The Romaka Siddhanta (Sanskrit: रोमकसिद्धान्त, romanized: Romaka Siddhānta), literally "Doctrine of the Romans", is one of the five siddhantas mentioned in Varaha Mihira's Panchasidhantika which is an Indian astronomical treatise. Romaka Siddhanta is based on the astronomical learning of Byzantine Rome. "Siddhanta" literally means "Doctrine" or "Tradition."
It follows the Yavanajataka ("Natal Astrology of the Yavana (Greek)") as an example of the transmission of Greek and Roman astronomical knowledge (especially the Alexandrian school) to India during the first centuries of our era.[clarification needed]
It is the only one of all Indian astronomical works which is based on the tropical system. It was considered one of "The Five Astronomical Canons" in Indian in the 5th century.