Mission typeTechnology
Mission duration2 years (planned)[1]
Failed to orbit
Spacecraft properties
Launch mass100 kilograms (220 lb)[2]
Start of mission
Launch date10 June 2010, 08:01 (2010-06-10UTC08:01Z) UTC[3]
Launch siteNaro
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth (planned)
Failed to orbit
Perigee altitude300 kilometres (190 mi)[2]
Apogee altitude1,500 kilometres (930 mi)[2]
Inclination80 degrees[2]

STSAT-2B, or Science and Technology Satellite 2B, was a South Korean satellite which was lost in the failure of the second flight of the Naro-1 carrier rocket. It was to have been operated by the Korea Aerospace Research Institute, and was intended to demonstrate technology for future spacecraft. The satellite had a mass of 100 kilograms (220 lb),[2] and was expected to operate for at least two years.[1]

STSAT-2B was originally intended to operate alongside a second spacecraft, STSAT-2A; however STSAT-2A was lost in 2009 after the payload fairing of its carrier rocket failed to separate, leaving the rocket unable to achieve orbit.[4]


The primary instrument aboard STSAT-2B was the Dual-channel Radiometer for Earth and Atmosphere Monitoring, or DREAM, which would have measured the brightness temperature of the Earth at 23.8 GHz and 37 GHz.[5] The secondary payload, the Laser Retroreflector Array or LRA was to have been used for the Satellite Laser Ranging experiment, which was intended to determine the parameters of the satellite's orbit with a greater degree of precision. Data collected by the secondary payload would have been used to calibrate DREAM, to conduct geodetic research, and to evaluate the performance of the carrier rocket.[1] Due to lower manufacturing tolerance, the retroreflectors on STSAT-2B would have provided greater precision than those intended on STSAT-2A.[6]

A series of technological experiments were also to have been conducted; investigating attitude control systems, and testing pulsed plasma thrusters, star trackers, a Sun sensor, as well as an experimental onboard computer, and data relay at rates of up to 10 megabits per second.[1]


STSAT-2B was launched by a Naro-1 rocket, flying from the Naro Space Centre. The launch was the second flight of the Naro-1, which consisted of a modified Angara first stage manufactured by Khrunichev,[7] and a South Korean solid-fuelled upper stage. The previous Naro-1 launch was that of STSAT-2A, which occurred in August 2009 and ended in failure.[4]

The launch was initially scheduled to occur on 9 June 2010, during a two-hour launch window opening at 07:30 UTC (16:30 local time). Further launch attempts were available at the same time each day until 19 June 2010.[8] The launch attempt on 9 June 2010 was scrubbed after the launch pad's fire suppression system activated for no apparent reason.

Following the scrub, the launch was rescheduled for the next day, and took place at 08:01 UTC (17:01 local time) on 10 June 2010.[3] During the first stage burn, around 137 seconds into the flight, contact with the rocket was lost.[9] South Korean science minister Ahn Byung-man later told reporters that the rocket was believed to have exploded.[10] If the launch had been successful, STSAT-2B would have been deployed into an orbit with a perigee of approximately 300 kilometres (190 mi), an apogee of approximately 1,500 kilometres (930 mi), and around 80 degrees of inclination.[2]

Flight termination system malfunction


  1. ^ a b c d Noll, Carey. "ILRS Mission Support Status". STSAT-2 Satellite Information. NASA. Archived from the original on 25 May 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d e f Noll, Carey. "STSAT-2". STSAT-2 Satellite Information. NASA. Archived from the original on 16 May 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
  3. ^ a b "(rocket launch) S. Korea's Naro-1 rocket lifts off from space center". Yonhap News. 10 June 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2010.
  4. ^ a b Lee Joon-seung (26 August 2010). "S. Korean satellite lost shortly after launch: gov't". Yonhap News Agency. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
  5. ^ Dual-channel radiometers for Earth and atmosphere monitoring (DREAM) on micro satellite STSAT-2
  6. ^ Noll, Carey. "RetroReflector Array (RRA) Characteristics". STSAT-2 Satellite Information. NASA. Archived from the original on 24 May 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
  7. ^ "First-Stage Engine of Naro-1 to Arrive on Weekend". Arirang. 2 April 2010. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
  8. ^ Jang Ji-yun (20 April 2010). "Korea to Launch 2nd Naro Space Rocket on June 9". Arirang. Retrieved 24 April 2010.
  9. ^ "(LEAD) (rocket launch) Ground controllers lose contact with space rocket after takeoff". Yonhap News. 10 June 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2010.
  10. ^ "S Korean space rocket might have exploded: science minister". Xinhua. 10 June 2010. Archived from the original on 12 June 2010. Retrieved 10 June 2010.