NamesScatterometer Satellite-1
Mission typeEarth observation
COSPAR ID2016-059H
SATCAT no.41790
Mission duration5 years (planned)
5 years, 2 months and 4 days
Spacecraft properties
ManufacturerIndian Space Research Organisation
Launch mass371 kg (818 lb)
Power750 watts
Start of mission
Launch date26 September 2016, 03:42 UTC
RocketPolar Satellite Launch Vehicle, PSLV-C35
Launch siteSatish Dhawan Space Centre. First Launch Pad (FLP)
ContractorIndian Space Research Organisation
Entered service15 December 2016
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Perigee altitude724 km (450 mi)
Apogee altitude741 km (460 mi)
Period99.2 minutes
OceanSat Scatterometer-2 (OSCAT-2)

ScatSat-1 (Scatterometer Satellite-1) is a satellite providing weather forecasting, cyclone prediction, and tracking services to India. It has been developed by ISRO Satellite Centre, Bangalore whereas its payload was developed by Space Applications Centre, Ahmedabad.[1] The satellite carries a Ku-band scatterometer similar to the Oceansat-2 which became dysfunctional after its life span of four-and-a-half years. India was dependent on NASA's ISS-RapidScat for prediction of cyclone forecasting and weather prediction.[2] The data generated by this mini-satellite are used by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), European Organisation for the Exploitation of Meteorological Satellites (EUMETSAT) and National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).


The designated primary instrument of the satellite is a scatterometer (OSCAT) which is similar to the instrument launched with Oceansat-2. The satellite is built around a standard IMS-2 Bus and the mass of the satellite is 371 kg. The weight of the scatterometer is 110 kg.[2] This satellite measures the wind speed and its direction over the ocean.


Space Applications Centre (ASC) of ISRO was responsible for development of the instrument whereas ISRO Satellite Centre, Bangalore was responsible for the bus. ScatSat-1 was being built at 60% of the actual production cost and one-third of the actual predicted time.[3] It was built using leftover parts of other satellite missions.[4]


The satellite was launched on 26 September 2016, at 03:42 UTC, from the first launch pad (FLP) of Satish Dhawan Space Centre, Sriharikota (SHAR) and launched by the PSLV-C35 launch vehicle the first multi-burn technology used by ISRO.[5] The microsatellites Alsat-1B, AlSat-2B and BlackSky Pathfinder-1, and nanosatellites AlSat-1N, NLS-19, PISat and Pratham were launched along with ScatSat-1.[6] It has been the longest Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) mission till date.

ScatSat-1 data

ScatSat-1 data are made available to the public through via FTP from the Meteorological and Oceanographic Satellite Data Archive Center, a e-portal maintained by Space Application Centre, Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO).


Near-real time level 2 ocean wind vectors on a 25 km/50 km swath grid, based on the backscatter measurements of the ScatSat-1 are available through the e-portal of EUMETSAT.


See also


  1. ^ "Special Section: SCATSAT-1".
  2. ^ a b Nair, Avinash (27 May 2015). "To predict cyclone, ISRO to build advanced satellite". The Indian Express. Ahmedabad. Retrieved 8 February 2016.
  3. ^ Singh, Tanaya (6 February 2016). "New ISRO Satellite to Predict Cyclones Being Built at 60% the Actual Cost, in One Third of the Time". Retrieved 8 February 2016.
  4. ^ "How ISRO is "recycling" to build a cost-effective satellite at 60% the cost and one-third the time". Firstpost. 5 February 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2017.
  5. ^ "ScatSat-1". Retrieved 8 February 2016.
  6. ^ "ScatSat-1 (Scatterometer Satellite-1)".

External links

  • Official website
  • ScatSat-1 picture gallery