Scone, New South Wales

Summary

Scone
New South Wales
Mare & foal.JPG
Mare and foal, Scone
Scone is located in New South Wales
Scone
Scone
Coordinates32°05′S 150°51′E / 32.083°S 150.850°E / -32.083; 150.850Coordinates: 32°05′S 150°51′E / 32.083°S 150.850°E / -32.083; 150.850
Population5,624 (2016 census)[1]
Postcode(s)2337
Elevation216 m (709 ft)
Location
LGA(s)Upper Hunter Shire
State electorate(s)Upper Hunter
Federal division(s)New England
Mean max temp Mean min temp Annual rainfall
24.0 °C
75 °F
11.0 °C
52 °F
645.0 mm
25.4 in

Scone /ˈskn/ is a town in the Upper Hunter Shire in the Hunter Region of New South Wales, Australia. At the 2006 census, Scone had a population of 4,624 people.[2] It is on the New England Highway north of Muswellbrook about 270 kilometres north of Sydney, and is part of the New England (federal) and Upper Hunter (state) electorates.[3] Scone is in a farming area and is also noted for breeding Thoroughbred racehorses. It is known as the 'Horse capital of Australia'.[4]

History

St Luke's Anglican Church, Scone, NSW

First inhabitants of the region were the Wonnarua & Gamilaroi Aboriginal Peoples. Allan Cunningham was the first recorded European person to travel into the Scone area, reaching the Upper Dartbrook and Murrurundi areas in 1823.[5] Surveyor Henry Dangar travelled through the area, prior to passing over the Liverpool Range above Murrurundi in 1824. The first properties in the area were Invermein and Segenhoe in 1825. The town initially started as the village of Redbank in 1826 and in 1831 Hugh Cameron, a Scottish descendant put forward the name of Scone to Thomas Mitchell.[6] It was gazetted as Scone in 1837 and during the early days was renowned for its large pastoral properties including Belltrees and Segenhoe.[7] Early buildings were St Luke's Church, Scone Post Office, the Old Court Theatre (that is now a hall for musicals and plays), and the St Aubins' Inn.

Scone Shire was merged into the Upper Hunter Shire in 2004, integrating parts of the former Murrurundi and Merriwa shires.

The annual Scone Horse Festival is a celebration of Scone's cultural links to equines. It is celebrated during May and includes all manner of activities, including wine tours, Open Days across the numerous horse studs in the area, the Scone rodeo, the Scone School Horse Sports competition, the Black Tie Ball, and a parade in Kelly Street.

The main event is a horse racing carnival featuring the prestigious Scone Cup, one of the richest country racing days in New South Wales and Australia. Small celebrations are also a key part of the festival and include schools, businesses, public events and sports centres. The Horse Festival is also traditionally linked with such events as the Belltrees poetry competition, the yarns night and many other small annual fundraisers and events. Scone also hosts the Inglis Guineas Day, a major race meet, in the middle of May.[8]

The town is also home to some of the very old pony clubs and is known for a happening polo club. Besides these, the region is well known for its dairies and wineries.[9]

Belltrees Country House

Located on Gundy Road and is heritage listed.[10] The property is 23,000 acre farm.[11] In 1830 Hamilton Sempill was granted the land and called Belltree after an estate of an ancestor.[12] After Sempill returned to England, it was owned by explorer W C Wentworth.[12] In 1853, Wentworth sold the estate to the sons of John White.[12] Designed J W Pender for Henry Luke White in 1906.[10] In 1912 it was 160,000 enclosed with 3,200 km fencing and 64 buildings.[12]

Currently on the property there is a homestead built in 1908, St James chapel (1887), the original homestead which is now a museum, a trading store (1837) turned into an office, a shearing shed (1880) and a primary school.[13] Patrick White used the property as inspiration for his novel The Eye of the Storm (1973).[12] In 1994 the property became the set for the film A Matter of Honour.[11]

St Aubin's Arms

In 1836 Thomas and Henry Dangar leased 6 acres of property at St Aubin's Village from Captain William Dumaresq.[14] It was built in 1837 and is a pub located on 245 Kelly Street.[15] The first name was "The Bird in Hand' and the first owner was James Briggs until 1838.[16] There was seven rooms with attached attics, and a small paddock and stockyard.[16] In 1838 the pub was owned by George Chivers.[16] In 1840 the pub was robbed by the Jewboy gang.[16] In 1842, John P Wilkie brought the property and renamed it the White Swan Inn.[16] In 1888 the house was built on the property.[17] In 1917 it was put on market but did not sell due to World War I.[17] In 1938 the house was purchased.[17] The property sits on 4 acres of land.[15] It is a brick building with high ceilings, wide verandahs, cedar joinery and an underground cellar.[15] In the 1960s an additional wing was added.[15] The property now has five bedrooms, a library, lounge and dining areas.[15]

Turanville Estate

William Danger purchased 800 acres and was given permission to purchase the 1800 acres adjacent to the property.[18] It was well known for horse-breeding – producing racehorses and remounts for the Indian Army and attracted clientele from around the world.[19] Built in the early 1870s with 12 rooms and offices.[20] In 1888, a telephone line was installed to connect Turanville to Scone; it was the first connection to Scone from a property.[20] In 1854, Thomas Cook started to work on the property.[19] In 1889, Thomas Cook inherited the property from his uncle William Dangar.[19] After Cook inherited the property, it reached around 10,000 acres; he also built a homestead and gardens.[19] During the 1900s, a new roof made out iron with a front porch was added to replace the shingled one.[20] In 1912, the property was sold to Hugh Corbett Taylor, whose great grandson still lives on the property.[20] In 1938, Helen Ethel Moore and Douglas Hamilton Robertson took over the property.[20] In 1946, a renovation occurred which included demolishing the separate kitchen block and adding a southern wing to the house.[20] In 1963, Jock Douglas Roberyson and his Elizabeth took over running the property.[20] Since 2003, Douglas Hugh Robertson and his Nicola now run the property.[20]

Heritage listings

Scone has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Education

One of the first educational groups to be established in New South Wales was a reading society, The Scone Book Society, formed in 1841. This later became the Scone School of Arts, a Mechanics' Institute and library, which occupied buildings in Kingdon Street (1873-1917)[25] and Kelly Street (1924-1954).[26]

Present-day schools include:

There is also a campus of Hunter Institute of TAFE.

Transport

Scone lies on the Main North railway line, and is served by a passenger train service made up of a daily NSW TrainLink train to Sydney and local regular NSW TrainLink services to Newcastle.

The town is connected to nearby Gloucester via Scone Road, which traverses the Barrington Tops.

Climate

Scone has a humid subtropical (Cfa) with warm to hot summers and cool winters. Rainfall is less common in winter than in summer due to the foehn effect, as the town lies on the leeward side of the Great Dividing Range.[27]

Climate data for Scone Airport
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 43.5
(110.3)
43.5
(110.3)
41.0
(105.8)
36.0
(96.8)
28.7
(83.7)
24.4
(75.9)
24.5
(76.1)
29.8
(85.6)
34.1
(93.4)
39.0
(102.2)
43.4
(110.1)
42.4
(108.3)
43.5
(110.3)
Average high °C (°F) 31.1
(88.0)
29.8
(85.6)
27.9
(82.2)
24.5
(76.1)
20.1
(68.2)
17.0
(62.6)
16.3
(61.3)
18.3
(64.9)
21.5
(70.7)
24.9
(76.8)
27.7
(81.9)
30.2
(86.4)
24.1
(75.4)
Average low °C (°F) 16.9
(62.4)
16.9
(62.4)
14.6
(58.3)
11.3
(52.3)
8.1
(46.6)
6.0
(42.8)
4.7
(40.5)
5.5
(41.9)
7.9
(46.2)
10.8
(51.4)
13.3
(55.9)
15.7
(60.3)
11.0
(51.8)
Record low °C (°F) 8.2
(46.8)
8.6
(47.5)
4.7
(40.5)
1.3
(34.3)
−1.0
(30.2)
−2.0
(28.4)
−2.7
(27.1)
−3.0
(26.6)
−1.3
(29.7)
0.5
(32.9)
5.0
(41.0)
6.4
(43.5)
−3.0
(26.6)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 82.3
(3.24)
77.3
(3.04)
52.2
(2.06)
38.9
(1.53)
46.5
(1.83)
45.5
(1.79)
36.5
(1.44)
38.1
(1.50)
38.5
(1.52)
57.8
(2.28)
62.0
(2.44)
67.9
(2.67)
643.1
(25.32)
Average precipitation days 8.3 7.8 7.1 6.7 7.4 9.4 8.1 7.6 7.0 8.8 8.6 8.6 95.4
Source: [28]

See also

References

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Scone (State Suburb)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 25 January 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Scone (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 17 November 2009.
  3. ^ [1].
  4. ^ http://www.upperhuntertourism.com.au/scone
  5. ^ (https://scone.com.au/history/timeline/)
  6. ^ (https://scone.com.au/history/timeline/)
  7. ^ Scone History Retrieved on 11 October 2008
  8. ^ [2] Scone Race Club - Race Days - retrieved 8 October 2014
  9. ^ "Scone, NSW". Aussie Towns.
  10. ^ a b jonruwolt (15 March 2018). "Belltrees Country House". Federation Home. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  11. ^ a b "Belltrees Country House". Wiki Australia Travel Guide. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  12. ^ a b c d e "Gundy, NSW". Aussie Towns (in American English). Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  13. ^ Accommodation, Forster. "Belltrees Country House | Scone Foster Accommodation". Foster Accommodation. Retrieved 24 February 2021.
  14. ^ "St Aubins Arms". Scone Vet Dynasty (in Australian English). 27 November 2017. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  15. ^ a b c d e "HISTORIC "St Aubins Arms"1837" RESIDENCE ON 4..." Pat Gleeson Real Estate. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  16. ^ a b c d e "St Aubins Inn Scone". www.freesettlerorfelon.com. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  17. ^ a b c "St Aubin's: History of a Home". scone.com.au (in Australian English). 5 July 2018. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  18. ^ "William Dangar of Turanville Map 8". www.freesettlerorfelon.com. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  19. ^ a b c d jenniferr (13 November 2019). "Turanville & Tinagroo". Sydney Living Museums. Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  20. ^ a b c d e f g h "Turanville History – Turanville Shorthorns". Retrieved 3 March 2021.
  21. ^ "Scone Civic Theatre". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01660. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  22. ^ "Old Court Theatre". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H00340. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  23. ^ "Scone Post Office (Place ID 106199)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of the Environment. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  24. ^ "Scone Railway Station". New South Wales State Heritage Register. Office of Environment and Heritage. H01242. Retrieved 18 May 2018.
  25. ^ "School of Arts (1868-1916)" (PDF).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  26. ^ "School of Arts (1917-1924) Soldiers' Memorial School of Arts (1924-1954)" (PDF).{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  27. ^ Rain Shadows by Don White. Australian Weather News. Willy Weather. Retrieved 24 May 2021.
  28. ^ "Climate statistics for Scone SCS". Bureau of Meteorology. Retrieved 4 December 2013.

External links

Scone travel guide from Wikivoyage

  • [3] providing images of properties near Scone
  • Scone area visitor information centre