Scalar boson

Summary

A scalar boson is a boson whose spin equals zero.[1] Boson means that the particle's wavefunction is symmetric under particle exchange and therefore follows Bose–Einstein statistics. The spin-statistics theorem implies that all bosons have an integer-valued spin;[2] the scalar fixes this value to zero.

The name scalar boson arises from quantum field theory, which demands that fields of spin-zero particles transform like a scalar under Lorentz transformation (i.e. are Lorentz invariant).

A pseudoscalar boson is a scalar boson that has odd parity, whereas "regular" scalar bosons have even parity.[3]

Examples

Scalar

Pseudoscalar

See also

References

  1. ^ a b "The scalar boson". ATLAS Collaboration. March 26, 2015. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  2. ^ Nave, R. "Spin classification of particles". Retrieved June 8, 2021.
  3. ^ Thomson, Mark (2011). "Handout 9: The Weak Interaction and V-A" (PDF). Retrieved June 6, 2021.
  4. ^ "New results indicate that particle discovered at CERN is a Higgs boson". March 14, 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  5. ^ "The Nobel Prize in Physics 2013". Nobel Media AB. 2013. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  6. ^ Qaim, Syed M.; Spahn, Ingo; Scholten, Bernhard; Neumaier, Bernd (June 8, 2016). "Uses of alpha particles, especially in nuclear reaction studies and medical radionuclide production". Radiochimica Acta. 104 (9): 601. doi:10.1515/ract-2015-2566. S2CID 56100709. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  7. ^ Peskin, Michael E.; Schroeder, Daniel V. (1995). An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory. Westview Press. ISBN 978-0-201-50397-5.
  8. ^ Nave, R. "Hadrons, baryons, mesons". Retrieved May 23, 2021.