Sanborn Field

Summary

Sanborn Field and Soil Erosion Plots
SanbornField.png
View of Sanborn Field from the adjacent Bond Life Sciences Center on the University of Missouri campus
Sanborn Field is located in Missouri
Sanborn Field
Sanborn Field is located in the United States
Sanborn Field
LocationColumbia, Missouri
Coordinates38°56′27″N 92°19′17″W / 38.94083°N 92.32139°W / 38.94083; -92.32139Coordinates: 38°56′27″N 92°19′17″W / 38.94083°N 92.32139°W / 38.94083; -92.32139
Area7 acres (2.8 ha)
Built1888 (1888)
NRHP reference No.66000413
Significant dates
Added to NRHPOctober 15, 1966[1]
Designated NHLJuly 19, 1964[2]

Sanborn Field is an agricultural experiment field, located on the University of Missouri campus in Columbia, Missouri. Established in 1888, it was the first facility in the United States intended to measure erosion and run-off for differing crops and agricultural practices. Work at Sanborn Field was influential in the establishment of soil conservation policy in the United States. The field was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1964.[1]

The field is currently managed as part of the Agricultural Extension Station under the university's School of Natural Resources.

Description

Sanborn Field is located on the east side of the University of Missouri campus, on land purchased by the state for the university campus during the 1870s. It is roughly 7 acres (2.8 ha) in size, and is bounded by Bouchelle Avenue, Connaway Hall, Rollins Street, and College Avenue.[3] Once in a rural area, the field is now surrounded by built-up portions of Columbia. It is subdivided into plots measuring 52.5 by 118.5 feet (16.0 m × 36.1 m).

History

The field was established by Dean J.W. Sanborn, who sought to understand the value of manure as a fertilizer, and the use of crop rotation. In 1914, emphasis was shifted away from manure and toward chemical fertilizers. Other experiments focused on the recovery of exhausted soils. The plots continue to be used today for long-term experimentation on differing schemes for the management of agricultural lands.

Chlortetracycline, the first tetracycline to be identified, was discovered in a sample of soil collected from plot 23 of Sanborn field in 1945.[4]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. April 15, 2008.
  2. ^ "Sanborn Field and Soil Erosion Plots". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2008-06-18.
  3. ^ "NHL nomination for Sanborn Field and Erosion Plots" (PDF). Missouri DNR. Retrieved 2017-03-07.
  4. ^ "100 Years -- Sanborn Field: A Capsule of Scientific Agricultural History in Central Missouri:"Aueromycin, Plot 23, and the Smithsonian Institution"" (PDF). Retrieved 2013-12-10.

External links

  • University of Missouri - Sanborn Field
  • Sanborn Field Real-Time Weather Station Conditions
  • Photographs of Sanborn Field at the National Park Service's NRHP database