Mellemlederniveau) Manual level (Manuelt niveau)
Service uniform Denmark-Army-OR-9c-M69 (sleeve).svg Denmark-Army-OR-9a-M69 (sleeve).svg Denmark-Army-OR-8a-M69 (sleeve).svg Denmark-Army-OR-7-M69 (sleeve).svg Denmark-Army-OR-5-M69 (sleeve).svg Denmark-Army-OR-4-M69 (sleeve).svg Denmark-Army-OR-3-M69 (sleeve).svg Denmark-Army-OR-2-M69 (sleeve).svg Denmark-Army-OR-1-M69 (sleeve).svg
 Royal Danish Army[8]
Denmark-Army-OR-9c-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-9a-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-8a-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-7-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-5-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-5a-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-4-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-3-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-2-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-1-M11.svg
Hærchefsergenten Chefsergent Seniorsergent Oversergent Sergent Sergent
(Officerselev)
Korporal Overkonstabel af 1. grad Overkonstabel Konstabel
Danish Pay Grade[9] M232 M231 M221 M212 M211 M113 M112
Other rank insignia
NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-5 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1
Service uniform Denmark-Army-OR-9b-M69 (sleeve).svg Denmark-Army-OR-8b-M69 (sleeve).svg
Shoulder board[8] Denmark-Army-OR-9b-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-8b-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-5(D)-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-3b-MTS 2020.svg Denmark-Army-OR-2b-M11 2020.svg Denmark-Army-OR-1b-M11 2020.svg Denmark-Army-OR-(D)-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OR-1c-M11 2020.svg
English Command sergeant major Command sergeant major Sergeant trainee Lance corporal, section commander Private first class, section commander Private, section commander Private recruit Conscript, section commander
Danish Regiments-, brigade- og skole chefsergent Regiments- og brigade-, seniorsergent Sergentelev Overkonstabel 1. grad, meniggruppefører Overkonstabel, meniggruppefører Konstabel, meniggruppefører Konstabel elev Meniggruppefører

Clerical personnel

Types of rank insignia

Rank Flag of NATO.svg
NATO
Rank insignia
M/58 M/69 TAN499 M/06 M/11
Woodland Desert
Chefsergent OR-9 Rank insignia of chefsergent of the Royal Danish Army.svg Denmark-Army-OR-9a-M69.svg Denmark-Army-OR-9a-TAN499.svg Army DK OR 09 M48.jpeg Army DK OR 09 M01.png Denmark-Army-OR-9a-M11.svg

Historical ranks

Officer ranks

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
1801–1812
[2]
No insignia Denmark-Army-OF-9 1801.svg Denmark-Army-OF-8 1801.svg Denmark-Army-OF-7 1801.svg Denmark-Army-OF-5 1801.svg Denmark-Army-OF-4 1801.svg Denmark-Army-OF-3 1801.svg Denmark-Army-OF-2 1801.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1b 1801.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1a 1801.svg
Feltmarskal General Generallieutenant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstlieutenant Major Captain Premierlieutenant Secondlieutenant Cadet
1812–1816
[11]
No insignia Denmark-Army-OF-9 1801.svg Denmark-Army-OF-8 1801.svg Denmark-Army-OF-7 1801.svg Denmark-Army-OF-5 1812.svg Denmark-Army-OF-4 1812.svg Denmark-Army-OF-3 1812.svg Denmark-Army-OF-2 1812.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1b 1812.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1a 1812.svg
Feltmarskal General Generallieutenant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstlieutenant Major Captain Premierlieutenant Secondlieutenant Cadet
1816–1821
[12]
No insignia Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Feltmarskal General Generallieutenant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstlieutenant Major Captain Premierlieutenant Secondlieutenant Cadet
1821–1842
[13]
No insignia Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Feltmarskal General Generallieutenant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstlieutenant Major Captain Premierlieutenant Secondlieutenant Cadet
1842–1848
[14][15]
No insignia Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Feltmarskal General Generallieutenant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstlieutenant Major Captain Premierlieutenant Secondlieutenant Cadet
1849–1858
[16]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
General Generallieutenant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstlieutenant Major Captain Premierlieutenant Secondlieutenant Cadet
1858–1869
[17][18]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Denmark-Army-OF-2 1848.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1c 1848.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1a 1848.svg
General Generallieutenant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstlieutenant Major Captain Premierlieutenant Secondlieutenant Cadet
1869–1889
[19][17][20]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Denmark-Army-OF-2 1848.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1c 1848.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1b 1848.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1a 1848.svg
General[a] Generallieutenant Generalmajor Oberst Captain Premierlieutenant Lieutenant af Forstærkningen Sekondlieutenant Cadet
1889–1903
[17][21]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Denmark-Army-OF-2 1848.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1c 1848.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1b 1848.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1a 1848.svg
General Generallieutenant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstlieutenant Captain Premierlieutenant Lieutenant af Forstærkningen Sekondlieutenant
1903–1910
[22]
Blank.svg Denmark-Army-OF-8-1903 sleeve.svg Denmark-Army-OF-7-1903 sleeve.svg Denmark-Army-OF-5-1903 sleeve.svg Denmark-Army-OF-4-1903 sleeve.svg Denmark-Army-OF-2-1903 sleeve.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1b-1903 sleeve.svg Blank.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1a-1903 sleeve.svg
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløjtnant Kaptajn Premierløjtnant Løjtnant Sekondløjtnant
1910–1915
[23][24]
Denmark-Army-OF-9-1911 sleeve.svg Denmark-Army-OF-8-1911 sleeve.svg Denmark-Army-OF-7-1911 sleeve.svg Denmark-Army-OF-5-1911 sleeve.svg Denmark-Army-OF-4-1911 sleeve.svg Denmark-Army-OF-2-1911 sleeve.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1-1911 sleeve.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1a-1911 sleeve.svg Denmark-Army-OF-(D)-1911 sleeve.svg
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløjtnant Kaptajn Premierløjtnant Løjtnant Sekondløjtnant
1915–1923
[25][26]
Danish-Army-OF-9-M15.svg Danish-Army-OF-8-M15.svg Danish-Army-OF-7-M15.svg Danish-Army-OF-5-M15.svg Danish-Army-OF-4-M15.svg Danish-Army-OF-2-M15.svg Danish-Army-OF-1b-M15.svg Danish-Army-OF-1a-M15.svg Danish-Army-OF-(D)-M15.svg
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløjtnant Kaptajn Premierløjtnant Løjtnant af Reserven Sekondløjtnant
1923–1958
[27]
Danish-Army-OF-9-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-8-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-7-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-5-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-4-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-2b-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-2a-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-1b-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-1a-M23.svg Danish-Army-OF-(D)-M23.svg
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløjtnant Kaptajn Kaptajnløjtnant Premierløjtnant Løjtnant af Reserven Sekondløjtnant
1958–1962
[28]
Danish-Army-OF-9-M58.svg Danish-Army-OF-8-M58.svg Danish-Army-OF-7-M58.svg Danish-Army-OF-5-M58.svg Danish-Army-OF-4-M58.svg Danish-Army-OF-2b-M58.svg Danish-Army-OF-2a-M58.svg Danish-Army-OF-1b-M58.svg Danish-Army-OF-1a-M58.svg Danish-Army-OF-(D)-M58.svg
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløjtnant Kaptajn Kaptajnløjtnant Premierløjtnant Løjtnant af Reserven Sekondløjtnant
1962–1983 Rank insignia of generalløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of generalmajor of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of brigadegeneral of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of oberst of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of oberstløjnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of major of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of kaptajn of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of premierløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of Løjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of sekondløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Oberst Oberstløjtnant Major Kaptajn Premierløjtnant Løjtnant af Reserven Sekondløjtnant
1983–1986
[3]
Denmark-Army-CoD.svg Rank insignia of generalløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of generalmajor of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of brigadegeneral of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of oberst of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of oberstløjnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of major of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of kaptajn of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of premierløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of Løjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of sekondløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Brigadegeneral Oberst Oberstløjtnant Major Kaptajn Premierløjtnant Løjtnant af Reserven Sekondløjtnant
1986–1989
[29]
Denmark-Army-CoD.svg Rank insignia of generalløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of generalmajor of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of brigadegeneral of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of oberst of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of oberstløjnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of major of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of kaptajn of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of premierløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of Løjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg
1989–2009 Rank insignia of general of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of generalløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of generalmajor of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of brigadegeneral of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of oberst of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of oberstløjnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of major of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of kaptajn of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of premierløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of Løjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg
2009–2018 Rank insignia of general of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of generalløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of generalmajor of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of brigadegeneral of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of oberst of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of oberstløjnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of major of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of kaptajn of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of premierløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of Løjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of sekondløjtnant of the Royal Danish Army.svg
2018–present Denmark-Army-OF-9-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-8-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-7-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-6-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-5-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-4-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-3-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-2-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1b-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-1a-M11.svg Denmark-Army-OF-(D)-M11.svg
General Generalløjtnant Generalmajor Brigadegeneral Oberst Oberstløjtnant Major Kaptajn Premierløjtnant Løjtnant Sekondløjtnant
NATO code OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) Student officer

Other ranks

Rank group NCO Enlisted
1812–1843
[30][31]
Denmark-Army-Kommandersergent 1812.svg Denmark-Army-Sergent 1812.svg Denmark-Army-Corporal 1812.svg Denmark-Army-Vicecorporal 1812.svg Denmark-Army-Menig 1812.svg
Kommandersergent Sergeant Corporal Vicecorporal Menig
1843–1848
[32]
Denmark-Army-Kommandersergent 1843.svg Denmark-Army-Sergent 1843.svg Denmark-Army-Corporal 1812.svg Denmark-Army-Underkorporal 1843.svg Denmark-Army-Menig 1812.svg
Overkommandersergent Kommandersergent Sergeant Korporal Underkorporal Menig
1848–1867
[33]
Denmark-Army-Overkommandersergent 1848.svg Denmark-Army-Kommandersergent 1848.svg Denmark-Army-Sergent 1848.svg Denmark-Army-Korporal 1848.svg Denmark-Army-Underkorporal 1848.svg Denmark-Army-Menig 1848.svg
Overkommandersergent Kommandersergent Sergeant Korporal Underkorporal Menig
1867–1903
[32]
Denmark-Army-Overkommandersergent 1848.svg Denmark-Army-Oversergent 1867.svg Denmark-Army-Sergent 1867.svg Denmark-Army-Korporal 1867.svg Denmark-Army-Underkorporal 1867.svg Denmark-Army-Menig 1848.svg
Stabssergent Oversergent Sergent Korporal Underkorporal Menig
1903–1910
[34]
Blank.svg Denmark-Army-Oversergent 1903.svg Denmark-Army-Sergent 1903.svg Denmark-Army-Korporal 1903.svg Denmark-Army-Underkorporal 1903.svg Denmark-Army-Menig 1903.svg
Stabssergent Oversergent Sergent Korporal Underkorporal Menig
1910–1915
[35]
Denmark-Army-Stabssergent 1911.svg Denmark-Army-Oversergent 1911.svg Denmark-Army-Sergent 1911.svg Denmark-Army-Kornet 1911.svg Denmark-Army-Korporal 1911.svg Denmark-Army-Underkorporal 1911.svg Denmark-Army-Menig 1848.svg
Stabssergent Oversergent Sergent Kornet Korporal Underkorporal Menig
1915–1923 Danish-Army-Stabssergent M15.svg Danish-Army-Oversergent M15.svg Danish-Army-Sergent M15.svg Danish-Army-Kornet M15.svg Danish-Army-Korporal M15.svg Danish-Army-Underkorporal M15.svg Danish-Army-Menig M15.svg
Stabssergent Oversergent Sergent Kornet Korporal Underkorporal Menig
1923–1951 Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Denmark-Army-Korporal 1923.svg Denmark-Army-Underkorporal 1923.svg Denmark-Army-Menig 1923.svg
Korpsofficiant Stabsofficiant Overofficiant Officiant Oversergent Sergent Kornet Korporal Underkorporal Menig
1951–1962
[36][37]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Historical rank insignia of Oversergent (1951-1965) of the Danish Army.svg Historical rank insignia of Sergent (1951-1965) of the Danish Army.svg Historical rank insignia of Værnepligtig Korporal of the Royal Danish Army.svg Historical rank insignia of Math of the Danish Army.svg
Overfenrik Fenrik Oversergent Sergent Korporal Math
1962–?
[38]
Blank.svg Blank.svg Historical rank insignia of Oversergent (1951-1965) of the Danish Army.svg Historical rank insignia of Sergent (1951-1965) of the Danish Army.svg Historical rank insignia of Værnepligtig Korporal of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of overkonstabel of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of konstabel of the Royal Danish Army.svg
Overfenrik Fenrik Oversergent Sergent Korporal Overkonstabel Konstable
1965–1970
[39]
Historical rank insignia of Seniorsergent af 1. grad of the Royal Danish Army.svg Historical rank insignia of Seniorsergent af 2. grad of the Royal Danish Army.svg Historical rank insignia of Oversergent of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of sergent of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of korporal of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of overkonstabel of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of konstabel of the Royal Danish Army.svg
Seniorsergent af 1. grad Seniorsergent af 2. grad Oversergent Sergent Korporal Overkonstabel Konstable
1970–1982
[40]
Historical rank insignia of Seniorsergent af 1. grad of the Royal Danish Army.svg Historical rank insignia of Seniorsergent af 2. grad of the Royal Danish Army.svg Historical rank insignia of Oversergent of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of sergent of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of korporal of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of overkonstabel 1. grad of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of overkonstabel of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of konstabel of the Royal Danish Army.svg
Seniorsergent af 1. grad Seniorsergent af 2. grad Oversergent Sergent Korporal Overkonstabel af 1. grad Overkonstabel Konstable
1982–present Rank insignia of chefsergent of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of seniorsergent of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of oversergent of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of sergent of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of korporal of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of overkonstabel 1. grad of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of overkonstabel of the Royal Danish Army.svg Rank insignia of konstabel of the Royal Danish Army.svg
Chefsergent Seniorsergent Oversergent Sergent Korporal Overkonstabel af 1. grad Overkonstabel Konstable
NATO code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-5 OR-4 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1

Notes

  1. ^ Between 1867 and 1880, only a single "general" rank existed. Generals wore one–star. However, the King still wore three–stars, while former Generallieutenants were allowed to keep their two–stars.[18]

References

Citations
  1. ^ Editors 1935, p. 3.
  2. ^ a b Petersen 2014, p. 42.
  3. ^ a b Hedegaard 1986.
  4. ^ a b Petersen 2014, p. 47.
  5. ^ Borg 1974, p. 41.
  6. ^ Hærchefsergent 2018.
  7. ^ a b "Bekendtgørelse om militære grader mv. for personel i det militære forsvar". retsinformation.dk (in Danish). 24 March 2010. Retrieved 30 March 2021.
  8. ^ a b c "Hærens Gradstegn" (PDF). forsvaret.dk (in Danish). Danish Defence. 2018. Retrieved 26 May 2021.
  9. ^ a b "Historik". forpers.dk (in Danish). Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  10. ^ Hærchefsergent 2018, p. 17.
  11. ^ Petersen 2014, p. 113.
  12. ^ Petersen 2021, p. 874.
  13. ^ Petersen 2021, p. 875.
  14. ^ Borg 1974, pp. 51–52.
  15. ^ Petersen 2021, pp. 877–878.
  16. ^ Petersen 2021, pp. 881–882.
  17. ^ a b c Hansen, Løvschall & Nilsson 1997, p. 196.
  18. ^ a b Petersen 2021, p. 883.
  19. ^ Klint 1965, p. 8.
  20. ^ Petersen 2021, p. 886.
  21. ^ Petersen 2021, p. 887.
  22. ^ Hansen & Løvschall 2006, pp. 122–124.
  23. ^ Hansen 2010, pp. 124, 133–134.
  24. ^ "Hærens Gradstegn 1914 — 1923". chakoten.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 29 March 2021.
  25. ^ Finsted.
  26. ^ "Royal Danish Army - 1915 field uniform". Retrieved 1 November 2018.
  27. ^ Hillmos.
  28. ^ "Kaptajn". Den Danske Ordbog (in Danish). Det Danske Sprog- og Litteraturselskab. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  29. ^ "Sekondløjtnant". Den Danske Ordbog. Retrieved 26 September 2018.
  30. ^ Petersen 2014, p. 106.
  31. ^ 1812
  32. ^ a b Hansen, Løvschall & Nilsson 1997, pp. 201–202.
  33. ^ Kannik 1964, pp. 167–168.
  34. ^ Hansen & Løvschall 2006, p. 123-124.
  35. ^ Hansen 2010, pp. 124, 135.
  36. ^ Ministry of Defence 1954, p. 249.
  37. ^ Nørholtz 2019.
  38. ^ Hærkommandoen 1962, p. 281.
  39. ^ Hærkommandoen 1965, p. 297.
  40. ^ Hærkommandoen 1970, p. 254.
References
  • Borg, E. (1974). Den danske Marines uniformer gennem tre århundre (in Danish). Strubes Forlag. ISBN 87 7508 164 4.
  • Editors (12 February 1935). "Grads-Betegnelserne i Hæren". Danske Soldater (in Danish). 2 (2).CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
  • Finsted, Per. "Supplement til Danske Uniformer for Hær og Flaade, 1916". chakoten.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  • Hansen, Bert; Løvschall, Frans; Nilsson, Birger (1997). Skøtt, Ole (ed.). "Den Danske Hær og Flådes Uniformer 1886". Vaabenhistoriske Aarsbøger (in Danish). Devantier. 42. ISSN 0108-707X.
  • Hansen, Bert; Løvschall, Frans (2006). Skøtt, Ole (ed.). "Den danske enhedsuniform M 1903 og dens videre skæbne i det danske forsvar". Vaabenhistoriske Aarsbøger (in Danish). 51: 99–167. ISSN 0108-707X.
  • Hansen, Bert (2010). Skøtt, Ole (ed.). "Danske Uniformer 1910–1920 del 1". Vaabenhistoriske Aarsbøger (in Danish). Devantier. 55. ISSN 0108-707X.
  • Hedegaard, Ole A. (1 January 1986). "Nyt militært gradstegn - en ny/gammel tradition!". Krigsvidenskab.dk (in Danish). Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  • Hillmos, Finn. "Hærens gradstegn 1923" (PDF). chakoten.dk. Retrieved 28 August 2018.
  • Hærchefsergent (July 2018). "Gradstegn og anden distinktionering". Uniformsbestemmelser for hæren (UBH) Jul 2018 (in Danish).
  • Hærkommandoen (November 1962). Lærebog for hærens menige (in Danish). Copenhagen: N. Olaf Møller.
  • Hærkommandoen (March 1965). Lærebog for hærens menige (in Danish). Copenhagen: N. Olaf Møller.
  • Hærkommandoen (1970). Lærebog for hærens menige (in Danish). Copenhagen: S. L. Møllers Bogtrykkeri.
  • Kannik, Preben (1964). "Uniformer og udrusting". In Askgaard, Finn; Hoff, Arne; Kannik, Preben (eds.). Tøjhusmuseets bog om 1864: Våben og uniformer (in Danish). Copenhagen: Nordlundes bogtrykkeri. pp. 159–215.
  • Klint, Helge (1965). "Træk af Hærstabens historie". Hærkommandoens Årsskrift (in Danish). Nyt Nordisk Forlag: 5–11.
  • Ministry of Defence (November 1954). Lærebog for hærens menige (in Danish). Copenhagen: N. Olaf Møller.
  • Nørholtz, Tine (2019). "HKKF: 60 år" (PDF). Fagligt Forsvar (in Danish). Hærens Konstabel- og Korporalforening. 3: 19–22.
  • Petersen, Karsten Skjold (2014). Kongens klæder - Hærens uniformer og udrustning i Danmark-Norge (in Danish) (1st ed.). Slovenia: Historika. ISBN 978-87-932-2900-6.
  • Petersen, Karsten Skjold (2021). Konens klæder 2 – Uniformer og udrustning i den danske hær 1816-1903 (in Danish). Syddansk Universitetsforlag. ISBN 978-87-408-3338-6.

External links

  • Badges of Rank for the Royal Danish Army, 2018
  • Badges of Rank for the Royal Danish Army, 2018 (in Danish)