Rubidium bromide

Summary

Rubidium bromide
Rubidium bromide
Names
IUPAC name
Rubidium bromide
Other names
Rubidium(I) bromide
Identifiers
  • 7789-39-1 checkY
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
ChemSpider
  • 74217 checkY
ECHA InfoCard 100.029.238 Edit this at Wikidata
  • 4670918
UNII
  • 33CM31XVQQ checkY
  • DTXSID00894885 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1S/BrH.Rb/h1H;/q;+1/p-1 checkY
    Key: JAAGVIUFBAHDMA-UHFFFAOYSA-M checkY
  • InChI=1/BrH.Rb/h1H;/q;+1/p-1
    Key: JAAGVIUFBAHDMA-REWHXWOFAB
  • [Rb+].[Br-]
Properties
RbBr
Molar mass 165.372 g/mol
Appearance white crystalline solid
Density 3.350 g/cm3
Melting point 693 °C (1,279 °F; 966 K)
Boiling point 1,340 °C (2,440 °F; 1,610 K)
98 g/100 mL
−56.4·10−6 cm3/mol
Hazards
Flash point Non-flammable
Related compounds
Other anions
Rubidium fluoride
Rubidium chloride
Rubidium iodide
Rubidium astatide
Other cations
Lithium bromide
Sodium bromide
Potassium bromide
Caesium bromide
Francium bromide
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Rubidium bromide is the bromide of rubidium. It has a NaCl crystal structure, with a lattice constant of 685 picometres.[1]

There are several methods for synthesising rubidium bromide. One involves reacting rubidium hydroxide with hydrobromic acid:

RbOH + HBr → RbBr + H2O

Another method is to neutralize rubidium carbonate with hydrobromic acid:

Rb2CO3 + 2 HBr → 2 RbBr + H2O + CO2

Rubidium metal would react directly with bromine to form RbBr, but this is not a sensible production method, since rubidium metal is substantially more expensive than the carbonate or hydroxide; moreover, the reaction would be explosive.

References

  1. ^ G. Chern; J. G. Skofronick; W. P. Brug; S. A. Safron (1989). "Surface phonon modes of the RbBr(001) crystal surface by inelastic He-atom scattering". Phys. Rev. B. 39 (17): 12838–12844. doi:10.1103/PhysRevB.39.12838. PMID 9948158.
  • WebElements. URL accessed March 1, 2006.