Savatije
Archbishop of Peć and Serbian Patriarch
Savatije Sokolović.jpg
Fresco depicting Savatije with the model of his endowment, the Piva Monastery.
ChurchSerbian Patriarchate of Peć
SeePatriarchal Monastery of Peć
Installed1585
Term ended1586
PredecessorGerasim
SuccessorJerotej
Other postsMetropolitan of Herzegovina (1573–1585)
Personal details
Birth nameSavatije Sokolović
BornPrijepolje, Sanjak of Herzegovina, Ottoman Empire (now Serbia)
Died1586
NationalityRum Millet (Ottoman)
DenominationEastern Orthodox Christian
ParentsVukašin

Savatije Sokolović (Serbian Cyrillic: Саватије Соколовић; fl. 1573 – d. 1586), was Archbishop of Peć and Serbian Patriarch from 1585 to 1586. Before that, he served as Metropolitan of Herzegovina from 1573 to 1585. He was a member of the notable Sokolović family, being a nephew of Serbian Patriarch Makarije Sokolović (1557–71). Savatije founded the Piva Monastery in 1573.[1]

Life

Sokolović was born in Prijepolje,[2] at the time part of the Sanjak of Herzegovina of the Ottoman Empire (now in Serbia). He was a son of Vukašin, the "knyaz of Rudići",[3] and was part of the notable Sokolović family, being a fraternal nephew of Patriarch Makarije (s. 1557–71),[4][5] and relative to many other archbishops, and even Ottoman statesmen.

He succeeded his relative Antonije as the Metropolitan of Herzegovina in 1573, who then became the Serbian Patriarch;[1] the Sokolović bishops were obviously succeeding each other as metropolitan of Herzegovina, then as coadjutor to the Serbian Patriarch, and finally as Serbian Patriarch.[6] That same year, Savatije founded (as ktitor) the Piva Monastery, dedicated to the Assumption of the Most Holy Mother of God,[1][7][8] located by the Piva river[9] in the historical Piva region (the former župa of Piva, in modern-day western Montenegro). The construction workers were brothers named Gavrilo and Vukašin.[3] Russian historian Aleksandr Fedorovich Gilferding (1831–1872) said that the monastery was the greatest and most beautiful building in all of Herzegovina.[10]

His endowment, the Piva Monastery.

He remained the Metropolitan of Herzegovina until his enthronement as the Archbishop of Peć and Serbian Patriarch in 1585,[1] and served until his presumed death in 1586[1] when the last mention is made of him, regarding the finished construction of Piva.[6] He died before Gerasim.[6] Historian S. Novaković (1842–1915) concluded that his death place was in the Ubožac- or Božac Monastery, although this has since been refuted.[11]

Savatije proved himself more energetic than his predecessors, and boldly and persistently, with the help of Grand Vizier Sokollu Mehmed Pasha (Mehmed-paša Sokolović) and other Islamized Sokolović family members, and other Viziers of Serbian origin, to work for the strengthening of Church autonomy.[12] Unfortunately, chronicles have no further information on his life, as is the case with many other Serbian patriarchs.[13] Both Savatije and Sokollu Mehmed Pasha are depicted on the interior frescoes.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d e Вуковић 1996, p. 435.
  2. ^ Glas Srpske akademije nauka. Štampa jugoslavskog štamparskog preduzeća. 1949. p. 112.
  3. ^ a b Младен Лесковац; Александар Форишковић; Чедомир Попов (2004). Српски биографски речник. 2. Будућност. p. 570.
  4. ^ Istorija srpskog naroda: knj. Srbi pod tuđinskom vlašđu, 1537-1699 (2 v.). Srpska književna zadruga. 1993. p. 63.
  5. ^ Nićifor Dučić (1894). Istorija Srpske pravoslavne crkve od prvijeh desetina VII v. do naših dana. Drž. stamp Kralj. Srbije. p. 183.
  6. ^ a b c Владимир Бабић (1960). Историја народа Југославије. Просвета. p. 102.
  7. ^ Boris Nilević (1990). Srpska pravoslavna crkva u Bosni i Hercegovini do obnove Pećke patrijaršije 1557. godine. Veselin Masleša.
  8. ^ Марица Шупут (1984). Српска архитектура у доба турске власти 1459-1690. Филозофски факултет, Институт за историју уметности. p. 37.
  9. ^ Александар Дероко (1953). Монументална и декоративна ахитектура у средњевековној Србији. Научна Књига. p. 300.
  10. ^ Слободан Ристановић (2005). Kroz Srbiju i Crnu Goru. КСЕ-НА. p. 704.
  11. ^ Geografsko Društvo, Belgrad (1969). Glasnik. 49–52. p. 66.
  12. ^ Dušan Baranin (1969). Сабрана дела. Vuk Karadžić. p. 321.
  13. ^ Glasnik Srbskog učenog društva. 31. u Državnoj štampariji. 1871. pp. 52–.

Sources

  • Ćirković, Sima (2004). The Serbs. Malden: Blackwell Publishing.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Fotić, Aleksandar (2008). "Serbian Orthodox Church". Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. New York: Infobase Publishing. pp. 519–520.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Kašić, Dušan, ed. (1965). Serbian Orthodox Church: Its past and present. 1. Belgrade: Serbian Orthodox Church.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Pavlovich, Paul (1989). The History of the Serbian Orthodox Church. Serbian Heritage Books.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Слијепчевић, Ђоко М. (1962). Историја Српске православне цркве (History of the Serbian Orthodox Church). књ. 1. Минхен: Искра.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Sotirović, Vladislav B. (2011). "The Serbian Patriarchate of Peć in the Ottoman Empire: The First Phase (1557–94)". Serbian Studies: Journal of the North American Society for Serbian Studies. 25 (2): 143–169.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Вуковић, Сава (1996). Српски јерарси од деветог до двадесетог века (Serbian Hierarchs from the 9th to the 20th Century). Београд: Евро.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)

External links

  • Official site of the Serbian Orthodox Church: Serbian Archbishops and Patriarchs
Eastern Orthodox Church titles
Preceded by
Gerasim
Serbian Patriarch
1585–1586
Succeeded by
Jerotej
Preceded by
Antonije
Metropolitan of Herzegovina
1573–1585
Succeeded by
Visarion