Ranks of the Czechoslovak Armed Forces

Summary

Ranks of the Czechoslovak Armed Forces shows the military ranks and rank insignia in use by the First, Second, Third, and Fourth Czechoslovak Republic.

Overview

After the independence of Czechoslovakia, the new republic at first used the ranks of the Austro-Hungarian Army, but from 1920 a system was introduced that was basically similar to the one used presently by today's Army of the Czech Republic.[1]

Ranks (1918–1919)

Officers

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Home Army[2][better source needed] Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Polní zbrojmistr Polní podmaršálek Generálmajor Plukovník Podplukovník Major Setník Nadporučík Poručík Praporčík Kadet aspirant

Other ranks

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Home Army[2] Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Důstojnický zástupce Štábní šikovatel Šikovatel Četař Desátník Svobodník Vojín

Ranks (1919–1920)

Officers

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Ground Forces[3][4][better source needed] Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Polní zbrojmistr Polní podmaršálek Generálmajor Plukovník Podplukovník Major Setník Nadporučík Poručík Gážista Kadet aspirant

Other ranks

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Ground Forces[3] Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Praporčík Důstojnický zástupce Štábní šikovatel Šikovatel Četař
(Jednoročni dobrovolník)
Četař Desátník Svobodník Vojín

Ranks (1920–1929)

Ranks (1930–1939)

Rank and file, and junior non-commissioned officers

Source:[5] The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Vojín - Private
  • Svobodník - Lance Corporal
  • Desátník - Corporal
  • Četař - Sergeant
  • Rotný - Staff Sergeant

Source:[1]

Senior non-commissioned officers

[5] The senior non-commissioned officers received new rank insignia 1938. The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.:
  • Rotmistr - (Company) Sergeant Major
  • Štábní Rotmistr - Staff (Company) Sergeant Major
  • Praporčík - Praporshchik/Warrant Officer
  • Štábní praporčík - Staff Praporshchik/Chief Warrant Officer (introduced 1938)

Source:[1]

Commissioned officers

[5] The different ranks of the general officers were denoted by two to four stars on the sleeve.The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Podporučík - Podporuchik/Junior Lieutenant
  • Poručík - Poruchik/Lieutenant
  • Nadporučík - Nadporuchik/Senior Lieutenant
  • Kapitán - Captain
  • Štábní kapitán - Staff Captain
  • Major - Major
  • Podplukovník - Podpolkovnik/Lieutenant Colonel
  • Plukovník - Polkovnik/Colonel
  • Brigádní generál - Brigadier General
  • Divisní generál - Divisional General
  • Armádní generál - General of the Army

Until 1930, the rank of General, equivalent to that of a Brigadier or Brigadier General, was the highest rank of the Czechoslovak Army and Air Force.

Source:[1]

Ranks (1945–1950)

Rank and file, and junior non-commissioned officers

Source:[6] The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Vojín - Private
  • Svobodník - Lance Corporal
  • Desátník - Corporal
  • Četař - Sergeant

Source:[1]

Senior non-commissioned officers

[6] The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Rotný - Staff Sergeant
  • Staršina - Starshina/Master Sergeant (introduced 1949)
  • Rotmistr - (Company) Sergeant Major
  • Štábní Rotmistr - Staff (Company) Sergeant Major
  • Praporčík - Praporshchik/Warrant Officer
  • Štábní praporčík - Staff Praporshchik/Chief Warrant Officer (introduced 1938)

Source:[1]

Company and field grade officers

[6] The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Podporučík - Podporuchik
  • Poručík - Poruchik
  • Nadporučík - Nadporuchik
  • Kapitán - Captain
  • Štábní kapitán - Staff Captain
  • Major - Major
  • Podplukovník - Podpolkovnik
  • Plukovník - Polkovnik

Source:[1][6]

General officers

[6] The rank titles in the image are in Slovak.
  • Brigádní generál - Brigadier General
  • Divisní generál - Divisional General
  • Sborový generál - Army Corps General (introduced 1948)
  • Armádní generál - General of the Army

Source:[1]

Ranks (1951–1959)

Officers

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Ground &
Air Force

(1951-1952)
DPRK-Army-OF-9.svg DPRK-Army-OF-8.svg DPRK-Army-OF-7.svg DPRK-Army-OF-6.svg DPRK-Army-OF-5b.svg DPRK-Army-OF-5a.svg DPRK-Army-OF-4.svg DPRK-Army-OF-3.svg DPRK-Army-OF-2.svg DPRK-Army-OF-1c.svg DPRK-Army-OF-1b.svg DPRK-Army-OF-1a.svg
Vrchní velitel branné moci Armádní generál Sborový generál Divisní generál Brigádní generál Plukovník Podplukovník Major Štábní kapitán Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík Podporučík
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Ground &
Air Force

(1953-1959)[7]
DPRK-Army-OF-9.svg DPRK-Army-OF-8.svg DPRK-Army-OF-7.svg DPRK-Army-OF-6.svg DPRK-Army-OF-5a.svg DPRK-Army-OF-4.svg DPRK-Army-OF-3.svg DPRK-Army-OF-2.svg DPRK-Army-OF-1c.svg DPRK-Army-OF-1b.svg DPRK-Army-OF-1a.svg
Vrchní velitel branné moci Armádní generál Generálporučík Generálmajor Brigádní generál Plukovník Podplukovník Major Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík Podporučík

Other ranks

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Ground &
Air Force
[7]
CCCP-Army-OR-08 (1943–1955)-field.svg CCCP-Army-OR-07 (1943–1955)-field.svg CCCP-Army-OR-06 (1943–1955)-field.svg CCCP-Army-OR-04 (1943–1955)-field.svg CCCP-Army-OR-02 (1943–1955)-field.svg CCCP-Army-OR-01 (1943–1955)-field.svg
Staršina Rotný Četař Desátník Svobodník Vojín

Ranks (1960–1990)

Officers

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Ground &
Air Force
[8]
CsArmy1960armadni general Shoulder.png CsArmy1960general plukovnik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960general porucik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960general major Shoulder.png CsArmy1960plukovnik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960podplukovnik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960major Shoulder.png CsArmy1960kapitan Shoulder.png CsArmy1960nadporucik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960porucik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960podporucik Shoulder.png
Armádní generál Generálplukovník Generálporučík Generálmajor Plukovník Podplukovník Major Kapitán Nadporučík Poručík Podporučík

Enlisted and Warrant officers

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
Czechoslovakia Czechoslovak Ground &
Air Force
[8]
CsArmy1960nadpraporcik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960praporcik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960podpraporcik Shoulder.png CsArmy1960nadrotmistr Shoulder.png CsArmy1960rotmistr Shoulder.png CsArmy1960rotny Shoulder 01.png CzArmy2011 OR3-Cetar shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR2-Desatnik shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR1a-Svobodnik shoulder.svg CzArmy2011 OR1b-Vojin shoulder.svg
Nadpraporčík Praporčík Podpraporčík Nadrotmistr Rotmistr Rotný Četař Desátník Svobodník Vojín

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "Hodnosti ozbrojených sil [1918-1992." Valka. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  2. ^ a b Domáctí vojsko 1918-1919. Retrieved 2021-12-29.
  3. ^ a b Československá armáda 1919-1920. Retrieved 2021-12-29.
  4. ^ Stejnokroje ČS 1919 - 1. Retrieved 2021-12-29.
  5. ^ a b c "Czechoslovakia 1918-1939 (Republic)." International Encyclopedia of Rank Insignia of the World. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  6. ^ a b c d e "Czechoslovakia 1945-1960 (Republic)." International Encyclopedia of Rank Insignia of the World. Retrieved 2017-02-01.
  7. ^ a b Hodnosti ČSLA letech 1951-1959. Retrieved 2021-12-29.
  8. ^ a b Nyirady, Kenneth E. (1989). "National Security". In Gawdiak, Ihor (ed.). Czechoslovakia: a country study. Area Handbook (3rd ed.). Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress. p. 248. LCCN 88600487. Retrieved 20 October 2021.