The Sandiganbayan (English: Support of the Nation) is a special appellate collegial court in the Philippines that has jurisdiction over criminal and civil cases involving graft and corrupt practices and other offenses committed by public officers and employees, including those in government-owned and controlled corporations. The special court was established by Presidential Decree No. 1486. It was subsequently modified by Presidential Decree No. 1606 and by Republic Acts 7975, 8249 and 10660. It is equal in rank to the Court of Appeals, and consists of fourteen Associate Justices and one Presiding Justice. The Office of the Ombudsman owns exclusive authority to bring cases to the Sandiganbayan.
|Location||Centennial Building, Commonwealth Avenue, National Government Center, Diliman, Quezon City|
|Composition method||Presidential appointment from the shortlist submitted by the Judicial and Bar Council|
|Authorized by||Constitution of the Philippines|
|Appeals to||Supreme Court of the Philippines|
|Appeals from||Regional Trial Court|
|Number of positions||21|
|Annual budget||₱1.37 billion (2020)|
|Currently||Amparo M. Cabotaje-Tang|
|Since||October 7, 2013|
The Sandiganbayan was established under the administration of President Ferdinand E. Marcos on June 11, 1978, by Presidential Decree No. 1486 in the 1973 Constitution. The court was equal in rank to the Regional Trial Courts (then known as the Courts of First Instance). On December 10, 1978, Presidential Decree No. 1606 elevated the ranking of the Sandiganbayan to match that of the Court of Appeals, the second-highest judicial court in the Philippines. The Sandiganbayan began operations on February 12, 1979.
Amendments were introduced in Republic Acts No. 7975 and No. 8249, after the EDSA Revolution in 1986, which limited the jurisdiction of the Sandiganbayan to "cases involving public officials occupying positions classified as salary grade 27 and higher."
The Sandiganbayan currently sits in seven divisions of three justices each, as per R.A. No. 10660, amending R.A. No. 1606.
When the Sandiganbayan began operations in 1979, it was composed of only one division (with Hon. Manuel R. Pamaran as Presiding Justice and two Associate Justices) and a 15-membered skeleton crew. In 1981, a second division was launched. A third division was formed on August 4, 1982.
In the wake of the assassination of Benigno Aquino, Jr. in August 1983, Ferdinand Marcos submitted the case for an immediate trial to the Sandiganbayan. Marcos' critics, who included business leaders and church leaders, claimed that the Sandiganbayan had no experience in trying a murder and demanded an appointment of an imperial prosecutor and independent judicial body instead.
In 1984, the 26 people accused in the assassination of Aquino were acquitted by the Sandiganbayan in a 90-page verdict. The verdict disregarded all findings of the Agrava Commission, which was appointed to investigate the assassination.
On June 13, 1985, the Sandiganbayan, with the aid of the commission, threw out the case against General Fabian Ver, the chief of the Armed Forces of the Philippines, together with seven other military men. The Sandiganbayan voted for the exclusion of their testimonies in that they were self-incriminatory and inadmissible as evidence. The Supreme Court upheld this decision by a vote of 10–3 in August. Ver was soon reinstated as chief of staff by Marcos on December 2.
On February 2, 1987, a new constitution was ratified under President Corazon Aquino. The 1987 Constitution established the separation of powers and a system of checks and balances between the executive, legislature, and judiciary branches.
The 1987 Constitution expanded the jurisdiction of the Sandiganbayan to include cases investigated by the Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG) involving ill-gotten wealth, instated by Executive Orders No. 14 and No. 14-A (main SB site & EO 14). In April 1994, Imelda Marcos and three former officials of the Ministry of Human Settlements (MHS) were indicted for the misappropriation of Php 97.9 million in MHS funds in 1985. At the same time, however, the Sandiganbayan dismissed charges against Imelda Marcos in connection with the sale of $125.9 million in Central Bank Treasury notes in the 1980s.
Under the 1987 Philippine Constitution and the Ombudsman Act of 1989, the Office of the Ombudsman independently monitors all three branches of the government for political corruption.
Laws on graft and corruption have been in effect as early as the 1950s, before the creation of the Sandiganbayan. Graft and corruption laws govern both public officers and natural persons. The collection of these laws is overseen by the Office of the Ombudsman.
The Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act is a law that stipulates that the Philippine Government shall repress certain acts of both public officers and the natural persons that may constitute graft or corruption. Acts that are subject under these laws include graft, divulging otherwise private information, negligence in warranted requests, undue injury by a public officer to any party – private or government – in the form of unwarranted benefits or disadvantages.
In the case of unexplained accrual of wealth, R.A. No. 1379 states that a petition may be filed against any public officer who has acquired property unlawfully, be it through graft or any form of corruption. This petition should come from the Solicitor General of the Republic of the Philippines as per complaint by a taxpayer.
Any public officer who amasses a certain amount of ill-gotten wealth (at least fifty-million pesos) through means of criminal acts – be it by himself or in connivance with other, shall be subject to reclusion perpetua or a life sentencing to death. Any accomplice shall be sentenced with the same.
Under the Government Procurement Reform Act, public officers who commits any of the following who colludes with private individuals performs the following illegal acts in RA 9184 will suffer an imprisonment of not less than six (6) years and one (1) day, but not more than fifteen (15) years.
To determine whether the Sandiganbayan has jurisdiction, lawyers look into two (2) criteria, namely: the nature of the offense and the salary grade of the public official.
The Sandiganbayan shall have original exclusive jurisdiction over:
Provided that the accused belongs to a salary grade of 27 or higher, the Sandiganbayan has jurisdiction over:
Private individuals can also be sued in cases before the Sandiganbayan if they are alleged to be in conspiracy with the public officer.
The Sandiganbayan is vested with appellate jurisdiction over final judgments, resolutions or orders of the Regional Trial Court whether in the exercise of their original or appellate jurisdiction over crimes and civil cases falling within the original exclusive jurisdiction of the Sandiganbayan but which were committed by public officers below Salary Grade 27.
The Sandiganbayan has a total of fifteen departments (two head offices, twelve divisions, and one Legal Research and Technical Staff) and a total of 385 authorized positions. 335 of 385 of these positions are filled.
According to the Presidential Decree No. 1606, Section 1, the Presiding Justice and all Associate Justices shall be appointed by the president, as amended by Republic Act 8249.
Appointment of the Court Officials and other employees, however, is not dependent on the president. According to Rule II, Section 7 of the Revised Internal Rules of the Sandiganbayan, "The Supreme Court shall appoint the Clerk of Court, the Division Clerks of Court and all other personnel of the Sandiganbayan upon recommendation of the Sandiganbayan en banc chosen from a list of qualified applicants prepared in accordance with the Civil Service Law, rules and regulations."
Presidential Decree No. 1606 further states that "No person shall be appointed Presiding Justice or Associate Justice of the Sandiganbayan; unless he is natural-born citizen of the Philippines, at least 40 years of age and for at lease ten years has been a judge of a court of record or been engaged in the practice of law in the Philippines or has held office requiring admission to the bar as a pre-requisite for a like period.
The Sandiganbayan originally had three divisions that assisted the Office of the Presiding Justice, according to the Article XIII of the 1973 Constitution. The number of divisions was raised to five divisions in 1995. In 2015, through the Republic Act 10660, under the Aquino Administration, the number of divisions was expanded to seven divisions. Currently, the Sandiganbayan has Office of the Presiding Justice, Office of the Clerk of Court, Legal Research and Technical Staff, seven divisions (Office of the Deputy Clerk of Court), and five other divisions namely Judicial Records Division, Administrative Division, Budget and Finance Division, Management Information System Division, Security and Sheriff Services Division. The functions and roles of these offices and divisions are:
The Sandiganbayan holds regular sessions in its principal office in Metro Manila. Sessions may be held outside of Metro Manila when authorized by the Presiding Justice. Cases are heard either en banc or more commonly, by divisions.
Cases are distributed among the divisions through a raffle system. The assignment of a case to a division is permanent, regardless of changes in constitution. Justices may inhibit themselves from a case if they served as Ponente, the Member to whom the Court, after its deliberation on the merits of a case, assigns the writing of its decision or resolution in the case. in the appealed decision of the lower court, or if they or their family members are personally related with the case, or for any other compelling reason. In case of inhibition or disqualification, the case will remain with the same division, but the inhibited justice will be replaced.
Cases may reach the Sandiganbayan either through an appeal from a Regional Trial Court or by original petition filed with the Sandiganbayan. After a case is raffled to a Division, the accused party must be arraigned within thirty days. A pre-trial conference is then held to reach an agreement and issue a pre-trial order. The case is then taken to trial. Following the Speedy Trial Act of 1998, no trial may exceed six months from its starting date. However, the act also allows for certain delays that are excluded from the computed time of trial, including delays caused by other related proceedings involving the accused, absence of the accused or essential witness, and mental or physical incompetence of the accused to stand trial.
Cases are deemed submitted for decision after the last brief, pleading, or memorandum is filed, or after the deadline for doing so has passed. All adjudicatory action is exercised through the divisions of the Sandiganbayan. The rendition of judgment or final order is based on the unanimous vote of the three Justices in the deciding division. When the Sandiganbayan sits en banc to resolve motions and other incidents, at least eight justices must vote in order to adopt a resolution.
In a joint trial involving multiple cases, a joint or separate judgment may be rendered by the division. In cases involving multiple accused, the division may also render judgment for one or more of the accused by a unanimous vote.
If a unanimous vote cannot be reached in any case, a special division of five will be formed to decide the case by majority vote. Promulgation is done by reading the judgment aloud with the accused present along with any Justice from the deciding division. Decisions are published in the Official Gazette or the official website of the Sandiganbayan.
In general, a party sentenced to any penalty lower than death, life imprisonment, or reclusion perpetua may appeal by filing a motion for reconsideration or a motion for new trial within fifteen days of promulgation of judgment. If a new trial is granted, the previous judgment will be overruled and the new judgment rendered. New trials must also not exceed six months in duration, albeit allowing for certain delays as specified in the Speedy Trial Act. For civil cases, the accused party may file for a petition for a writ of certiorari with the Supreme Court. If the party files an appeal to the Supreme Court, any motion of reconsideration filed to the Sandiganbayan will be deemed abandoned.
If the accused party wishes to appeal from a sentence of life imprisonment or reclusion perpetua, a notice of appeal is filed with the Sandiganbayan and presented to the adverse party. In cases where the Sandiganbayan sentences the accused to death penalty, an automatic appeal follows where the Supreme Court will conduct a review of judgment before the final decision is rendered.
In June 2014, plunder charges against former Philippine senator Jinggoy Estrada and several other members of Congress allegedly involved in the pork barrel scam run by Janet Lim-Napoles were filed by the Ombudsman before the Sandiganbayan. Estrada was accused of plundering ₱183 million from the Priority Development Assistance Fund.
In December 2014, all three justices of the Sandiganbayan Fifth Division (Associate Justices Roland Jurado, Alexander Gesmundo and Ma. Theresa Gómez-Estoesta) assigned to the case against Estrada inhibited themselves from the case for "personal reasons". This marked the first time in the court's history that an entire division withdrew from hearing a case. Though the justices refused to elaborate on their reasons for inhibition, the withdrawal was said to have been due to "pressure" from the public to deny Estrada's petition for bail.
In 1991, ten counts of graft were filed against former first lady Imelda Marcos before the Sandiganbayan. Marcos was accused of creating private Swiss foundations during her time as governor of Metro Manila, between 1978 and 1984. She was also accused of violating the Anti-Graft and Corrupt Practices Act by holding financial interests in multiple private enterprises. The government has since uncovered Marcos Swiss deposits amounting to $658 million.
Another corruption case against Marcos involving "unlawfully acquired" art collections amounting to $24 million has been brought to the Sandiganbayan by appeals from the Presidential Commission on Good Government and the Office of the Solicitor General. The case is being handled by the Special First Division of the Sandiganbayan.
The case against Imelda Marcos has been ongoing for over 26 years due to multiple causes of delay in court proceedings. In 2017, Marcos was absent from what was scheduled to be her last day of trial for the graft case. In the same year, the trial was reset by the Fifth Division due to the failure of the defense to present their last evidence in the case.
The Sandiganbayan consists of a Presiding justice and twenty associate justices. Among the current members of the Court, Efren De la Cruz is the longest-serving justice, with a tenure of 6,883 days (18 years, 308 days) as of August 15, 2022; the most recent justice to enter the court is Arthur O. Malabaguio, whose tenure began on March 4, 2022.
|Justice||Date of Birth||Position||Appointing President||Incumbency
Length of service
|Date of Retirement (70 years old)||Replacing|
November 8, 1954|
Amparo Magabung Cabotaje
|Presiding Justice||Aquino||October 7, 2013
(8 years, 312 days)
|November 8, 2024||Villaruz, Jr|
|Efren De la Cruz||
June 18, 1954 |
Efren N. de a Cruz
|Senior Associate Justice||Macapagal Arroyo||October 11, 2003
(18 years, 308 days)
|June 18, 2024||Badoy|
December 22, 1954 |
Rafael Reyes Lagos
|Associate Justice||Aquino||May 17, 2013
(9 years, 90 days)
|December 22, 2024||Cortez-Estrada|
|Oscar Herrera Jr||
May 23, 1954 |
Oscar C. Herrera Jr.
|Dec 6, 2016
(5 years, 252 days)
|May 23, 2024||Cotangco-Manalastas|
|Ma. Theresa Dolores Gómez-Estoesta||
March 17, 1967 |
Maria Theresa Dolores C. Gomez
|January 20, 2014
(7 years, 268 days)
|March 17, 2037||Cabotaje-Tang|
|Sarah Jane Fernandez||
May 14, 1969 |
Sarah Jane T. Fernandez
|May 5, 2015
(7 years, 102 days)
|May 14, 2039||Ong|
|Michael Frederick Musñgi||
April 14, 1965 |
Michae Frederick L. Musñgi
|January 20, 2016
(6 years, 207 days)
|April 14, 2035||Newly created Seat|
|Geraldine Faith Econg||
August 6, 1965 |
Gerdine Faith Abracia Econg
|January 20, 2016
(6 years, 207 days)
|August 6, 2035|
|Maria Teresa Mendóza-Arcega||
December 18, 1965 |
Maria Teresa V. Mendoza
|January 20, 2016
(6 years, 207 days)
|December 18, 2035|
October 9, 1957 |
Karl B. Miranda
|January 20, 2016
(6 years, 207 days)
|October 9, 2027|
December 30, 1972 |
Zaldy V. Trespreses
|Jan 20, 2016
(6 years, 207 days)
|December 30, 2032|
June 9, 1955|
Bernelito R. Fernande
|Duterte||October 28, 2016
(5 years, 291 days)
|June 9, 2025||Diz-Baldos|
February 10, 1961 |
Lorifel Lacap Pahimna
|March 1, 2017
(5 years, 167 days)
|February 10, 2031||Inoturan|
February 12, 1970 |
Edgardo M. Cadona
|March 10, 2017
(5 years, 158 days)
|February 12, 2040||Hernandez|
April 30, 1969 |
Bayani H. Jacinto
|May 29, 2017
(5 years, 78 days)
|April 30, 2039||Jurado|
|Kevin Narce Vivero||
January 2, 1960 |
Kevin Narce B. Viviero
|November 28, 2017
(4 years, 260 days)
|January 2, 2030||Martires|
July 27, 1966 |
Maryann E. Corpuz
|December 8, 2017
(4 years, 250 days)
|July 27, 2036||Cornejo|
April 14, 1964 |
Georgina Dumpit Hidalgo
|January 18, 2018
(4 years, 209 days)
|April 14, 2034||Ponferranda|
January 23, 1970 |
Ronald Bautista Moreno
|June 8, 2018
(4 years, 58 days)
|January 23, 2040||Gesmundo|
January 10, 1965 |
Arthur Oliveros Maabaguio
|March 4, 2022
|January 10, 2035||Cruz|
|First Division||Second Division||Third Division||Fourth Division|
|Chairperson||E. De La Cruz||Chairperson||O. Herrera, Jr.||Chairperson||A. Cabotaje-Tang||Chairperson||L. Pahimna|
|Fifth Division||Sixth Division||Seventh Division|
|Chairperson||E. Lagos||Chairperson||M. Gómez-Estoesta||Chairperson||S. Fernandez|
|Aquino III||10||47.62%||A. Cabotaje-Tang |
O. Herrera, Jr.
|Duterte||9||42.86%||E. Caldona |
|Macapagal Arroyo||1||4.76%||E. De la Cruz|
E. De la Cruz
O. Herrera, Jr.
|2024||4||O. Herrera, Jr. |
E. de la Cruz
A. Cabotaje-Tang (Presiding Justice)
|2035||3||M. Musñgi |
|2037||3||M. Gomez-Estoesta |
|2040||2||R. Moreno |
|No.||Name of Sandiganbayan justices||Start of term||End of term||Position||Appointer||Replacing||Presiding Justice(s)|
|1||Manuel R. Pamaran||June 11, 1978||March 31, 1986||Presiding Justice||Marcos, Sr.||Newly Created Seat||First Presiding Justice|
|2||Bernardo P. Fernández||June 11, 1978[i]||June 11, 1981||Associate Justice||Manuel R. Pamaran|
|3||Romeo M. Escareal||June 11, 1978||March 5, 1996|
|4||Buenaventura J. Guerrero||December 8, 1980||May 16, 1986|
|5||Conrado M. Molina||December 8, 1980||July 18, 1992|
|6||Moises C. Kallos||December 8, 1980||December 15, 1983|
|7||Ramon V. Jabson||November 20, 1981||May 18, 1988|
|8||Fidel P. Purísima||August 4, 1982||March 10, 1984|
|9||Francisco Z. Consolación||August 4, 1982||March 10, 1984|
|10||Romulo S. Químbo||August 4, 1982||May 16, 1986|
|11||Augusto M. Amores||October 7, 1984||July 5, 1995|
|12||Amante Q. Alconcel||October 7, 1984||May 16, 1986|
|13||Bienvenido C. Vera Cruz||October 7, 1984||May 16, 1986|
|14||Francis E. Garchitorena||April 18, 1986||January 16, 2002||Presiding Justice||C. Aquino||Manuel Pamaran||Himself|
|15||Regino C. Hermosísima, Jr.||May 16, 1986||July 18, 1995||Associate Justice||Newly created seat||Francis E. Garchitorena|
|16||Luciano A. Jóson||May 21, 1986||March 17, 1990|
|17||Cipriano A. del Rosario||May 22, 1986||March 15, 2001||Bernardo P. Fernandez|
|18||Jose S. Balajádia||May 30, 1986||February 14, 1998||Moises Kailios|
|19||Nathanael M. Grospe||December 2, 1988||January 16, 1993||Fidel Purisima|
|20||Sabino R. de León, Jr.||March 13, 1990||October 11, 1999||Francisco Consolación|
|21||Narciso T. Atienza||September 14, 1992||December 17, 1993||Ramos||Buenaventura Guerrero|
|22||Minita Chico-Nazario||May 10, 1993||January 16, 2002||Romulo Químbo|
|23||Roberto M. Lagmán||November 28, 1994||February 14, 1998||Amante Alconcel|
|24||Harriet Demetriou||August 28, 1995||February 14, 1998||Bienvenido C. Vera Cruz|
|25||Edilberto G. Sandóval||March 11, 1996[ii]||April 5, 2010||Ramon V. Jabson|
|26||Leonardo I. Cruz||March 11, 1996||March 11, 1997||Luciano A. Jóson|
|27||Teresita de Castro||September 8, 1997||December 15, 2004||Conrado M. Molina|
|28||Narciso S. Nario, Sr.||September 8, 1997||January 15, 2002||Nathanael M. Grospe|
|29||Anacleto Bádoy, Jr.||September 8, 1997||March 11, 2002||Narciso T. Atienza|
|30||Catalino R. Castañeda, Jr.||September 8, 1997||January 15, 2002||Augusto M. Amores|
|31||German G. Lee, Jr.||September 8, 1997||December 17, 1998||Regino C. Hermosísima, Jr.|
|32||Godofredo L. Legaspí||September 8, 1997||September 8, 2006||Romeo M. Escareal|
|33||Alfredo Gustillo||October 5, 1998||March 3, 1999||Estrada||Leonardo I. Cruz|
|34||Gregory S. Ong||October 5, 1998[iii]||September 23, 2014||Jose S. Balajádia|
|35||Ricardo M. Ilarde||October 7, 1998||March 3, 2001||Roberto M. Lagmán|
|36||Rodolfo G. Palattao||October 9, 1998||March 3, 2003||Harriet Demetriou|
|37||Ma. Cristina Cortéz-Estrada||October 19, 1998||January 14, 2009||German G. Lee, Jr.|
|38||Raoul V. Victorino||January 31, 2000||February 15, 2005||Alfredo Gustillo|
|39||Nicodemo T. Ferrer||January 31, 2000||February 15, 2002||Sabino R. de León, Jr.|
|40||Francisco Villaruz, Jr.||October 2, 2001||October 5, 2011||Macapagal-Arroyo||Ricardo M. Ilarde|
|22||Minita V. Chico-Nazario||January 16, 2002||February 10, 2004||Presiding Justice||Francis Garchitorena||Herself|
|41||Diosdado M. Peralta||June 14, 2002||March 28, 2008||Associate Justice||Cipriano A. del Rosario||Minita V. Chico-Nazario|
|42||Norberto Y. Geraldez||January 21, 2003||February 28, 2010||Narciso S. Nario, Sr.|
|43||Roland B. Jurado||October 3, 2003||February 1, 2017||Catalino R. Castañeda, Jr.|
|44||Efren N. de la Cruz||October 10, 2003||incumbent||Minita Chico-Nazario|
|45||Teresita V. Díaz-Baldos||October 17, 2003||July 22, 2016||Nicodemo T. Ferrer|
|46||José R. Hernández||March 9, 2004||November 22, 2016||Anacleto Bádoy, Jr.|
|47||Rodolfo A. Ponferrada||August 23, 2004||September 13, 2017||Rodolfo G. Palattao|
|27||Teresita J. Leonardo-de Castro||December 15, 2004||December 3, 2007||Presiding Justice||Minita V. Chico-Nazario||Herself|
|48||Alexander G. Gesmundo||October 15, 2005||August 14, 2017||Associate Justice||Teresita J. Leonardo-de Castro||Teresita J. Leonardo-de Castro|
|49||Samuel R. Martires||October 15, 2005||March 2, 2017||Raoul V. Victorino|
|41||Diosdado M. Peralta||March 28, 2008||January 14, 2009||Presiding Justice||Teresita J. Leonardo-de Castro||Himself|
|50||Napoleón E. Inoturan||April 4, 2008||August 1, 2016||Associate Justice||Godofredo L. Legaspí||Diosdado M. Peralta|
|51||Alex L. Quíroz||December 11, 2008||incumbent||Diosdado Peralta|
|37||Ma. Cristina Cortéz-Estrada||January 14 2009||February 27, 2010||Presiding Justice||Diosdado M. Peralta||Herself|
|42||Norberto Y. Geraldez||February 28, 2010||April 4, 2010||Ma. Cristina Cortéz-Estrada||Himself|
|25||Edilberto G. Sandoval||April 5, 2010||October 4, 2011||Norberto Y. Geraldez||Herself|
|52||Ma. Cristina J. Cornejo||May 1, 2010||March 1, 2017||Associate Justice||Ma. Cristina Cortéz-Estrada||Edilberto G. Sandoval|
|53||Rafael R. Lagos||December 9, 2010||incumbent||Justice||Aquino III||Norberto Y. Geraldez|
|40||Francisco H. Villaruz, Jr.||October 5, 2011||June 8, 2013||Presiding Justice||Edilberto G. Sandoval||Himself|
|54||Oscar C. Herrera, Jr.||April 26, 2011||incumbent||Associate Justice||Edilberto G. Sandóva||Francisco H. Villaruz, Jr.|
|55||Amparo M. Cabotaje-Tang||June 11, 2012||October 7, 2013||Francisco H. Villaruz, Jr.|
|October 7, 2013||Incumbent||Presiding Justice||Herself|
|56||Ma. Theresa C. Gómez-Estoesta||June 20, 2014||incumbent||Associate Justice||Amparo M. Cabotaje-Tang||Amparo M. Cabotaje-Tang|
|57||Sarah Jane T. Fernández||May 5, 2015||incumbent||Gregory S. Ong|
|58||Michael Frederick Musngi||January 20, 2016||incumbent||Newly Creted Seats|
|59||Reynaldo P. Cruz||January 20, 2016||February 21, 2020|
|60||Geraldine Faith A. Econg||January 20, 2016||incumbent|
|61||Ma. Theresa V. Mendóza-Arcega||January 20, 2016||incumbent|
|62||Karl B. Miranda||January 20, 2016||incumbent|
|63||Zaldy V. Trespeses||January 20, 2016||incumbent|
|64||Bernelito R. Fernandez||October 28, 2016||incumbent||Duterte||Teresita V. Díaz-Baldos|
|65||Lorifel L. Pahimna||March 1, 2017||incumbent||Napoleón E. Inoturan|
|66||Edgardo M. Caldona||March 10, 2017||incumbent||José R. Hernández|
|67||Bayani H. Jacinto||May 29, 2017||incumbent||Roland B. Jurado|
|68||Kevin Narce B. Vivero||November 28, 2017||incumbent||Samuel R. Martires|
|69||Maryann E. Corpus-Mañalac||December 8, 2017||incumbent||Samuel R. Martires|
|70||Georgina D. Hidalgo||January 18, 2018||incumbent||Rodolfo A. Ponferrada|
|71||Ronald B. Moreno||June 8, 2018||incumbent||Alexander G. Gesmundo|
|72||Arthur O. Malabaguio||May 24, 2021||incumbent||Reynaldo Cruz|
The Associate Justices of the Court are usually ordered according to the date of their appointment. There are no official ramifications as to this ranking, although the order determines the seating arrangement on the bench and is duly considered in all matters of protocol. Within the discretion of the Court, the ranking may also factor into the composition of the divisions of the Court.
The incumbent Justice with the earliest date of appointment is deemed the Senior Associate Justice. The Senior Associate Justice has no constitutional or statutory duties, but usually acts as Acting Presiding Justice during the absence of the Presiding Justice. The Senior Associate Justice is not usually designated as the chairperson of the second division of the Court.
The following became Senior Associate Justices in their tenure in the Sandiganbayan:
|No.||Senior Associate Justice||Year Appointed||Tenure|
|3||Cipriano Del Rosario||1986||1996-2001|
|6||Gregory S. Ong||/1998||2010-2014[iv]|
|7||Efren de la Cruz||2003||2014-incumbent|