Seniority in the United States House of Representatives

Summary

This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.

How seniority is calculatedEdit

Members of the House are arranged by the number of terms they have served, before being arranged by the beginning date of their most recent continuous service. Where members have served the same number of terms and have the same date of service, they are arranged alphabetically by last name.[1]

Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 1999. When a representative has served a prior tenure of fewer than two terms (i.e., elected in a special election to fill a vacancy, so their prior tenure length measured in terms, minus one, equals less than one), they are ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.[citation needed]

Benefits of seniorityEdit

Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership.[2] Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.

Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings.

The more senior a representative is, the more likely the representative is to receive desirable committee assignments or leadership posts such as the Democratic Steering and Policy Committee or Republican Policy Committee. Normally, the more senior a representative is in a committee, the more likely the representative will be chosen to be the committee chair (if a member of the majority party) or ranking member (if a member of the minority party). However, in some more powerful and exclusive committees like the House Committee on Energy and Commerce and House Committee on Appropriations, even the most senior member is not guaranteed to be selected as the chair.[citation needed]

VacanciesEdit

Current seniority listEdit

Rank Member Party District Seniority date Previous service [a]
Committee and leadership positions
1 Hal Rogers R Kentucky 5 January 3, 1981 Dean of the House
2 Chris Smith R New Jersey 4  
3 Steny Hoyer D Maryland 5 May 19, 1981 Majority Leader
4 Marcy Kaptur D Ohio 9 January 3, 1983  
5 Peter DeFazio D Oregon 4 January 3, 1987 Chair: Transportation and Infrastructure
6 Fred Upton R Michigan 6  
7 Nancy Pelosi D California 12 June 2, 1987 Speaker of the House
8 Frank Pallone D New Jersey 6 November 8, 1988 Chair: Energy and Commerce
9 Richard Neal D Massachusetts 1 January 3, 1989 Chair: Ways and Means
10 David Price D North Carolina 4 January 3, 1997 1987–1995  
11 Rosa DeLauro D Connecticut 3 January 3, 1991 Chair: Appropriations
12 Maxine Waters D California 43 Chair: Financial Services
13 Jerry Nadler D New York 10 November 3, 1992 Chair: Judiciary
14 Jim Cooper D Tennessee 5 January 3, 2003 1983–1995  
15 Sanford Bishop D Georgia 2 January 3, 1993
16 Ken Calvert R California 42
17 Jim Clyburn D South Carolina 6 Majority Whip
18 Anna Eshoo D California 18  
19 Eddie Bernice Johnson D Texas 30 Chair: Science, Space and Technology
20 Carolyn Maloney D New York 12 Chair: Oversight and Government Reform
21 Lucille Roybal-Allard D California 40  
22 Bobby Rush D Illinois 1
23 Bobby Scott D Virginia 3 Chair: Education and Labor
24 Nydia Velázquez D New York 7 Chair: Small Business
25 Bennie Thompson D Mississippi 2 April 13, 1993 Chair: Homeland Security
26 Frank Lucas R Oklahoma 3 May 10, 1994 Ranking Member: Science, Space and Technology
27 Lloyd Doggett D Texas 35 January 3, 1995  
28 Mike Doyle D Pennsylvania 18
29 Sheila Jackson Lee D Texas 18
30 Zoe Lofgren D California 19 Chair: House Administration
31 Earl Blumenauer D Oregon 3 May 21, 1996  
32 Robert Aderholt R Alabama 4 January 3, 1997
33 Kevin Brady R Texas 8 Ranking Member: Ways and Means
34 Danny K. Davis D Illinois 7  
35 Diana DeGette D Colorado 1
36 Kay Granger R Texas 12 Ranking Member: Appropriations
37 Ron Kind D Wisconsin 3  
38 Jim McGovern D Massachusetts 2 Chair: Rules
39 Bill Pascrell D New Jersey 9  
40 Brad Sherman D California 30
41 Adam Smith D Washington 9 Chair: Armed Services
42 Gregory Meeks D New York 5 February 3, 1998 Chair: Foreign Affairs
43 Barbara Lee D California 13 April 7, 1998  
44 Steve Chabot R Ohio 1 January 3, 2011 1995–2009
45 John B. Larson D Connecticut 1 January 3, 1999
46 Grace Napolitano D California 32
47 Jan Schakowsky D Illinois 9
48 Mike Simpson R Idaho 2
49 Mike Thompson D California 5
50 Pete Sessions R Texas 17 January 3, 2021 1997–2019
51 Sam Graves R Missouri 6 January 3, 2001 Ranking Member: Transportation and Infrastructure
52 James Langevin D Rhode Island 2  
53 Rick Larsen D Washington 2
54 Betty McCollum D Minnesota 4
55 Adam Schiff D California 28 Chair: Intelligence
56 Stephen F. Lynch D Massachusetts 8 October 16, 2001  
57 Joe Wilson R South Carolina 2 December 18, 2001
58 Michael C. Burgess R Texas 26 January 3, 2003
59 John Carter R Texas 31
60 Tom Cole R Oklahoma 4 Ranking Member: Rules
61 Mario Díaz-Balart R Florida 25  
62 Raúl Grijalva D Arizona 3 Chair: Natural Resources
63 Mike Rogers R Alabama 3 Ranking Member: Armed Services
64 Dutch Ruppersberger D Maryland 2  
65 Tim Ryan D Ohio 13
66 Linda Sánchez D California 38
67 David Scott D Georgia 13 Chair: Agriculture
68 Mike Turner R Ohio 10 Ranking Member: Intelligence
69 G. K. Butterfield D North Carolina 1 July 20, 2004  
70 Darrell Issa R California 50 January 3, 2021 2001–2019
71 Emanuel Cleaver D Missouri 5 January 3, 2005
72 Jim Costa D California 16
73 Henry Cuellar D Texas 28
74 Virginia Foxx R North Carolina 5 Ranking Member: Education and Labor
75 Louie Gohmert R Texas 1  
76 Al Green D Texas 9
77 Brian Higgins D New York 26
78 Michael McCaul R Texas 10 Ranking Member: Foreign Affairs
79 Patrick McHenry R North Carolina 10 Ranking Member: Financial Services
80 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R Washington 5 Ranking Member: Energy and Commerce
81 Gwen Moore D Wisconsin 4  
82 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D Florida 23
83 Doris Matsui D California 6 March 8, 2005
84 Albio Sires D New Jersey 8 November 7, 2006
85 Gus Bilirakis R Florida 12 January 3, 2007
86 Vern Buchanan R Florida 16
87 Kathy Castor D Florida 14
88 Yvette Clarke D New York 9
89 Steve Cohen D Tennessee 9
90 Joe Courtney D Connecticut 2
91 Hank Johnson D Georgia 4
92 Jim Jordan R Ohio 4 Ranking Member: Judiciary
93 Doug Lamborn R Colorado 5
94 Kevin McCarthy R California 23 Minority Leader
95 Jerry McNerney D California 9  
96 Ed Perlmutter D Colorado 7
97 John Sarbanes D Maryland 3
98 Adrian Smith R Nebraska 3
99 Peter Welch D Vermont at-large
100 John Yarmuth D Kentucky 3 Chair: Budget
101 Bob Latta R Ohio 5 December 11, 2007  
102 Rob Wittman R Virginia 1
103 André Carson D Indiana 7 March 11, 2008
104 Jackie Speier D California 14 April 8, 2008
105 Steve Scalise R Louisiana 1 May 3, 2008 Minority Whip
106 Gerry Connolly D Virginia 11 January 3, 2009  
107 Brett Guthrie R Kentucky 2
108 Jim Himes D Connecticut 4
109 Blaine Luetkemeyer R Missouri 3 Ranking Member: Small Business
110 Tom McClintock R California 4  
111 Chellie Pingree D Maine 1
112 Bill Posey R Florida 8
113 Kurt Schrader D Oregon 5
114 Glenn Thompson R Pennsylvania 15 Ranking Member: Agriculture
115 Paul Tonko D New York 20  
116 Mike Quigley D Illinois 5 April 7, 2009
117 Judy Chu D California 27 July 14, 2009
118 John Garamendi D California 3 November 3, 2009
119 Ted Deutch D Florida 22 April 13, 2010 Chair: Ethics
120 Tim Walberg R Michigan 7 January 3, 2011 2007–2009  
121 Bill Foster D Illinois 11 January 3, 2013 2008–2011
122 Kweisi Mfume D Maryland 7 April 28, 2020 1987–1996
123 Karen Bass D California 37 January 3, 2011
124 Mo Brooks R Alabama 5
125 Larry Bucshon R Indiana 8
126 David Cicilline D Rhode Island 1
127 Rick Crawford R Arkansas 1
128 Scott DesJarlais R Tennessee 4
129 Jeff Duncan R South Carolina 3
130 Chuck Fleischmann R Tennessee 3
131 Bob Gibbs R Ohio 7
132 Paul Gosar R Arizona 4
133 Morgan Griffith R Virginia 9
134 Andy Harris R Maryland 1
135 Vicky Hartzler R Missouri 4
136 Jaime Herrera Beutler R Washington 3
137 Bill Huizenga R Michigan 2
138 Bill Johnson R Ohio 6
139 Bill Keating D Massachusetts 9
140 Mike Kelly R Pennsylvania 16
141 Adam Kinzinger R Illinois 16
142 Billy Long R Missouri 7
143 David McKinley R West Virginia 1
144 Steven Palazzo R Mississippi 4
145 David Schweikert R Arizona 6
146 Austin Scott R Georgia 8
147 Terri Sewell D Alabama 7
148 Daniel Webster R Florida 11
149 Frederica Wilson D Florida 24
150 Steve Womack R Arkansas 3
151 Mark Amodei R Nevada 2 September 13, 2011
152 Suzanne Bonamici D Oregon 1 January 31, 2012
153 Suzan DelBene D Washington 1 November 6, 2012
154 Thomas Massie R Kentucky 4
155 Donald Payne Jr. D New Jersey 10
156 Dina Titus D Nevada 1 January 3, 2013 2009–2011
157 Andy Barr R Kentucky 6
158 Joyce Beatty D Ohio 3
159 Ami Bera D California 7
160 Julia Brownley D California 26
161 Cheri Bustos D Illinois 17
162 Tony Cárdenas D California 29
163 Matt Cartwright D Pennsylvania 8
164 Joaquin Castro D Texas 20
165 Rodney Davis R Illinois 13 Ranking Member: House Administration
166 Lois Frankel D Florida 21  
167 Richard Hudson R North Carolina 8
168 Jared Huffman D California 2
169 Hakeem Jeffries D New York 8 Democratic Caucus Chair
170 David Joyce R Ohio 14  
171 Dan Kildee D Michigan 5
172 Derek Kilmer D Washington 6
173 Ann McLane Kuster D New Hampshire 2
174 Doug LaMalfa R California 1
175 Alan Lowenthal D California 47
176 Sean Patrick Maloney D New York 18
177 Grace Meng D New York 6
178 Markwayne Mullin R Oklahoma 2
179 Scott Perry R Pennsylvania 10
180 Scott Peters D California 52
181 Mark Pocan D Wisconsin 2
182 Tom Rice R South Carolina 7
183 Raul Ruiz D California 36
184 Chris Stewart R Utah 2
185 Eric Swalwell D California 15
186 Mark Takano D California 41 Chair: Veterans' Affairs
187 Juan Vargas D California 51  
188 Marc Veasey D Texas 33
189 Ann Wagner R Missouri 2
190 Jackie Walorski R Indiana 2 Ranking Member: Ethics
191 Randy Weber R Texas 14  
192 Brad Wenstrup R Ohio 2
193 Roger Williams R Texas 25
194 Robin Kelly D Illinois 2 April 9, 2013
195 Jason Smith R Missouri 8 June 4, 2013 Ranking Member: Budget
196 Katherine Clark D Massachusetts 5 December 10, 2013 Assistant Speaker
197 Alma Adams D North Carolina 12 November 4, 2014  
198 Donald Norcross D New Jersey 1
199 Ann Kirkpatrick D Arizona 2 January 3, 2019 2009–2011, 2013–2017
200 Ed Case D Hawaii 1 2002–2007
201 Pete Aguilar D California 31 January 3, 2015
202 Rick W. Allen R Georgia 12
203 Brian Babin R Texas 36
204 Don Beyer D Virginia 8
205 Mike Bost R Illinois 12 Ranking Member: Veterans' Affairs
206 Brendan Boyle D Pennsylvania 2  
207 Ken Buck R Colorado 4
208 Buddy Carter R Georgia 1
209 Mark DeSaulnier D California 11
210 Debbie Dingell D Michigan 12
211 Tom Emmer R Minnesota 6
212 Ruben Gallego D Arizona 7
213 Garret Graves R Louisiana 6
214 Glenn Grothman R Wisconsin 6
215 Jody Hice R Georgia 10
216 French Hill R Arkansas 2
217 John Katko R New York 24 Ranking Member: Homeland Security
218 Brenda Lawrence D Michigan 14  
219 Ted Lieu D California 33
220 Barry Loudermilk R Georgia 11
221 John Moolenaar R Michigan 4
222 Alex Mooney R West Virginia 2
223 Seth Moulton D Massachusetts 6
224 Dan Newhouse R Washington 4
225 Gary Palmer R Alabama 6
226 Kathleen Rice D New York 4
227 David Rouzer R North Carolina 7
228 Elise Stefanik R New York 21
229 Norma Torres D California 35
230 Bonnie Watson Coleman D New Jersey 12
231 Bruce Westerman R Arkansas 4 Ranking Member: Natural Resources
232 Lee Zeldin R New York 1  
233 Trent Kelly R Mississippi 1 June 2, 2015
234 Darin LaHood R Illinois 18 September 10, 2015
235 Warren Davidson R Ohio 8 June 7, 2016
236 James Comer R Kentucky 1 November 8, 2016 Ranking Member: Oversight and Government Reform
237 Dwight Evans D Pennsylvania 3  
238 Brad Schneider D Illinois 10 January 3, 2017 2013–2015
239 David Valadao R California 21 January 3, 2021 2013–2019
240 Jodey Arrington R Texas 19 January 3, 2017
241 Don Bacon R Nebraska 2
242 Jim Banks R Indiana 3
243 Nanette Barragán D California 44
244 Jack Bergman R Michigan 1
245 Andy Biggs R Arizona 5
246 Lisa Blunt Rochester D Delaware at-large
247 Anthony G. Brown D Maryland 4
248 Ted Budd R North Carolina 13
249 Salud Carbajal D California 24
250 Liz Cheney R Wyoming at-large
251 Lou Correa D California 46
252 Charlie Crist D Florida 13
253 Val Demings D Florida 10
254 Neal Dunn R Florida 2
255 Adriano Espaillat D New York 13
256 Drew Ferguson R Georgia 3
257 Brian Fitzpatrick R Pennsylvania 1
258 Matt Gaetz R Florida 1
259 Mike Gallagher R Wisconsin 8
260 Vicente Gonzalez D Texas 15
261 Josh Gottheimer D New Jersey 5
262 Clay Higgins R Louisiana 3
263 Trey Hollingsworth R Indiana 9
264 Pramila Jayapal D Washington 7
265 Mike Johnson R Louisiana 4
266 Ro Khanna D California 17
267 Raja Krishnamoorthi D Illinois 8
268 David Kustoff R Tennessee 8
269 Al Lawson D Florida 5
270 Brian Mast R Florida 18
271 Donald McEachin D Virginia 4
272 Stephanie Murphy D Florida 7
273 Tom O'Halleran D Arizona 1
274 Jimmy Panetta D California 20
275 Jamie Raskin D Maryland 8
276 John Rutherford R Florida 4
277 Lloyd Smucker R Pennsylvania 11
278 Darren Soto D Florida 9
279 Thomas Suozzi D New York 3
280 Ron Estes R Kansas 4 April 11, 2017
281 Jimmy Gomez D California 34 June 6, 2017
282 Ralph Norman R South Carolina 5 June 20, 2017
283 John Curtis R Utah 3 November 7, 2017
284 Conor Lamb D Pennsylvania 17 March 13, 2018
285 Debbie Lesko R Arizona 8 April 24, 2018
286 Michael Cloud R Texas 27 June 30, 2018
287 Troy Balderson R Ohio 12 August 7, 2018
288 Kevin Hern R Oklahoma 1 November 6, 2018
289 Joseph Morelle D New York 25
290 Mary Gay Scanlon D Pennsylvania 5
291 Susan Wild D Pennsylvania 7
292 Steven Horsford D Nevada 4 January 3, 2019 2013–2015
293 Colin Allred D Texas 32
294 Kelly Armstrong R North Dakota at-large
295 Cindy Axne D Iowa 3
296 Jim Baird R Indiana 4
297 Tim Burchett R Tennessee 2
298 Sean Casten D Illinois 6
299 Ben Cline R Virginia 6
300 Angie Craig D Minnesota 2
301 Dan Crenshaw R Texas 2
302 Jason Crow D Colorado 6
303 Sharice Davids D Kansas 3
304 Madeleine Dean D Pennsylvania 4
305 Veronica Escobar D Texas 16
306 Lizzie Fletcher D Texas 7
307 Russ Fulcher R Idaho 1
308 Chuy García D Illinois 4
309 Sylvia Garcia D Texas 29
310 Jared Golden D Maine 2
311 Anthony Gonzalez R Ohio 16
312 Lance Gooden R Texas 5
313 Mark E. Green R Tennessee 7
314 Michael Guest R Mississippi 3
315 Josh Harder D California 10
316 Jahana Hayes D Connecticut 5
317 Chrissy Houlahan D Pennsylvania 6
318 Dusty Johnson R South Dakota at-large
319 John Joyce R Pennsylvania 13
320 Andy Kim D New Jersey 3
321 Susie Lee D Nevada 3
322 Andy Levin D Michigan 9
323 Mike Levin D California 49
324 Elaine Luria D Virginia 2
325 Tom Malinowski D New Jersey 7
326 Lucy McBath D Georgia 6
327 Dan Meuser R Pennsylvania 9
328 Carol Miller R West Virginia 3
329 Joe Neguse D Colorado 2
330 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez D New York 14
331 Ilhan Omar D Minnesota 5
332 Chris Pappas D New Hampshire 1
333 Greg Pence R Indiana 6
334 Dean Phillips D Minnesota 3
335 Katie Porter D California 45
336 Ayanna Pressley D Massachusetts 7
337 Guy Reschenthaler R Pennsylvania 14
338 John Rose R Tennessee 6
339 Chip Roy R Texas 21
340 Kim Schrier D Washington 8
341 Mikie Sherrill D New Jersey 11
342 Elissa Slotkin D Michigan 8
343 Abigail Spanberger D Virginia 7
344 Greg Stanton D Arizona 9
345 Pete Stauber R Minnesota 8
346 Bryan Steil R Wisconsin 1
347 Greg Steube R Florida 17
348 Haley Stevens D Michigan 11
349 Van Taylor R Texas 3
350 William Timmons R South Carolina 4
351 Rashida Tlaib D Michigan 13
352 Lori Trahan D Massachusetts 3
353 David Trone D Maryland 6
354 Lauren Underwood D Illinois 14
355 Jeff Van Drew R[b] New Jersey 2
356 Michael Waltz R Florida 6
357 Jennifer Wexton D Virginia 10
358 Fred Keller R Pennsylvania 12 May 21, 2019
359 Dan Bishop R North Carolina 9 September 10, 2019
360 Greg Murphy R North Carolina 3
361 Mike Garcia R California 25 May 12, 2020
362 Tom Tiffany R Wisconsin 7
363 Chris Jacobs R New York 27 June 23, 2020
364 Claudia Tenney R New York 22 February 11, 2021 2017–2019
365 Jake Auchincloss D Massachusetts 4 January 3, 2021
366 Cliff Bentz R Oregon 2
367 Stephanie Bice R Oklahoma 5
368 Lauren Boebert R Colorado 3
369 Carolyn Bourdeaux D Georgia 7
370 Jamaal Bowman D New York 16
371 Cori Bush D Missouri 1
372 Kat Cammack R Florida 3
373 Jerry Carl R Alabama 1
374 Madison Cawthorn R North Carolina 11
375 Andrew Clyde R Georgia 9
376 Byron Donalds R Florida 19
377 Pat Fallon R Texas 4
378 Randy Feenstra R Iowa 4
379 Michelle Fischbach R Minnesota 7
380 Scott L. Fitzgerald R Wisconsin 5
381 Scott Franklin R Florida 15
382 Andrew Garbarino R New York 2
383 Carlos A. Giménez R Florida 26
384 Tony Gonzales R Texas 23
385 Bob Good R Virginia 5
386 Marjorie Taylor Greene R Georgia 14
387 Diana Harshbarger R Tennessee 1
388 Yvette Herrell R New Mexico 2
389 Ashley Hinson R Iowa 1
390 Ronny Jackson R Texas 13
391 Sara Jacobs D California 53
392 Mondaire Jones D New York 17
393 Kai Kahele D Hawaii 2
394 Young Kim R California 39
395 Jake LaTurner R Kansas 2
396 Teresa Leger Fernandez D New Mexico 3
397 Nancy Mace R South Carolina 1
398 Nicole Malliotakis R New York 11
399 Tracey Mann R Kansas 1
400 Kathy Manning D North Carolina 6
401 Lisa McClain R Michigan 10
402 Peter Meijer R Michigan 3
403 Mary Miller R Illinois 15
404 Mariannette Miller-Meeks R Iowa 2
405 Barry Moore R Alabama 2
406 Blake Moore R Utah 1
407 Frank J. Mrvan D Indiana 1
408 Troy Nehls R Texas 22
409 Marie Newman D Illinois 3
410 Jay Obernolte R California 8
411 Burgess Owens R Utah 4
412 August Pfluger R Texas 11
413 Matt Rosendale R Montana at-large
414 Deborah K. Ross D North Carolina 2
415 Maria Elvira Salazar R Florida 27
416 Victoria Spartz R Indiana 5
417 Michelle Steel R California 48
418 Marilyn Strickland D Washington 10
419 Ritchie Torres D New York 15
420 Beth Van Duyne R Texas 24
421 Nikema Williams D Georgia 5
422 Julia Letlow R Louisiana 5 March 20, 2021
423 Troy Carter D Louisiana 2 April 24, 2021
424 Melanie Stansbury D New Mexico 1 June 1, 2021
425 Jake Ellzey R Texas 6 July 27, 2021
426 Shontel Brown D Ohio 11 November 2, 2021
427 Mike Carey R Ohio 15
428 Sheila Cherfilus-McCormick D Florida 20 January 11, 2022
Rank Member Party District Seniority date Previous service [a]
Committee and leadership positions

DelegatesEdit

Delegates are non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives.

Rank Delegate Party District Seniority date
(Previous service, if any)
1 Eleanor Holmes Norton D District of Columbia at-large January 3, 1991
2 Gregorio Sablan I[c] Northern Mariana Islands at-large January 3, 2009
3 Stacey Plaskett D United States Virgin Islands at-large January 3, 2015
4 Amata Coleman Radewagen R American Samoa at-large
5 Jenniffer González Colón NPP/R Puerto Rico at-large January 3, 2017
6 Michael San Nicolas D Guam at-large January 3, 2019

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.
  2. ^ A party change does not affect seniority.
  3. ^ Caucuses with the Democrats for the purpose of committee assignments.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Terms of Service for Members of the House of Representatives". Historian of the United States House of Representatives. Retrieved November 28, 2020.
  2. ^ "House Seniority and Committee Leadership". U.S. News & World Report. December 8, 2006.

External linksEdit

  • "Terms of Service for Members of the House of Representatives in the 116th Congress" (PDF). September 24, 2019. Retrieved September 26, 2019 – via Clerk of the House of Representatives.