Robert Arthur Lytton Balfour, 3rd Earl of Balfour (31 December 1902 – 28 November 1968), styled Viscount Traprain between 1930 and 1945, was a Scottish peer.
The Earl of Balfour
|Member of the House of Lords|
14 January 1945 – 28 November 1968
as a hereditary peer
|Preceded by||The 2nd Earl of Balfour|
|Succeeded by||The 4th Earl of Balfour|
|Born||31 December 1902|
|Died||28 November 1968(aged 65)|
Jean Lily West Roundel Cooke-Yarborough
|Children||4, including Gerald Balfour, 4th Earl of Balfour|
|Parent(s)||Gerald Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour|
Lady Betty Bulwer-Lytton
|Alma mater||Trinity College, Cambridge|
Balfour was the son of Gerald Balfour, 2nd Earl of Balfour, and the nephew of Arthur Balfour. He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge. He rose to the rank of Lieutenant in the service of the Royal Naval Reserve and fought in the Second World War.
On 12 February 1925, he married Jean Lily West Roundel Cooke-Yarborough (1900–1981). They had four children:
From 1952 to 1954, he chaired the Royal Commission on Scottish Affairs, which as a result is also referred to as the Balfour Commission.