Components of the ATLAS-2 laboratory in the payload bay of Discovery
|Mission duration||9 days, 06 hours, 08 minutes, 24 seconds|
|Distance travelled||6,202,407 kilometers (3,853,997 mi)|
|Spacecraft||Space Shuttle Discovery|
|Landing mass||93,683 kilograms (206,536 lb)|
|Payload mass||7,026 kilograms (15,490 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||8 April 1993, 05:29:00UTC|
|Launch site||Kennedy LC-39B|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||17 April 1993, 11:37:19UTC|
|Landing site||Kennedy SLF Runway 33|
|Perigee altitude||291 kilometres (181 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||299 kilometres (186 mi)|
Left to right - Seated: Oswald, Cameron; Standing: Cockrell, Foale, Ochoa
|Commander|| Kenneth D. Cameron|
|Pilot|| Stephen S. Oswald|
|Mission Specialist 1|| C. Michael Foale|
|Mission Specialist 2|| Kenneth D. Cockrell|
|Mission Specialist 3|| Ellen Ochoa|
The primary payload of the flight was the Atmospheric Laboratory for Applications and Science-2 (ATLAS-2), designed to collect data on the relationship between the sun's energy output and Earth's middle atmosphere and how these factors affect the ozone layer. It included six instruments mounted on a Spacelab pallet in the cargo bay, with the seventh mounted on the wall of the bay in two Get Away Special canisters. Atmospheric instruments included the Atmospheric Trace Molecule Spectroscopy (ATMOS) experiment, the Millimeter Wave Atmospheric Sounder (MAS), and the Shuttle Solar Backscatter Ultraviolet/A (SSBUV/A) spectrometer (on the cargo bay wall). Solar science instruments were the Solar Spectrum Measurement (SOLSPEC) instrument, the Solar Ultraviolet Irradiance Monitor (SUSIM), and the Active Cavity Radiometer (ACR) and Solar Constant (SOLCON) experiments.
On 11 April, the crew used the remote manipulator arm to deploy the Shuttle Point Autonomous Research Tool for Astronomy-201 (SPARTAN-201), a free-flying science instrument platform designed to study velocity and acceleration of the solar wind and observe the sun's corona. Collected data was stored on tape for playback after return to Earth. SPARTAN-201 was retrieved on 13 April.
The crew also made numerous radio contacts to schools around the world using the Shuttle Amateur Radio Experiment II (SAREX II), including brief radio contact with the Russian Mir space station, the first such contact between Shuttle and Mir using amateur radio equipment.
It was arguably the first time that the astronauts received amateur television video from the ham radio club station (W5RRR) at JSC.
Other cargo bay payloads were the Solar Ultraviolet Experiment (SUVE), sponsored by Colorado Space Grant Consortium and located in a Get Away Special canister on the cargo bay wall.
The middeck payloads were the Commercial Materials Dispersion Apparatus Instrumentation Technology Associates Experiment (CMIX), the Physiological and Anatomical Rodent Experiment (PARE), Space Tissue Loss (STL-1) experiment, the Cosmic Ray Effects and Activation Monitor (CREAM) experiment. the Hand-held, Earth-oriented, Real-time, Cooperative, User-friendly, Location-targeting and Environmental System (HERCULES), Radiation Monitoring Equipment III (RME III), and an Air Force Maui Optical Site (AMOS) calibration test.
Launch of STS-56
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.