SWAYAM (meaning 'Self') is a Hindi acronym that stands for "Study Webs of Active-Learning for Young Aspiring Minds" is an Indian Massive open online course (MOOC) platform. SWAYAM is an initiative launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India under Digital India to give a coordinated stage and free entry to web courses, covering all advanced education, High School and skill sector courses.It was launched on 9th July 2017 by Honorable President of India.
SWAYAM has been developed cooperatively by MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development) and AICTE (All India Council for Technical Education) with the help of Microsoft and is equipped for facilitating 2,000 courses. The platform offers free access to everyone and hosts courses from class 9 till post-graduation. It enables professors and faculty of centrally funded institutes like IITs, IIMs, IISERs, etc. to teach students.
According to SWAYAM there are 203 partnering institutes, 2,748 completed courses, 12,541,992 student enrollment, 915,538 exam registrations, and 654,664 successful certificates.
SWAYAM operates MOOCs learning resources in different ways and structure. Learning in SWAYAM has four parts/quadrants: e-Tutorial, e-Content, discussion forums, assessment.
The first quadrant is direct teaching means not much of extra work by students, it could include teaching video, animation, PowerPoint presentation, Podcast and so on. All these depend on what the subject is and what the strategy adopted by the teacher to teach the students.
The third quadrant is about clearing student's queries. Discussion forum is a part of it means students can interact with other students and faculty to clarify their doubts. The discussion forum is like a doubt counter where any student or faculty can answer the question of a student.
The fourth quadrant is self-assessment to check what a student have studied and whether he/she is eligible to get certificate. It could be tests in the form of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), or quiz or s hort answer questions, long answer questions, etc. The fourth quadrant also has Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) and their answers to clarify common misconceptions among students.
Nine national coordinators are appointed to manage the course content. Each coordinator is assigned a particular area for maintenance.
|Subject||No. of courses||Offered by/under|
|Food Nutrition for Healthy Living||1||NCERT|
|Aerospace||1||- IIT Madras|
|Bioengineering||3||- IIT Madras|
|Biotechnology||1||- IIT Madras|
|Chemical||1||- IIT Madras|
|Civil||1||- IIT Madras|
|18||- Punjabi University
- Panjab University - Anna University - Gujarat University - IIT Madras - IGNOU
|Electrical||4||- IIT Madras|
|115||- IIT Madras
- Anna University - IIT Mumbai - IIT Kanpur - IIT Roorkee - IIT Kharagpur - IISc - IIT Delhi - IIT Guwahati - IISER Kolkata - IIIT Delhi
|Environment||1||- Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya|
|31||- IIT Madras
- IIT Kanpur
- IIT Roorkee
- IIT Kharagpur
- IIT Mumbai
|Geology||1||- Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya|
|Graphics||1||- IIT Madras|
|Instrumentation-and-Control||1||- IIT Madras|
|Mechanical||8||- IIT Madras|
|Metallurgy||1||- IIT Madras|
|Entrepreneurship||2||- IIT Madras|
|Finance||1||- IIT Madras|
|Human Resources||1||- IIT Madras|
|3||- Jai Narain Vyas University
- SP Pune University
- IIT Madras
|Operations Research||1||- IIT Madras|
|Services||2||- IIT Madras
- IIM Bangalore
|Biochemistry||1||- IIT Madras|
|Biology||1||- Gujarat University|
- IIT Roorkee
- University of Delhi
- IIT Madras
|Genetics||1||- University of Kashmir|
|Physics||2||- IIT Madras
- University of Hyderabad
|Sericulture||1||- University of Mysore|
|Zoology||1||- Gujarat University|
|Basic||2||- IIT Madras
- Shiv Nadar University
|Calculus||2||- IIT Madras|
|Statistics||3||- University of Calicut
- IIT Madras
|Archeology||2||- Manipur University
- IIT Delhi
|Economics||1||- IIT Madras|
|Ethics||2||- IIT Madras
- Jadavpur University
|Geography||2||- University of Mysore|
|History||2||- St Xaviers Autonomous College – Kolkata
- Punjabi University
|Population Studies||1||- Madurai Kamaraj University|
|Psychology||3||- The English & Foreign Languages University
- IIT Madras
|Sociology||1||- University of Calicut|
|English||5||- IIT Madras|
|Literature||1||- The English & Foreign Languages University|
|Russian||2||- Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda|
|Arts & Recreation|
|Audio-Visual Media||1||- Shiv Nadar University|
|Films||1||- IIT Madras|
|Music||1||- IIT Madras|
|Performing Arts||1||- IIT Madras|
|Photography||1||- Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya|
|Script Writing||1||- St Xavier’s Autonomous College – Kolkata|
|Visual Art||1||- IIT Madras|
|Research||1||- University of Hyderabad|
All the courses offered by SWAYAM are recognized by the government of India. All the courses are valid in the country and also, UGC has announced a “Credit Framework for Online Learning Courses through SWAYAM” Regulations, 2016 in the Gazette of India on July 19, 2016 where credit transfer for SWAYAM courses is defined. The UGC regulation requires Universities to make changes in their rules and regulation to incorporate provision for credit mobility and MOOC courses under the SWAYAM platform. The certificates of degrees and diploma will be given on clearing the criteria of course taken and that certificate will be a credit mobility for academic credits. The current guideline of UGC constrains just 20 percent of the courses for a degree-level program.
NPTEL is a joint initiative of the IITs and IISC, NPTEL offers online courses and certification in various fields. NPTEL has set up a system to provide certificate courses in different colleges all over India termed as NPTEL- local chapters. A local chapter will be under one faculty member of the college- one single contact and so called Single Point of Contact (SPOC).
Further under the SWAYAM-NPTEL webpage, two more departments are operated, i.e. NPTEL news and SWAYAM-NPTEL Local chapter news. NPTEL news highlights bulletins about SPOC timeline, list of active local chapters, local chapter’s ratings, etc. And other department shows news from local chapters i.e. local chapter colleges/universities.
SWAYAM PRABHA is an education learning platform initiated by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) available 24x7 through 32 DTH channels. This initiative provide an educational program on Television on multiple time zone. The content provider is NPTEL, IITs, UGC, NCERT, etc. same as of SWAYAM online portal.