Archdiocese of Munich and Freising

Archidioecesis Monacensis et Frisingensis

Erzbistum München und Freising
Frauenkirche Munich - View from Peterskirche Tower2.jpg
Frauenkirche, Munich
Location
CountryGermany
Ecclesiastical provinceMunich and Freising
MetropolitanMunich, Bavaria
Statistics
Area11,998 km2 (4,632 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2016)
Increase 3,683,770
Decrease 1,732,342 (Decrease 47%)
Parishes747
Information
DenominationRoman Catholic
RiteRoman Rite
Established739
CathedralFrauenkirche
Co-cathedralFreising Cathedral
Patron saintSt. Corbinian
Current leadership
PopeFrancis
ArchbishopReinhard Marx
Archbishop of Munich and Freising
Auxiliary BishopsWolfgang Bischof, Bernhard Haßlberger
Bishops emeritusFriedrich Wetter, Franz Dietl
Map
Karte Erzbistum Muenchen-Freising.png
Website
erzbistum-muenchen-und-freising.de
Freising Cathedral
The Freising Cathedral's pipe organ
Palais Holnstein, the Archbishop's residence

The Archdiocese of Munich and Freising (German: Erzbistum München und Freising, Latin: Archidioecesis Monacensis et Frisingensis) is an ecclesiastical territory or diocese of the Roman Catholic Church in Bavaria, Germany.[1][2] It is governed by the Archbishop of Munich and Freising, who administers the see from the co-cathedral in Munich, the Frauenkirche, which is never called in German Munich Cathedral. The other, much older co-cathedral is Freising Cathedral.

The see was canonically erected in about 739 by Saint Boniface as the Diocese of Freising and later became a prince-bishopric. The diocese was dissolved in 1803 following the collapse of the Holy Roman Empire, although a titular bishop ruled until April 1, 1818, when Pope Pius VII elevated the diocese to an archdiocese with its new seat in Munich, rather than Freising.

The archdiocese is divided into forty deaneries with 758 parishes. Its suffragan bishops are the Bishop of Augsburg, the Bishop of Passau, and the Bishop of Regensburg.

The most famous archbishop was Joseph Ratzinger, who was elected as Pope Benedict XVI.

Ordinaries

The following is a selection of notable ordinaries of the Bishopric and Prince-Bishopric of Freising and the Archbishopric and Archdiocese of Munich and Freising

Bishops of Freising

  • Saint Corbinian (723–730; founded the Benedictine abbey in Freising, although the diocese was not organized until 739 by Saint Boniface)
  • Erembert (739–747; sometimes referred to as Corbinian's half brother[3])
  • Joseph of Freising, also known as Joseph of Verona (747–764)
  • Arbeo (764–783)
  • Atto (784–810)
  • Hitto (811–834)
  • Erchambert (835–854)
  • Anno (855–875)
  • Arnold (875–883)
  • Waldo (883–903)
  • Utto (903–907)
  • Dracholf (907–926)
  • Wolfram (926–937)
  • Lantbert (937–957)
  • Abraham (957–994)
  • Gottschalk (994–1006)
  • Egilbert of Moosburg (1006–1039)
  • Nitker (1039–1052)
  • Ellenhard, Count of Meran (1052–1078)
  • Meginhard, Count of Scheyern (1078–1098)
  • Heinrich I of Ebersdorf (1098–1137)
  • Otto I (1138–1158)
  • Albert I (1158–1184)
  • Otto II (1184–1220)
  • Gerold von Waldeck (1220–1230)
  • Konrad I von Tölz und Hohenburg (1230–1258)
  • Konrad II of Wittelsbach (1258–1278)
  • Friedrich von Montalban (1279–1282)
  • Emicho of Wittelsbach (1283–1311)
In 1294, the Bishop's status as a prince of the Holy Roman Empire was confirmed.

Prince-bishops of Freising

Archbishops of Munich and Freising

Auxiliary Bishops

Residence

The residence of the Archbishops of Munich and Freising is the Palais Holnstein in Munich.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Archdiocese of München und Freising {Munich}" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016
  2. ^ "Metropolitan Archdiocese of München und Freising" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016
  3. ^ Maß, Josef (2005). "Der hl. Bonifatius und das Bistum Freising". Beiträge zur altbayerischen Kirchengeschichte (in German). 48: 9–27.
  4. ^ "Bishop Albertus , O.F.M." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved July 24, 2016
  5. ^ "Bishop Johannes Frey, O.F.M" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved July 24, 2016
  6. ^ "Bishop Johannes Berger, O.E.S.A." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved July 24, 2016
  7. ^ "Bishop Erasmus Perchinger, O.F.M." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved August 8, 2016

External links

  • Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Munich (in German)
  • Catholic Encyclopedia article (history of the diocese up to Archbishop von Bettinger)

Coordinates: 48°08′19″N 11°34′26″E / 48.13861°N 11.57389°E / 48.13861; 11.57389