History
Name:
  • 1930-1941: TSS Amsterdam
  • 1941-1944: HMHS Amsterdam
Operator:
Builder: John Brown, Clydebank
Yard number: 529
Launched: 30 January 1930
Out of service: 7 August 1944
Identification: British Official Number 161037
Fate: Sunk
General characteristics
Tonnage: 4,220 gross register tons (GRT)
Length: 350.8 feet (106.9 m)
Beam: 50.1 feet (15.3 m)
Depth: 26 feet (7.9 m)

TSS Amsterdam was a passenger and freight vessel built for the London and North Eastern Railway in 1930.[1]

History

The ship was built by John Brown on Clydebank. She was one of an order for three ships, the others being Vienna and Prague. She was launched on 30 January 1930.

On 14 October 1932 she brought Prince George, Duke of Kent back from his tour of Denmark, Sweden and the Netherlands.[2]

In September 1939 the Second World War the ship was requisitioned by the Ministry of War Transport for troop transport[3]. By 1944, she had been converted to a LSI(H) - Landing Ship Infantry (Hand-hoisting). She carried elements of the United States 2nd Ranger Battalion to Pointe du Hoc on D-day.[4]

By 19 July 1944, she had been converted to a hospital ship[5]. On 7 August 1944, she was sunk by a mine while taking casualties from Juno Beach, Calvados, France[6]. A total of 55 patients, ten Royal Army Medical Corps staff, 30 crew and eleven prisoners of war were killed.[7][8]

See also

References

  1. ^ Duckworth, Christian Leslie Dyce; Langmuir, Graham Easton (1968). Railway and other Steamers. Prescot, Lancashire: T. Stephenson and Sons.
  2. ^ "The Prince's Return". Derby Daily Telegraph. England. 14 October 1932. Retrieved 6 November 2015 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  3. ^ http://forums.clydemaritime.co.uk/viewtopic.php?t=7462
  4. ^ Page 614. Sand and Steel: The D-Day Invasions and the Liberation of France. By Peter Caddick-Adams. Oxford University Press, 2019
  5. ^ http://forums.clydemaritime.co.uk/viewtopic.php?t=7462
  6. ^ wartimememoriesproject.com/ww2/ships/ship.php?pid=6121
  7. ^ "HMS Amsterdam II [+1944]". wrecksite.eu. Retrieved 8 October 2013.
  8. ^ Haws, Duncan (1993). Britain's Railway Steamers – Eastern and North Western Companies + Zeeland and Stena. Merchant Fleets. 25. Hereford: TCL Publications. ISBN 0-946378-22-3.