Sentinel-2B is a European optical imaging satellite that was launched on 7 March 2017. It is the second Sentinel-2 satellite launched as part of the European Space Agency's Copernicus Programme, and its orbit will be phased 180° against Sentinel-2A. The satellite carries a wide swath high-resolution multispectral imager with 13 spectral bands. It will provide information for agriculture and forestry, among others allowing for prediction of crop yields.[4]

Sentinel 2-IMG 5873-white (crop).jpg
Model of a Sentinel 2 satellite
Mission typeEarth observation
OperatorEuropean Space Agency (ESA)
COSPAR ID2017-013A Edit this at Wikidata
SATCAT no.42063
WebsiteSentinel-2 (ESA)
Mission duration7 years (planned)[1]
5 years, 8 months, 25 days (elapsed)
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSentinel-2
ManufacturerAirbus Defence and Space
Launch mass1,140 kilograms (2,510 lb)
Dry mass1,017 kilograms (2,242 lb)
Dimensions3.4 by 1.8 by 2.35 metres (11.2 ft × 5.9 ft × 7.7 ft)
Power1700 watts
Start of mission
Launch date7 March 2017, 01:49:24 UTC[2]
RocketVega (VV-09)
Launch siteKourou, SLV
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit[3]
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Altitude780 km
Period100.45 minutes
BandS-band (TT&C support),
X-band and optical laser through European Data Relay System (EDRS) (data acquisition)
Bandwidth64 kbit/s upload (S-band]]),
128 kbit/s - 2 Mbit/s download
520 Mbit/s download
(X-band / Optical)
Multi-Spectral Imager (MSI)

Mission historyEdit

A €105 million contract for the construction of the spacecraft was signed in March 2010 by ESA's Director of Earth Observation Programmes and the CEO of Astrium Satellites.[5] It was completed in June 2016,[6][7] and the satellite was transported to the European Space Research and Technology Centre (ESTEC) for the test campaign.[8][9]


The spacecraft arrived at the Centre Spatial Guyanais on 6 January 2017 for pre-launch operations.[10]

Launch took place at the nominal time of 01:49:24 UTC on 7 March 2017 on board Vega flight VV09. The spacecraft was injected into its target orbit at 02:47:21 UTC.[2][11]


  1. ^ "Sentinel-2: The Operational Compernicus Optical High Resolution Land Mission" (PDF). European Space Agency. 2013. Retrieved 23 June 2015.
  2. ^ a b Clark, Stephen (7 March 2017). "Environmental sentinel launched from French Guiana". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  3. ^ "Sentinel 2B - Orbit". Heavens-Above. 9 March 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2017.
  4. ^ "Sentinel-2B Launch Preparations Off to a Flying Start". European Space Agency. 12 January 2017. Retrieved 10 March 2017.
  5. ^ "Astrium to build ESA's second Sentinel-2 satellite for GMES". European Space Agency. 31 March 2010. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  6. ^ "Airbus DS completes Sentinel-2B – Satellite News Digest". SupremeSAT. 16 June 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  7. ^ "Airbus Defence and Space completes second Copernicus "Eye"" (Press release). Airbus Defence and Space. 15 June 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  8. ^ Porter, G. (21 June 2016). "Sentinel-2B entering LSS". European Space Agency. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  9. ^ "Sentinel-2B goes through environmental testing at ESTEC". Rhea Group. 29 July 2016. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  10. ^ Rider, Honora (12 January 2017). "Sentinel-2B unveiled". European Space Agency. Retrieved 1 February 2017.
  11. ^ "Launch Kit: VV09, Sentinel-2B" (PDF). Arianespace. 27 February 2017. Retrieved 9 March 2017.

External linksEdit

  • Sentinel-2 programme at ESA's Sentinel Online
  • Sentinel-2 programme at
  • Real-time orbital tracking -