Russian Aerospace Forces

Summary

Russian Aerospace Forces
Воздушно-космические силы
Vozdushno-kosmicheskiye sily
Great emblem of the Russian Air-Cosmic Forces.svg
Emblem of the Russian Aerospace Forces
Founded1 August 2015 (2015-08-01)
Country Russia
TypeAir and Space force
RoleAir and Space warfare
Size165,000 personnel (2020)[1]
Part of Russian Armed Forces
HeadquartersMoscow
PatronSaint Elijah the Prophet[2]
ColorsBlue, Gold, Gray    
March"Air March" (Russian: "Авиамарш") (official march past of the Air Force)
"14 Minutes Until Launch" (Russian: "14 минут до старта") (official march of the Space Forces)
AnniversariesAir Force Day (12 August)
EngagementsIntervention in the Syrian Civil War
Commanders
Commander-in-Chief Col. Gen. Sergei Surovikin
First Deputy Commander-in-Chief Lt. Gen. Viktor Afzalov
Deputy Commander-in-Chief Lt. Gen. Andrey Yudin [ru]
Notable
commanders
Col. Gen. Viktor Bondarev
Insignia
FlagFlag of Russian Aerospace Forces.svg
RoundelRoundel of Russia.svg
PatchPatch of the Russian Aerospace Forces.svg
Middle emblemMiddle emblem of the Russian Aerospace Forces.svg
InsigniaSmall emblem of the Russian Aerospace Forces.svg
President Putin presenting the banner of the Aerospace Forces to Viktor Bondarev

The Russian Aerospace Forces[3] or VKS (Russian: Воздушно-космические силы, tr. Vozdushno-kosmicheskiye sily) are the aerospace forces of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. It was established as a new branch on 1 August 2015 with the merging of the Russian Air Force (VVS) and the Russian Aerospace Defence Forces (VVKO) under the recommendations of the Ministry of Defence. It is headquartered in Moscow.[4] Several reasons were announced for the merging, including greater efficiency and logistical support.[5]

Organisation

Sub-branches

According to Jane's Information Group, with the merging of the Russian Air Force and the Russian Aerospace Defense Forces, the new Russian Aerospace Forces consist of three sub-branches:[6]

Main Command of the Aerospace Forces (Главное командование Воздушно-космическими силами)
Command Staff
Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces
(Главнокомандующий Воздушно-космическими силами)
Colonel general
Chief of the Main Staff - First Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Aerospace Forces
(Начальник Главного штаба — первый заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами)
Colonel general / Lieutenant general
Deputy Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces
(Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами)
Colonel general / Lieutenant general
Chiefs of branches, deputy commanders:
Commander of the Air Force, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Aerospace Forces

(Командующий Военно-воздушными силами — заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами)

Colonel general / Lieutenant general

Commander of the Aerospace and Missile Defense Forces, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Aerospace Forces

(Командующий Войсками противовоздушной и противоракетной обороны — заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами)

Colonel general / Lieutenant general

Commander of the Space Forces, Deputy Commander-in-Chief Aerospace Forces

(Командующий Космическими войсками — заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами)

Colonel general / Lieutenant general

Functional deputy commanders:
Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Aerospace Forces for Military-Political Work (Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами по военно-политической работе)

Major general

Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Aerospace Forces for Logistics (Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами по материально-техническому обеспечению)

Major general

Deputy Commander-in-Chief of Aerospace Forces for Armaments (Заместитель Главнокомандующего Воздушно-космическими силами по вооружению)

Major general

Leadership

As of January 2020:
Position Name Start date End date
Commander of the Aerospace Forces Colonel General Viktor Bondarev 1 August 2015 26 September 2017
Lieutenant General Pavel Kurachenko (acting) 26 September 22 November 2017
Colonel General Sergei Surovikin 22 November 2017
First Deputy Commander of the Aerospace Forces
(Chief of the General Staff)
Lieutenant General Pavel Kurachenko 1 September 2015 unknown[6]
Lieutenant General Viktor Afzalov unknown
Deputy Commanders of the Aerospace Forces
Commander of the Air Force Lieutenant General Andrei Yudin 1 September 2015 c. July 2019
Lieutenant General Sergei Dronov c. July 2019
Commander of the Aerospace and Missile Defense Forces Lieutenant General Viktor Gumyonny 1 September 2015 2018
Lieutenant General Yury Grekhov 2018
Commander of the Space Forces Colonel General Aleksandr Golovko 1 September 2015[6]
Deputy Commander for Work with Personnel Major General Andrei Kazakevich unknown unknown
Major General Aleksandr Maksimtsev 2019
Deputy Commander for Logistics Lieutenant General Vladimir Trishunkin unknown unknown
Major General Zabit Kheirbekov unknown
Deputy Commander for Armaments Colonel Andrei Medvedkov unknown unknown
Major General Sergei Meshcheryakov unknown

Order of Battle

The Aerospace Forces are organised in air armies.

Air Forces High Command (Главное командование ВВС) (Moscow)

Air Defence and Anti-Ballistic Missile Defence Forces Command (Командование войск ПВО-ПРО) (Moscow)

  • 1st Order of Lenin Air Defence and Anti-Ballistic Missile Defence Army (Special Purpose) (1-я ордена Ленина армия противовоздушной и противоракетной обороны (особого назначения)) (Balashikha, Moscow Oblast) - air cover of the Moscow area

Space Forces Command (Командование космических войск) (Krasnoznamensk)

  • 15th Aerospace Forces Army (Special Purpose) (15-я армия Воздушно-космических сил (особого назначения)) (Krasnoznamensk)
  • 1st State Test Cosmodrome of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defence "Plesetsk" (1-й Государственный испытательный космодром Министерства обороны Российской Федерации «Плесецк»)
  • Space Forces Arsenal (Арсенал космических войск) (Znamenka-1 village, Tambov Oblast)

Ranks and rank insignia

Officer ranks
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of the Russian Aerospace Forces.svg Russian Aerospace Forces
No equivalent Russia-Airforce-OF-9-2013.svg Russia-Airforce-OF-8-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OF-7-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OF-6-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OF-5-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OF-4-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OF-3-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OF-2-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OF-1c-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OF-1b-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OF-1a-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OF-(D)-2010.svg
Army general
генера́л а́рмии
Colonel general
генера́л-полко́вник
Lieutenant general
генера́л-лейтена́нт
Major general
генера́л-майо́р
Colonel
полко́вник
Lieutenant colonel
подполко́вник
Major
майо́р
Captain
капита́н
Senior lieutenant
ста́рший лейтена́нт
Lieutenant
лейтена́нт
Junior lieutenant
мла́дший лейтена́нт
Cadet
Курсант
Other ranks
Equivalent
NATO code
OF-10 OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-6 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1 OF(D) and student officer
Flag of the Russian Aerospace Forces.svg Russian Aerospace Forces
Russia-Airforce-OR-9b-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OR-9a-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OR-8-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OR-6-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OR-5-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OR-4-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OR-2-2010.svg Russia-Airforce-OR-1-2010.svg
Senior warrant officer
Ста́рший пра́порщик
Warrant officer
Пра́порщик
Master sergeant
Старшина́
Senior sergeant
Ста́рший сержа́нт
Sergeant
Сержа́нт
Junior sergeant
Мла́дший сержа́нт
Corporal
Ефре́йтор
Private
Рядово́й

See also

References

  1. ^ https://fas.org/sgp/crs/row/IF11603.pdf
  2. ^ Main Cathedral of Russian Armed Forces. Retrieved 2019-02-02.
  3. ^ "Russia establishes Aerospace Forces as new armed service — Defense Minister". Archived from the original on 2017-03-21. Retrieved 2017-03-20.
  4. ^ Шойгу объявил о создании нового вида ВС - Воздушно-космических сил Archived 2015-08-05 at the Wayback Machine, ria.ru/defense, 3 August 2015
  5. ^ Russia establishes Aerospace Forces as new armed service — Defense Minister, tass.ru, 3 August 2015
  6. ^ a b c Russia creates new Aerospace Force service branch Archived 2015-12-27 at the Wayback Machine, janes.com, 4 August 2015
  7. ^ "Air and Missile Defence Forces". Ministry of Defence of the Russian Federation. Archived from the original on 2018-07-23. Retrieved 23 July 2018.

External links

  • Russian Aerospace Forces official site (English)