Chapter I of the Constitution of Australia establishes the Parliament of Australia and its role as the legislative branch of the Government of Australia.[1] The chapter consists of 60 sections which are organised into 5 parts.

Part I: General

Part I contains 6 sections:

  • Section 1: Legislative power
  • Section 2: Governor-General
  • Section 3: Salary of Governor-General
  • Section 4: Provisions relating to Governor-General
  • Section 5: Sessions of Parliament. Prorogation and dissolution
  • Section 6: Yearly session of Parliament

Part II: The Senate

Part II contains 17 sections:

  • Section 7: The Senate
  • Section 8: Qualification of electors
  • Section 9: Method of election of senators
  • Section 10: Application of State laws
  • Section 11: Failure to choose senators
  • Section 12: Issue of writs
  • Section 13: Rotation of senators
  • Section 14: Further provision for rotation
  • Section 15: Casual vacancies
  • Section 16: Qualifications of senator
  • Section 17: Election of President
  • Section 18: Absence of President
  • Section 19: Resignation of senator
  • Section 20: Vacancy by absence
  • Section 21: Vacancy to be notified
  • Section 22: Quorum
  • Section 23: Voting in the Senate

Part III: The House of Representatives

Part III contains 17 sections:

  • Section 24: Constitution of House of Representatives
  • Section 25: Provision as to races disqualified from voting
  • Section 26: Representatives in first Parliament
  • Section 27: Alteration of number of members
  • Section 28: Duration of House of Representatives
  • Section 29: Electoral divisions
  • Section 30: Qualification of electors
  • Section 31: Application of State laws
  • Section 32: Writs for general election
  • Section 33: Writs for vacancies
  • Section 34: Qualifications of members
  • Section 35: Election of Speaker
  • Section 36: Absence of Speaker
  • Section 37: Resignation of member
  • Section 38: Vacancy by absence
  • Section 39: Quorum
  • Section 40: Voting in House of Representatives

Part IV: Both Houses of the Parliament

Part IV consists of 10 sections:

  • Section 41: Right of electors of States
  • Section 42: Oath or affirmation of allegiance
  • Section 43: Member of one House ineligible for other
  • Section 44: Disqualification
  • Section 45: Vacancy on happening of disqualification
  • Section 46: Penalty for sitting when disqualified
  • Section 47: Disputed elections
  • Section 48: Allowance to members
  • Section 49: Privileges etc. of Houses
  • Section 50: Rules and orders

Part V: Powers of the Parliament

Part V consists of 10 sections:

  • Section 51: Legislative powers of the Parliament
  • Section 52: Exclusive powers of the Parliament
  • Section 53: Powers of the Houses in respect of legislation
  • Section 54: Appropriation Bills
  • Section 55: Tax Bill
  • Section 56: Recommendation of money votes
  • Section 57: Disagreement between the Houses
  • Section 58: Royal assent to Bills
  • Section 59: Disallowance by the Queen
  • Section 60: Signification of Queen's pleasure on Bills reserved

References

  1. ^ "Chapter I - The Parliament". Constitution of Australia. Retrieved 27 August 2012.

External links

  • Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act: Chapter I - The Parliament