RedOakVictory-2013-07-20.jpg
Typical Victory ship
History
Name: Logan Victory
Namesake: Logan, Utah
Owner: War Shipping Administration
Operator: American-Hawaiian Steamship Company
Builder: Permanente Metals Yard No. 1, Richmond, California
Laid down: November 25, 1944
Launched: January 16, 1945
Completed: February 6, 1945
Fate: Sank in battle April 6, 1945, at Okinawa
General characteristics
Type: Victory ship
Displacement: 7,725 long tons (7,849 t) (light)
Length: 139 m (456 ft)
Beam: 18.9 m (62 ft)
Draft: 7 m (23 ft)
Propulsion: Westinghouse steam turbines, single shaft, 8,500 hp (6,300 kW)
Speed: 17.5 knots (32.4 km/h) maximum sustained, 21 knots emergency
Range: 12,500 nmi (23,200 km; 14,400 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Complement:
  • 62 Merchant Marine and 28 US Naval Armed Guards as Victory ship.
  • 358 officers and men
Armament:
Notes: [1]

SS Logan Victory was a cargo Victory ship built for World War II under the Emergency Shipbuilding program. The Logan Victory was launched January 16, 1945, by Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond, California and completed on February 6, 1945. She was operated by the American-Hawaiian Steamship Company under the United States Maritime Commission.[2]

World War II

SS Logan Victory steamed from San Francisco, California on February 18, 1945, to join the Pacific War efforts. Logan Victory had the job of delivering 6,000 pounds (2,700 kg) of ammunition for troops in the Pacific during World War II. The ship steamed to Okinawa for the Battle of Okinawa that lasted from April 1 to 6, 1945. On April 6, 1945, she was anchored off Kuba Island, just off Tokashiki Island and Aka Island near Okinawa. USS Strategy shot down a kamikaze attack plane coming at the fleet. Although the plane was hit with gunfire and caught on fire, it banked and hit the superstructure of Logan Victory at 4:47PM. The ship burst into flames and the fire grew. All of her lifeboats were lowered into the sea and the order was given to abandon ship 10 minutes after the kamikaze hit.. Her cargo caught fire and the ammunition caused a large explosion. She sank quickly at 26°10′N 127°16′E / 26.167°N 127.267°E / 26.167; 127.267. In the explosion twelve of her civilian crew and three of her armed guards were killed, including the ship's captain, Edson Baxter Cates.[3] In the same attack the landing ship tank USS LST-447 sank. Just after this attack SS Hobbs Victory, also loaded with 6,000 pounds of ammunition was hit and sank. SS Pierre Victory was able to shot down one plane and move away from the burning ships. All these ammunition ships: SS Logan Victory, SS Hobbs Victory, SS Pierre Victory and USS LST-447 used their deck guns and were able to stop some of the kamikaze planes from attacking. The Victory ships used their 50 caliber guns, 20 mm Oerlikon cannons and at longer ranges the larger 5-inch guns. The LST also had 20 mm Oerlikon cannon to use against the attackers. These ships with over 18,000 pounds of ammunition were sent to anchorage off Kuba Island, so they would not be anchorage next to the other fleet ships. They were to be called in as needed to resupply the fleet and shore troops.[4][5][6][7][8][9][10][11]

Logan Victory, one of three Victory ships lost to kamikazes during the invasion of Okinawa, diminished the supplies of the invasion fleet. The three Victory ships were carrying a total of 24,000 tons (54 million pounds) of ammunition. This including most of the 81 mm mortar shells needed for the invasion.

The ammunition ship SS Saginaw Victory arrived April 12, 1945, at Okinawa to replace the ammunition lost on the Victory ships. More ammunition ships were not needed as the war came to an end without the invasion of Japan, called Operation Downfall.[12] Logan Victory was one of forty-seven ships sunk by kamikaze attack during World War II. The other ammunition ship at Okinawa was the SS Berea Victory[13][14]

Honors

Crew of the Naval Armed Guard on SS Logan Victory earned "Battle Stars" in World War II for war action during the assault and occupation of Okinawa from April 26 to May 8, 1945. She used her deck guns to defend herself and other ship in action.[15]

See also

References

  1. ^ Babcock & Wilcox (April 1944). "Victory Ships". Marine Engineering and Shipping Review.
  2. ^ National Parks, Victory ships
  3. ^ Chronological List of U.S. Ships Sunk or Damaged during 1945, Ships sunk or damaged during 1945 -- 182 ships
  4. ^ SS Hobbs Victory
  5. ^ Merchant Marine Survivors of World War II: Oral Histories of Cargo Carrying, By Michael Gillen, page 118
  6. ^ usmm.org, Battle Pacific
  7. ^ The American Victory
  8. ^ Braving the Wartime Seas, By The American Maritime History Project, page 218
  9. ^ MARINERS, THE WEBSITE OF THE MARINERS MAILING LIST
  10. ^ American-Hawaiian Steamship Co. in WWII
  11. ^ A Cargo Doomed to Boom, by John Laughton
  12. ^ US Navy, Armed Guard Service
  13. ^ "kamikaze Attackes".
  14. ^ "47 Ships Sunk by Kamikaze Aircraft".
  15. ^ "Battle Stars" in World War II.

Sources

  • Sawyer, L.A. and W.H. Mitchell. Victory ships and tankers: The history of the 'Victory' type cargo ships and of the tankers built in the United States of America during World War II, Cornell Maritime Press, 1974, 0-87033-182-5.
  • United States Maritime Commission: [1]
  • Victory Cargo Ships [2]