Russian Aerospace Forces

Summary

The Russian Aerospace Forces[3] (Russian: Воздушно-космические силы, tr. Vozdushno-kosmicheskiye sily) or VKS (Russian: ВКС) comprise the air and space branch of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. Russia established the VKS as a new branch of its military on 1 August 2015 with the merging of the Russian Air Force (VVS) and the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces (VVKO) - as recommended by the Ministry of Defence. The VKS has its headquarters in Moscow.[4] Russia's Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu explained the merger as improving efficiency and logistical support.[5]

Russian Aerospace Forces
Воздушно-космические силы
Vozdushno-kosmicheskiye sily
Great emblem of the Russian Air-Cosmic Forces.svg
Emblem of the Russian Aerospace Forces
Founded1 August 2015; 6 years ago (2015-08-01)
Country Russia
TypeAir and space force
RoleAerial warfare
Space warfare
Missile defense
Size165,000 personnel (2020)[1]
Part of Russian Armed Forces
HeadquartersMoscow
PatronSaint Elijah the Prophet[2]
Colors    Blue, gold, grey
March"Air March" (Russian: "Авиамарш") (official march-past of the Air Force)
"14 Minutes Until Launch" (Russian: "14 минут до старта") (official march of the Space Forces)
AnniversariesAir Force Day
(12 August)
EngagementsIntervention in the Syrian Civil War
2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
Commanders
Commander-in-ChiefGeneral Sergei Surovikin
First Deputy Commander-in-ChiefLieutenant General Viktor Afzalov
Deputy Commander-in-ChiefLieutenant General Andrey Yudin [ru]
Notable
commanders
Col. Gen. Viktor Bondarev
Insignia
FlagFlag of Russian Aerospace Forces.svg
RoundelRoundel of Russia.svg
PatchPatch of the Russian Aerospace Forces.svg
Middle emblemMiddle emblem of the Russian Aerospace Forces.svg
InsigniaSmall emblem of the Russian Aerospace Forces.svg
President Putin presenting the banner of the Aerospace Forces to Viktor Bondarev

OrganisationEdit

Sub-branchesEdit

According to Jane's Information Group, with the merging of the Russian Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Defense Forces, the new Russian Aerospace Forces consist of three sub-branches:[6]

Main Command of the Aerospace Forces (Главное командование Воздушно-космическими силами)
Command Staff
Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces
(Главнокомандующий Воздушно-космическими силами)
Army general / Colonel general
Chief of the Main Staff - First Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Aerospace Forces
(Начальник Главного штаба — первый заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами)
Colonel general / Lieutenant general
Deputy Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces
(Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами)
Colonel general / Lieutenant general
Chiefs of branches, deputy commanders:
Commander of the Air Force, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Aerospace Forces

(Командующий Военно-воздушными силами — заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами)

Colonel general / Lieutenant general

Commander of the Aerospace and Missile Defense Forces, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Aerospace Forces

(Командующий Войсками противовоздушной и противоракетной обороны — заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами)

Colonel general / Lieutenant general

Commander of the Space Forces, Deputy Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces

(Командующий Космическими войсками — заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами)

Colonel general / Lieutenant general

Functional deputy commanders:
Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Aerospace Forces for Military-Political Work (Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами по военно-политической работе)

Major general

Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Aerospace Forces for Logistics (Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами по материально-техническому обеспечению)

Major general

Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Aerospace Forces for Armaments (Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами по вооружению)

Major general

LeadershipEdit

As of January 2020:
Position Name Start date End date
Commander of the Aerospace Forces Colonel General Viktor Bondarev 1 August 2015 26 September 2017
Lieutenant General Pavel Kurachenko (acting) 26 September 22 November 2017
Colonel General Sergei Surovikin 22 November 2017
First Deputy Commander of the Aerospace Forces
(Chief of the General Staff)
Lieutenant General Pavel Kurachenko 1 September 2015 unknown[6]
Lieutenant General Viktor Afzalov unknown
Deputy Commanders of the Aerospace Forces
Commander of the Air Force Lieutenant General Andrei Yudin 1 September 2015 c. July 2019
Lieutenant General Sergei Dronov c. July 2019
Commander of the Aerospace and Missile Defense Forces Lieutenant General Viktor Gumyonny 1 September 2015 2018
Lieutenant General Yury Grekhov 2018
Commander of the Space Forces Colonel General Aleksandr Golovko 1 September 2015[6]
Deputy Commander for Work with Personnel Major General Andrei Kazakevich unknown unknown
Major General Aleksandr Maksimtsev 2019
Deputy Commander for Logistics Lieutenant General Vladimir Trishunkin unknown unknown
Major General Zabit Kheirbekov unknown
Deputy Commander for Armaments Colonel Andrei Medvedkov unknown unknown
Major General Sergei Meshcheryakov unknown

Order of BattleEdit

The Aerospace Forces are organised in air armies.

Air Forces High Command (Главное командование ВВС) (Moscow)

Air Defence and Anti-Ballistic Missile Defence Forces Command (Командование войск ПВО-ПРО) (Moscow)

  • 1st Order of Lenin Air Defence and Anti-Ballistic Missile Defence Army (Special Purpose) (1-я ордена Ленина армия противовоздушной и противоракетной обороны (особого назначения)) (Balashikha, Moscow Oblast) - air cover of the Moscow area

Space Forces Command (Командование космических войск) (Krasnoznamensk)

  • 15th Aerospace Forces Army (Special Purpose) (15-я армия Воздушно-космических сил (особого назначения)) (Krasnoznamensk)
  • 1st State Test Cosmodrome of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defence "Plesetsk" (1-й Государственный испытательный космодром Министерства обороны Российской Федерации «Плесецк»)
  • Space Forces Arsenal (Арсенал космических войск) (Znamenka-1 village, Tambov Oblast)

Ranks and rank insigniaEdit

Officer ranks
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Russian Aerospace Forces[8]
                       
Генера́л а́рмии
Generál ármii
Генера́л-полко́вник
Generál-polkóvnik
Генера́л-лейтена́нт
Generál-leytenánt
Генера́л-майо́р
Generál-mayór
Полко́вник
Polkóvnik
Подполко́вник
Podpolkóvnik
Майо́р
Majór
Kапита́н
Kapitán
Старший лейтена́нт
Stárshiy leytenánt
Лейтенант
Leytenant
Mла́дший лейтена́нт
Mládshiy leytenánt
Курсант
Kursant
Other ranks
Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
  Russian Aerospace Forces[8]
               
Ста́рший пра́порщик
Stárshiy práporshchik
Пра́порщик
Práporshchyk
Старшина́
Starshyná
Ста́рший сержа́нт
Stárshiy serzhánt
Сержа́нт
Serzhánt
Мла́дший сержа́нт
Mládshiy serzhánt
Ефре́йтор
Efréĭtor
Рядово́й
Ryadovóy

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 2021-04-17. Retrieved 2021-04-09.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ Main Cathedral of Russian Armed Forces. Archived 2019-02-02 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 2019-02-02.
  3. ^ "Russia establishes Aerospace Forces as new armed service — Defense Minister". Archived from the original on 2017-03-21. Retrieved 2017-03-20.
  4. ^ Шойгу объявил о создании нового вида ВС - Воздушно-космических сил Archived 2015-08-05 at the Wayback Machine, ria.ru/defense, 3 August 2015
  5. ^ Compare: Russia establishes Aerospace Forces as new armed service — Defense Minister Archived 2016-05-13 at the Wayback Machine, tass.ru, 3 August 2015. - "'The formation of the Aerospace Forces by combining the Air Force and the Aerospace Defense Force is the optimal option for improving the system of the country's aerospace defense,' Shoigu said. [...] 'Now the single command unites aviation, air defense and anti-missile defense troops, space forces and means of the armed forces' [...]."
  6. ^ a b c Russia creates new Aerospace Force service branch Archived 2015-12-27 at the Wayback Machine, janes.com, 4 August 2015
  7. ^ "Air and Missile Defence Forces". Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. Archived from the original on 2018-07-23. Retrieved 23 July 2018.
  8. ^ a b "Указ Президента Российской Федерации от 11 марта 2010 года № 293 "О военной форме одежды, знаках различия военнослужащих и ведомственных знаках отличия"". rg.ru (in Russian). Российской газеты. 12 March 2010. Retrieved 26 May 2021.

External linksEdit

  • Russian Aerospace Forces official site (English)