SWAYAM

Summary

SWAYAM (meaning 'Self') is a Hindi acronym that stands for "Study Webs of Active-Learning for Young Aspiring Minds" is an Indian Massive open online course (MOOC) platform. SWAYAM is an initiative launched by the Ministry of Human Resource Development, Government of India under Digital India to give a coordinated stage and free entry to web courses, covering all advanced education, High School and skill sector courses.It was launched on 9th July 2017 by Honorable President of India.[1][2][3]

SWAYAM has been developed cooperatively by MHRD (Ministry of Human Resource Development) and AICTE (All India Council for Technical Education) with the help of Microsoft and is equipped for facilitating 2,000 courses. The platform offers free access to everyone and hosts courses from class 9 till post-graduation. It enables professors and faculty of centrally funded institutes like IITs, IIMs, IISERs, etc. to teach students.[4][5]  

According to SWAYAM there are 203 partnering institutes, 2,748 completed courses, 12,541,992 student enrollment, 915,538 exam registrations, and 654,664 successful certificates.[6]

Functionality

SWAYAM operates MOOCs learning resources in different ways and structure. Learning in SWAYAM has four parts/quadrants: e-Tutorial, e-Content, discussion forums, assessment.[7]

The first quadrant is direct teaching means not much of extra work by students, it could include teaching video, animation, PowerPoint presentation, Podcast and so on. All these depend on what the subject is and what the strategy adopted by the teacher to teach the students.[7][8]

The second quadrant is an e-content which could include e-books, illustrations, Case studies, Open source content, Reference link, further reading sources and so on.[9]

The third quadrant is about clearing student's queries. Discussion forum is a part of it means students can interact with other students and faculty to clarify their doubts. The discussion forum is like a doubt counter where any student or faculty can answer the question of a student.[7]

The fourth quadrant is self-assessment to check what a student have studied and whether he/she is eligible to get certificate. It could be tests in the form of Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), or quiz or s hort answer questions, long answer questions, etc. The fourth quadrant also has Frequently Asked Question (FAQs) and their answers to clarify common misconceptions among students.[7]

National coordinators

Nine national coordinators are appointed to manage the course content. Each coordinator is assigned a particular area for maintenance.[3]

  1.  All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE) has been appointed National coordinator by MHRD for self-paced and international courses.[10]
  2.  National Programme on Technology Enhanced Learning (NPTEL) has been appointed National coordinator by MHRD for engineering sector courses.[11]
  3.  University Grants Permission (UGC) has been appointed National coordinator by MHRD for non-technical post-graduate education.[12]
  4.  Consortium for Educational Communication (CEC) has been appointed National coordinator by MHRD for undergraduate education.[13]
  5.  National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT) has been appointed National coordinator by MHRD for school education.[14]
  6.  National Institute of Open Schooling (NIOS) has been appointed National coordinator by MHRD for school education.[15]
  7.  Indira Gandhi National Open University (IGNOU) has been appointed National coordinator by MHRD for out-of-school students.[16]
  8.  Indian Institute of Management, Bangalore (IIMB) has been appointed National coordinator by MHRD for management studies.[17]
  9.  National Institute of Technical Teachers Training and Research (NITTTR) has been appointed National coordinator by MHRD for Teacher training program.[18]

Courses offered

Subject No. of courses Offered by/under


SCHOOL
Accountancy 1 NCERT
Biology 3 NCERT
Business studies 1 NCERT
Chemistry 3 NCERT
Economics 2 NCERT
Food Nutrition for Healthy Living 1 NCERT
Geography 2 NCERT
Mathematics 3 NCERT
Physics 4 NCERT
Psychology 2 NCERT
Sociology 2 NCERT


Undergraduate courses
Engineering
Aerospace 1 - IIT Madras
Bioengineering 3 - IIT Madras
Biotechnology 1 - IIT Madras
Chemical 1 - IIT Madras
Civil 1 - IIT Madras

Computer Science

18 - Punjabi University

- Panjab University - Anna University - Gujarat University - IIT Madras - IGNOU

Electrical 4 - IIT Madras

Electronics

115 - IIT Madras

- Anna University - IIT Mumbai - IIT Kanpur - IIT Roorkee - IIT Kharagpur - IISc - IIT Delhi - IIT Guwahati - IISER Kolkata - IIIT Delhi

Environment 1 - Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya

General

31 - IIT Madras

- IIT Kanpur

- IIT Roorkee

- IIT Kharagpur

- IIT Mumbai

Geology 1 - Dr. Harisingh Gour Vishwavidyalaya
Graphics 1 - IIT Madras
Instrumentation-and-Control 1 - IIT Madras
Mechanical 8 - IIT Madras
Metallurgy 1 - IIT Madras


Management
Entrepreneurship 2 - IIT Madras
Finance 1 - IIT Madras
Human Resources 1 - IIT Madras

Marketing

3 - Jai Narain Vyas University

- SP Pune University

- IIT Madras

Operations Research 1 - IIT Madras
Services 2 - IIT Madras

- IIM Bangalore


Science
Biochemistry 1 - IIT Madras
Biology 1 - Gujarat University

Chemistry

5 - IGNOU

- IIT Roorkee

- University of Delhi

- IIT Madras

Genetics 1 - University of Kashmir
Physics 2 - IIT Madras

- University of Hyderabad

Sericulture 1 - University of Mysore
Zoology 1 - Gujarat University


Mathematics
Basic 2 - IIT Madras

- Shiv Nadar University

Calculus 2 - IIT Madras
Statistics 3 - University of Calicut

- IIT Madras

Humanities


Humanities
Archeology 2 - Manipur University

- IIT Delhi

Economics 1 - IIT Madras
Ethics 2 - IIT Madras

- Jadavpur University

Geography 2 - University of Mysore
History 2 - St Xaviers Autonomous College – Kolkata

- Punjabi University

Population Studies 1 - Madurai Kamaraj University
Psychology 3 - The English & Foreign Languages University

- IIT Madras

Sociology 1 - University of Calicut


Language
English 5 - IIT Madras
Literature 1 - The English & Foreign Languages University
Russian 2 - Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda


Arts & Recreation
Audio-Visual Media 1 - Shiv Nadar University
Films 1 - IIT Madras
Music 1 - IIT Madras
Performing Arts 1 - IIT Madras
Photography 1 - Devi Ahilya Vishwavidyalaya
Script Writing 1 - St Xavier’s Autonomous College – Kolkata
Visual Art 1 - IIT Madras


General
Research 1 - University of Hyderabad

Credit transfer

All the courses offered by SWAYAM are recognized by the government of India. All the courses are valid in the country and also, UGC has announced a “Credit Framework for Online Learning Courses through SWAYAM” Regulations, 2016 in the Gazette of India on July 19, 2016 where credit transfer for SWAYAM courses is defined. The UGC regulation requires Universities to make changes in their rules and regulation to incorporate provision for credit mobility and MOOC courses under the SWAYAM platform. The certificates of degrees and diploma will be given on clearing the criteria of course taken and that certificate will be a credit mobility for academic credits.[19] The current guideline of UGC constrains just 20 percent of the courses for a degree-level program.

Local chapter

NPTEL is a joint initiative of the IITs and IISC, NPTEL offers online courses and certification in various fields.[20] NPTEL has set up a system to provide certificate courses in different colleges all over India termed as NPTEL- local chapters. A local chapter will be under one faculty member of the college- one single contact and so called Single Point of Contact (SPOC).

Further under the SWAYAM-NPTEL webpage, two more departments are operated, i.e. NPTEL news and SWAYAM-NPTEL Local chapter news. NPTEL news highlights bulletins about SPOC timeline, list of active local chapters, local chapter’s ratings, etc. And other department shows news from local chapters i.e. local chapter colleges/universities.

SWAYAM PRABHA

SWAYAM PRABHA is an education learning platform initiated by the Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) available 24x7 through 32 DTH channels.[21] This initiative provide an educational program on Television on multiple time zone. The content provider is NPTEL, IITs, UGC, NCERT, etc. same as of SWAYAM online portal.

References  

  1. ^ "MHRD's SWAYAM programme aims to make study material available to all - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  2. ^ Krishna, V.V.; Chandra, Nimesh. "Knowledge Production and Knowledge Transfer: A Study of Two Indian Institutes of Technology (IIT Madras and IIT Bombay)". Academic Entrepreneurship in Asia. doi:10.4337/9780857938008.00014.
  3. ^ a b "SWAYAM". SWAYAM. 2020-03-29.
  4. ^ "Highlights of the Achievements of the Union HRD Ministry". pib.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  5. ^ "Alkhateeb Polytechnic". www.alkhateebgroup.org. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  6. ^ "Details". SWAYAM. 2020-03-29.
  7. ^ a b c d Samanta, Anuva (2018-07-05). "Analytical Study of SWAYAM" (PDF). Analytical Study of SWAYAM: 6 – via Google Scholar.
  8. ^ "THE JOURNEY OF SWAYAM: INDIA MOOCS INITIATIVE". Journey of swayam: 10. 2016-11-30 – via Google scholar.
  9. ^ Bast, Dr.Felix (2019-07-03). "SWAYAM MOOC education on go" (PDF). education on go: 3 – via Google scholar.
  10. ^ "Swayam Central". swayam.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  11. ^ "Swayam Central". swayam.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  12. ^ "Swayam Central". swayam.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  13. ^ "Swayam Central". swayam.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  14. ^ "Swayam Central". swayam.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  15. ^ "Swayam Central". swayam.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  16. ^ "Swayam Central". swayam.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  17. ^ "Swayam Central". swayam.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  18. ^ "Swayam Central". swayam.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  19. ^ "Credit Framework for Online Learning Courses through SWAYAM)" (PDF). The Gazette of India. 2016-07-19. Retrieved 2020-03-29.
  20. ^ "NPTEL - A Joint Initiative of IITs and IISc, Bengaluru". NPTEL - A Joint Initiative of IITs and IISc, Bengaluru. Retrieved 2020-04-01.
  21. ^ "Swayam Prabha | Free 32 DTH channels". swayamprabha.gov.in. Retrieved 2020-04-01.