|Service branch|| Russian Ground Forces|
Russian Air Force
|NATO rank code||OR-1|
|Next higher rank||Yefreytor|
|Next lower rank||None|
|Equivalent ranks||Matros (Navy)|
Ryadovoy (Russian: рядово́й, en: private) in the Army, Airborne troops, and Air Force of the Russian Federation is the designation of a member of the rank group of enlisted personnel. The rank is equivalent to matros (Russian: матрос) in the Russian Navy. In terms of the NATO rank-system the rank might be comparable to OR-1 in Anglophone armed forces.
The Imperial Russian Army used the designation ryadovoy before 1917. The word ryadovoy relates to the Russian ryad (Russian: ряд), which in a military context means "file" or "rank" (in the sense of "rank and file"). The rank re-appeared in the newly named Soviet Army in 1946, replacing the rank of "Red Army man" (Russian: красноармеец, romanized: krasnoarmeyets) used in the Red Army from 1918 to 1946.
In the armed forces of the Soviet Union (and later in those of the Russian Federation) yefreytor is the second-lowest rank of enlisted personnel. Using the NATO rank-system, the rank might be comparable to OR-4 in Anglophone armed forces.
In the USSR Armed Forces the rank designation Ryadovoy was introduced in 1946. From 1919 to 1946 the designation to this particular OR1 rank was Krasnoarmeyets (literal: Red Army man or Red Army Soldier).
|— Krasnoarmeyets —||— Ryadovoy —|
|shoulder board field (1946–1955)||shoulder board
Motorized Rifle Troops Army
|AB Troops, AF and ADF|
In the countries below, spelling is similar and the classification to a separate rank group is equivalent.
|Sequence of ranks|