|Operator||NASA / JPL / Caltech|
|Mission duration||105 days|
|Launch mass||2,290 kg (5,050 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||27 June 1978, 01:12UTC|
|Rocket||Atlas E/F Agena-D|
|Launch site||Vandenberg SLC-3W|
|End of mission|
|Last contact||10 October 1978UTC|
|Perigee altitude||769 kilometers (478 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||799 kilometers (496 mi)|
|Epoch||26 June 1978, 21:12:00 UTC|
Seasat was the first Earth-orbiting satellite designed for remote sensing of the Earth's oceans and had on board one of the first spaceborne synthetic-aperture radar (SAR). The mission was designed to demonstrate the feasibility of global satellite monitoring of oceanographic phenomena and to help determine the requirements for an operational ocean remote sensing satellite system. Specific objectives were to collect data on sea-surface winds, sea-surface temperatures, wave heights, internal waves, atmospheric water, sea ice features and ocean topography. Seasat was managed by NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory and was launched on 27 June 1978 into a nearly circular 800 km (500 mi) orbit with an inclination of 108°. Seasat operated until 10 October 1978 (UTC), when a massive short circuit in the Agena-D bus electrical system ended the mission.
Seasat carried five major instruments designed to return the maximum information from ocean surfaces:
Many later remote sensing missions benefited from Seasat's legacy. These include imaging radars flown on NASA's Space Shuttle, altimeters on Earth-orbiting satellites such as TOPEX/Poseidon, and scatterometers on ADEOS I, QuikSCAT, and Jason-1.
On the 35th anniversary of Seasat's launch, the Alaska Satellite Facility released newly digitized Seasat synthetic aperture radar (SAR) imagery. Until this release, Seasat SAR data were archived on magnetic tapes, and images processed from the tapes were available only as optical images of film strips or scanned digital images. Neither the tapes nor the film allow the quantitative analysis possible with the new digital archive.
Seasat is claimed to have been able to detect the wakes of submerged submarines. This supposed capability was unexpected. The conspiracy theory holds that when this capability was discovered, the mission was ended for national security reasons, and the end of the mission was falsely blamed on catastrophic failure of the satellite's electric power system. Subsequent Ocean-observing SAR satellites with higher resolutions and sensitivities have not exhibited this claimed capability.
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