Sea Venom (missile)


Sea Venom
Anti-Navire Léger
TypeLight anti-ship missile
Place of originFrance
United Kingdom
Service history
In service2021 (Royal Navy)
Used byFrench Navy
Royal Navy
Production history
Mass110 kg (240 lb)[1]
Length2.5 m (8 ft 2 in)[1]
Diameter0.2 m (7.9 in)[1]
Warhead30 kg (66 lb)

20 km (12 mi; 11 nmi)[2]
Maximum speed High-subsonic
AgustaWestland AW159
Eurocopter AS565 Panther
NHIndustries NH90
Airbus H160[3]

Sea Venom is an Anglo-French lightweight anti-ship missile developed by MBDA to equip the French Navy and the Royal Navy.[4] The missile is known as Anti-Navire Léger (ANL) in France and Sea Venom (formerly "Future Anti-Surface Guided Weapon (Heavy)") in the United Kingdom. While initial operating capability had been expected with the Royal Navy in 2022, Sea Venom missiles were reported deployed with Royal Navy Wildcat helicopters operating as part of the Royal Navy's carrier strike group in 2021.[5][6][7][8] The first test launch, from an AS365 Dauphin helicopter of the French DGA defence procurement agency, successfully occurred on 21 June 2017.[9][10]


Sea Venom is designed as a successor to the French Navy's AS 15 TT and Royal Navy's Sea Skua missiles. When in service, Sea Venom will equip Eurocopter Panther and NH90 helicopters in the French Navy and Wildcat helicopters in the Royal Navy. Due to shared characteristics with its predecessors, MBDA claims Sea Venom will be able to readily integrate onto platforms that are already carrying Sea Skua and AS 15 TT.[4]

Much like its predecessors, Sea Venom is designed to attack surface targets, such as fast in-shore attack craft ranging in size of between 50–500 tonnes, as well as larger surface targets of up to corvette size. With its 30 kg warhead, the missile is also capable of inflicting significant damage to larger vessels through precision aim point selection, and can also attack static land-based targets. Whilst its precise range is currently unknown, MBDA has stated that the missile has a "long" stand-off range enabling it to be launched from beyond the reach of most modern air defence systems.[4] The missile is capable of several attack modes including sea skimming and "pop up/top attack."[2] Sea Venom uses an infrared seeker with the option of "man in the loop" track-via-missile guidance via data-link;[4] the high speed two-way data-link transmits the images "seen" by the seeker back to the operator, enabling them to remain in control of the missile throughout its flight in addition to having an autonomous engagement capability.[2]

MBDA is also working on a surface-launched variant of the missile.[9]


The Royal Navy declared Sea Venom an initial operating capability in May 2021 when it deployed them as part of United Kingdom Carrier Strike Group 21 on its maiden deployment to the Pacific. The missile equipped four Wildcat HMA2 helicopters embarked on the strike group's accompanying destroyers.[11]

See also


  1. ^ a b c "Sea Venom datasheet" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 13 August 2020.
  2. ^ a b c MBDA' Sea Venom/Anti-Navire Leger (ANL) Antiship Missile Testing Well On Track -, 13 October 2016
  3. ^ MBDA’s New Anti-Ship Missile Makes Progress. Aviation International News. 31 May 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d "SEA VENOM-ANL" (PDF). MBDA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 November 2014. Retrieved 12 December 2014.
  5. ^ "RN Wildcats field new anti-surface guided weapons for CSG21".
  6. ^ "The Martlet missile – the Wildcat helicopter gets its claws | Navy Lookout".
  7. ^ "FASGW(H) / ANL" (PDF). Retrieved 12 December 2014.[dead link]
  8. ^ Richard Scott (17 December 2018). "Sea Venom/ANL missile service entry faces year-long delay". IHS Janes. Retrieved 18 December 2018.
  9. ^ a b Successful First Test Firing for MBDA Sea Venom / ANL Anti-ship Missile -, 4 July 2017
  10. ^ Hoyle, Craig (5 July 2017), "Anglo-French anti-ship missile completes first test",
  11. ^ Scott, Richard (24 May 2021). "RN Wildcats field new anti-surface guided weapons for CSG21". Jane's Information Group. Retrieved 29 September 2021.

External links

  • - Farnborough 2014