Russian Aerospace Forces

Summary

Russian Aerospace Forces
Воздушно-космические силы
Vozdushno-kosmicheskiye sily
Great emblem of the Russian Air-Cosmic Forces.svg
Emblem of the Russian Aerospace Forces
Founded1 August 2015 (2015-08-01)
Country Russia
TypeAir and Space force
RoleAir and Space warfare
Size430,000 personnel (2019)[1]
Part ofRussian Armed Forces
HeadquartersMoscow
PatronSaint Elijah the Prophet[2]
ColorsBlue and gold   
March"Air March" (Russian: "Авиамарш") (official march past of the Air Force)
"14 Minutes Until Launch" (Russian: "14 минут до старта") (official march of the Space Forces)
AnniversariesAir Force Day (12 August)
EngagementsIntervention in the Syrian Civil War
Commanders
Commander-in-ChiefCol. Gen. Sergei Surovikin
First Deputy Commander-in-ChiefLt. Gen. Viktor Afzalov
Deputy Commander-in-ChiefLt. Gen. Andrey Yudin [ru]
Notable
commanders
Col. Gen. Viktor Bondarev
Insignia
FlagFlag of the Russian Aerospace Forces.svg
RoundelRoundel of Russia.svg
PatchPatch of the Russian Aerospace Forces.svg

The Russian Aerospace Forces[3] or VKS (Russian: Воздушно-космические силы, tr. Vozdushno-kosmicheskiye sily) are the Aerospace Forces of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. It was established as a new branch on 1 August 2015 with the merging of the Russian Air Force (VVS) and the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces (VVKO) under the recommendations of the Ministry of Defence. It is headquartered in Moscow.[4] Several reasons were announced for the merging, including greater efficiency and logistical support.[5]

Organisation

Sub-branches

According to Jane's Information Group, with the merging of the Russian Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Defense Forces, the new Russian Aerospace Forces consist of three sub-branches:[6]

Command Staff
Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces
(Главнокомандующий Воздушно-космическими силами) Colonel general

Chief of General Staff - First Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Aerospace Forces
(Начальник Главного штаба — первый заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами) Lieutenant general
Deputy Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces
(Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами) Colonel general / Lieutenant general
Chief of the Main Aerospace Forces Staff — Deputy Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces
(Начальник Главного штаба — Заместитель Главнокомандующего
Воздушно-космическими силами
) Major general

Chief of General Staff - First Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Aerospace Forces

(Начальник Главного штаба — первый заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами)

Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Aerospace Forces

(Заместитель главнокомандующего Аэрокосмическими войсками)

Deputy Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces, Chief of the Air Force

(Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами — командующий Военно-воздушными силами)

Deputy Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces, Chief of Air and Missile Defence Forces

(Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами — командующий Войсками противовоздушной и противоракетной обороны)

Deputy Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces, Chief of Space Forces

(Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами — командующий Космическими войсками)

Deputy Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces, Chief of Military-Political Work (Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами по военно-политической работе) Deputy Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces, Chief of Logistics (Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами по материально-техническому обеспечению) Deputy Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces, Chief of Armaments (Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами по вооружению)

Leadership

As of January 2020:

Commander of the Aerospace Forces:

  • Colonel General Viktor Bondarev (1 August 2015 – 26 September 2017)
  • Lieutenant General Pavel Kurachenko (acting) (26 September – 22 November 2017)
  • Colonel General Sergei Surovikin (22 November 2017 – )

First Deputy Commander of the Aerospace Forces:

  • Lieutenant General Pavel Kurachenko (1 September 2015 – unknown end date),[6] Chief of the General Staff
  • Lieutenant General Viktor Afzalov (unknown start date – ), Chief of the General Staff

Deputy Commanders of the Aerospace Forces:

  • Lieutenant General Andrei Yudin (1 September 2015 – ), Deputy Commander of the Aerospace Forces; since August 2019
  • Lieutenant General Sergei Dronov (1 September 2015 – ), Commander of the Air Force; since August 2019
  • Lieutenant General Viktor Gumyonny (1 September 2015 – 2018), Commander of the Aerospace and Missile Defense Forces
  • Lieutenant General Yury Grekhov (2018 – ), Commander of the Air and Missile Defense Forces
  • Colonel General Aleksandr Golovko (1 September 2015 – ),[6] Commander of the Space Forces
  • Major General Andrei Kazakevich (unknown start date – unknown end date), Deputy Commander for Work with Personnel
  • Major General Aleksandr Maksimtsev (2019 – ), Deputy Commander for Military-Political Work
  • Lieutenant General Vladimir Trishunkin (unknown start date – unknown end date), Deputy Commander for Logistics
  • Major General Zabit Kheirbekov (unknown start date – ), Deputy Commander for Logistics
  • Colonel Andrei Medvedkov (unknown start date – unknown end date), Deputy Commander for Armaments
  • Major General Sergei Meshcheryakov (unknown start date – ), Deputy Commander for Armaments

Order of Battle

The Aerospace Forces are organised in air armies.

Air Forces High Command (Главное командование ВВС) (Moscow)

Air Defence and Anti-Ballistic Missile Defence Forces Command (Командование войск ПВО-ПРО) (Moscow)

  • 1st Order of Lenin Air Defence and Anti-Ballistic Missile Defence Army (Special Purpose) (1-я ордена Ленина армия противовоздушной и противоракетной обороны (особого назначения)) (Balashikha, Moscow Oblast) - air cover of the Moscow area

Space Forces Command (Командование космических войск) (Krasnoznamensk)

  • 15th Aerospace Forces Army (Special Purpose) (15-я армия Воздушно-космических сил (особого назначения)) (Krasnoznamensk)
  • 1st State Test Cosmodrome of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defence "Plesetsk" (1-й Государственный испытательный космодром Министерства обороны Российской Федерации «Плесецк»)
  • Space Forces Arsenal (Арсенал космических войск) (Znamenka-1 village, Tambov Oblast)

See also

References

  1. ^ https://aif.ru/dontknows/infographics/vozdushno-kosmicheskie_sily_rossiyskoy_federacii_infografika
  2. ^ Main Cathedral of Russian Armed Forces. Retrieved 2019-02-02.
  3. ^ "Russia establishes Aerospace Forces as new armed service — Defense Minister". Archived from the original on 2017-03-21. Retrieved 2017-03-20.
  4. ^ Шойгу объявил о создании нового вида ВС - Воздушно-космических сил Archived 2015-08-05 at the Wayback Machine, ria.ru/defense, 3 August 2015
  5. ^ Russia establishes Aerospace Forces as new armed service — Defense Minister, tass.ru, 3 August 2015
  6. ^ a b c Russia creates new Aerospace Force service branch Archived 2015-12-27 at the Wayback Machine, janes.com, 4 August 2015
  7. ^ "Air and Missile Defence Forces". Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. Archived from the original on 2018-07-23. Retrieved 23 July 2018.

External links

  • Russian Aerospace Forces official site (English)