River Ness

Summary

The River Ness (Scottish Gaelic: Abhainn Nis) is a river in Highland, Scotland, UK. It flows from Loch Dochfour,[1][2] at the northern end of Loch Ness, north-east to the mouth of the Beauly Firth at Inverness, a distance of about 6 miles (10 kilometres),[3] with a fall in height of about 16 metres (52 feet). The river is the origin of the name of Inverness which is from Scottish Gaelic: Inbhir Nis, meaning "Mouth of the Ness".

River Ness
River-Ness-2.JPG
River Ness looking downstream towards the Greig Street Bridge
River Ness OSM location map.png
River Ness location
Physical characteristics
Source 
 • locationLoch Dochfour
 • elevation52.49 ft (16.00 m)
Mouth 
 • location
Beauly Firth
 • elevation
0 ft (0 m)
Length6.2 mi (10.0 km)
Basin size1,850 km2 (710 sq mi)
Discharge 
 • average300 m3/s (11,000 cu ft/s)
River Ness looking upstream towards Inverness Castle, Inverness, Scotland
River Ness and Eden Court Theatre

EtymologyEdit

The hydronym Ness is of Pictish origin.[4] The name may be derived from *Nessa, the name of a river goddess.[4] *Nessa preserves an Old Celtic *Nesta, with roots in Indo-European ned, "water",[4] from which the Greek hydronyms Neda and Nestos are descended.[4]

CourseEdit

Dochgarroch weir at the downstream end of Loch Dochfour delineates the start of the River Ness. The Bathymetrical survey of the Scottish fresh-water lochs considered Loch Dochfour to be distinct from Loch Ness proper, but capable of being regarded as forming part of Loch Ness.[5] At Carnarc Point on the west bank the river discharges into the eastern end of the Beauly Firth, which is a continuation of the Moray Firth, at Kessock. The northern section of the Caledonian Canal passes partly through the River Ness and partly alongside it.[6] The river Ness is of glacial origin. Although of short length, the River Ness has one of the highest average discharge rates in the UK of 11,000 cubic feet per second (300 cubic metres per second).[7]

Ness catchmentEdit

Although the River Ness starts at Dochgarroch weir at the downstream end of Loch Dochfour, it is supplied by Loch Ness, and so all the rivers flowing into Loch Ness are part of the River Ness catchment area:

The linear River Ness-Loch Ness-Loch Oich axis follows the Great Glen Fault, with the watershed being in a low depression at Laggan Locks, beyond which Loch Lochy-River Lochy-River Spean continue on this axis to the west coast at Fort William.

Notable buildingsEdit

On a hill above the river in Inverness stands Inverness Castle. Next to the castle is the Inverness Museum and Art Gallery. The river is overlooked by the Eden Court Theatre, one of the largest theatres in Scotland. Inverness Cathedral also lies on the banks of the River Ness as does Old High St Stephen's, which stands on a hill known as St Michael's Mount. Inverness draws many tourists and there are hotels along the river.

BridgesEdit

There are several bridges in Inverness which cross the River Ness: the Ness Islands bridges; the Infirmary Bridge, built at Rose Street Foundry, Inverness 1879; Ness Bridge, constructed in 1961 replacing an earlier bridge which itself replaced a bridge of 1685[8] which collapsed during flooding in 1849. The 1685 bridge was sketched by J. M. W. Turner in 1831 and the sketch belongs to the Tate;[9] Greig Street Bridge; Friar's Bridge; Waterloo Bridge; and the Railway Bridge, which is a steel bridge fabricated in 1989 to replace the earlier stone bridge which was swept away in floods in 1989. The Greig Street Bridge is a picturesque suspension bridge built in Inverness in 1881.[10] The Inverness southern bypass was completed in 2017 with Holm Mills Bridge across the river.[11]

Nature and parksEdit

 
Inverness Castle and River Ness upstream of the Infirmary Bridge
 
River Ness looking downstream towards Friars Bridge, Inverness, Scotland

Upstream of Inverness city centre lie the Ness Islands which are popular for nature walks and have many fine tree specimens.[12][13] The river flows through the heart of the City of Inverness, and fishermen in waders can often be seen casting for salmon. The Ness District Salmon Fishery Board is the statutory body responsible for the protection and enhancement of salmon and sea trout fisheries in the Ness District.[14] Common seals and grey seals are often seen, as are grey heron, pipistrelle and Daubenton's bats, housemartins, grey wagtail, great black backed gull, European herring gull, oystercatchers, mallards, dippers, goosander and other diving birds. At certain times of the year Arctic terns can be seen lining the railings along the river banks and rarely eagle owl have been seen and the occasional osprey has been spotted fishing in the river from the Ness Islands. European otter are sometimes spotted. The banks of the river are lined with lime trees.[15]

Near the Ness Islands on the west bank is Bught Park which has facilities for sports and leisure. Here can be found Inverness Sports Centre and Aquadome, the ice rink and Inverness Botanic Gardens formerly known as the Floral Hall and Gardens containing tropical and desert glasshouses and a water cascade.[16] Further upstream from Bught Park is Whin Park which has a boating pond.

In Cavell Gardens near the Infirmary Bridge is Inverness war memorial which commemorates the fallen of the two world wars. The memorial is made of red sandstone and is designed in the form of a Celtic cross.[17]

Flood alleviationEdit

A major flood alleviation scheme is currently under construction in the city centre side of the river. The £8.5 million contract for this phase is being undertaken by Morgan Sindall.[18]

 
St Andrew's Cathedral on the River Ness, Inverness

The Port of InvernessEdit

The Port of Inverness is situated at the mouth of the River Ness where there is also a recently constructed marina offering mooring for private yachts and other vessels.

MiscellaneaEdit

The first claimed sighting of the Loch Ness Monster was in the River Ness in AD 565, when Saint Columba is said to have banished a "water monster" back into the river after it tried to attack one of his disciples who was swimming across the river.[19]

According to Adomnán, when Columba visited King Bridei I of Pictland at his house on the River Ness, he met a wizard named Broichan who had an Irish slave-girl that he refused to release even though Columba pleaded with him. Columba went out of Bridei's house and picked up a white pebble from the river. He said that the pebble would be used to heal many sick people in Pictland, and that Broichan was suffering for his sins at that very moment. After he had finished speaking, two messengers came to tell them that Broichan had a seizure and they wanted Columba to help them. Columba gave them the stone and said to dip it in water to give to Broichan, if he agreed to release the slave-girl. He agreed to do so, and the stone was put in water and it floated on it; the wizard drank from the water and was healed. This stone was kept by King Bridei in the royal treasury for the rest of his life, and anyone who came there for healing would be given water with the stone floating in it, and they would be healed.[20]

See alsoEdit

Coordinates: 57°29′N 4°14′W / 57.483°N 4.233°W / 57.483; -4.233

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "River Ness". Gazetteer for Scotland. Retrieved 5 April 2022.
  2. ^ "Lochs of the Ness Basin". Bathymetrical survey of the Scottish fresh-water lochs. 1910. p. 379.
  3. ^ The Ness District Salmon Fishery Board (2013). "Ness Habitat Survey Report" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 15 November 2017. Retrieved 14 November 2017.
  4. ^ a b c d MacBain, Alexander (1922). Place names Highlands & Islands of Scotland. Рипол Классик. p. 146. ISBN 9785878525244.
  5. ^ "Lochs of the Ness Basin". Bathymetrical survey of the Scottish fresh-water lochs. 1910. p. 383.
  6. ^ "RiverNessJourney". Archived from the original on 9 September 2013. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
  7. ^ "Highland Council Inverness Flooding Report" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 14 November 2013.
  8. ^ Act in Favour of Bridge Toll at Inverness 1685 Archived 22 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine, 19th century copy, Am Baile
  9. ^ "'Inverness: the Tollbooth and Old Ness Bridge', Joseph Mallord William Turner, 1831". Tate. Archived from the original on 19 February 2019. Retrieved 28 October 2021.
  10. ^ The Bridges of Inverness Archived 8 May 2013 at the Wayback Machine, Neil Fraser 2003
  11. ^ MacLennan, Scott. "VIDEO: First motorists try out Inverness's new West Link bypass". Archived from the original on 10 October 2019. Retrieved 10 October 2019.
  12. ^ "Ness Island Walk". Archived from the original on 29 November 2020. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  13. ^ Ordnance Survey Blog Archived 24 September 2015 at the Wayback Machine, "A Walk along the River Ness"
  14. ^ "Ness District Salmon Fishery Board". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  15. ^ "Welcome | Visit Inverness Loch Ness". www.visitinvernesslochness.com. Archived from the original on 22 March 2021. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  16. ^ "We Are Open! 7 days a week 10am to 4pm". Inverness Botanic Gardens. Archived from the original on 7 March 2021. Retrieved 16 March 2021.
  17. ^ "Am Baile, Inverness War Memorial". Archived from the original on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 14 February 2014.
  18. ^ "Morgan Sindall wins River Ness flood defence contract". BBC News. 12 July 2013.
  19. ^ Life of Saint Columba written by Adamnan, Ninth Abbot of that Monastery Archived 29 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine, ed. William Reeves, 1874 Book 2 Chapter 28
  20. ^ Adomnan of Iona. Life of St Columba, trans. Richard Sharpe. Penguin Books 1995.