Sarangarh State

Summary

Sarangarh was a princely state in India during the British Raj ruled by a Raj Gond dynasty.[1] The emblem of the state was a turtle.

Sarangarh State
सारंगढ़ रियासत
Princely State of British India
1691–1948
Flag of Sarangarh
Flag
Sakti-Raigarh-Imperial Gazetteer.jpg
Sarangarh State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
Area 
• 1901
1,399 km2 (540 sq mi)
Population 
• 1901
79,900
History
History 
• Established
1691
1948
Succeeded by
India

Its capital was in Sarangarh town, now in Chhattisgarh state. The state had no significant towns except for its capital. Its area was 1,399 square km with a population of 79,900 persons according to the 1901 census.

HistoryEdit

According to legend Sarangarh state was founded in the first century AD by Gond ancestors that had migrated from Bhandara. It was originally a dependency of the Ratanpur Kingdom and later became one of the eighteen Garhjat states under Sambalpur State[2] The Sambalpur kings favoured Sarangarh owing to its readiness to help their kingdom during military campaigns.[3]

In 1818 Sarangarh became a British protectorate. Between 1878 and 1889 Sarangarh state was placed under the direct administration of British India owing to economic mismanagement and the infancy of the ruler Bhawani Pratap Singh.[4] Sarangarh was a small feudatory state, part of the Chhattisgarh division.[5]

On 1 January 1948 Sarangarh State acceded to the Indian Union.

RulersEdit

Sarangarh State was one of several princely states governed by the Raj Gond Dynasty of Gonds. The rulers bore the title 'Raja'[6]

RajasEdit

  • .... – .... Udibhan Singh
  • .... – .... Birbhan Singh
  • .... – 1736 Udho Sai Singh
  • 1736 – 1777 Kalyan Sai
  • 1777 – 1808 Vishvanath Sai
  • 1808 – 1815 Subhadra Sai
  • 1827 – 5 January 1828 Bhikhan Sai (d. 1828)
  • 5 January 1828 – 1828 Tikan Sai
  • 1828 – May 1829 Gajraj Singh (d. 1829)
  • May 1829 – 1872 Singram Singh
  • 1872 – Sep 1889 Bhawani Pratap Singh (b. c.1865 – d. 1889)
  • Sep 1889 – 5 August 1890 Lal Raghubir Singh (d. 1890)
  • 5 August 1890 – 11 January 1946 Bahadur Jawahir Singh (b. 1886 – d. 1946)
  • 11 Jan 1946 – 15 August 1947 Naresh Chandra Singh (b. 1908 – d. 1987)
  • (1988- d. 2016) Raja Sishir Raj Bindu Singh
  • (2016 - present) Raja Shree Raj Singh

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Great Britain India Office. Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 21. 1909
  2. ^ Sarangarh Princely State
  3. ^ Great Britain India Office. Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 21. 1909
  4. ^ Princely States of India
  5. ^ Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Chhattisgarh" . Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 6 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 116.
  6. ^ Rajput Provinces of India – Sarangarh (Princely State)

Coordinates: 21°36′N 83°05′E / 21.6°N 83.08°E / 21.6; 83.08