Shanghai Astronomical Observatory


Shanghai Astronomical Observatory (SHAO), is an astronomical observatory in Shanghai. It has a long history of astrometry, and also operates the 25-meter (82 ft) Sheshan radio telescope as part of the Chinese VLBI array and the European VLBI Network (EVN). It was formed in 1962 from the merger of the Xujiahui (also romanized as "Ziikawei") and Sheshan (Zose) observatories in Shanghai. It was involved with the Chang'e 1 moon mission as the VLBI array is used for position determinations.

Shanghai Observatory, Xujiahui Station
Shanghai astronomical observatory.jpg
OrganizationChinese Academy of Sciences
LocationXujiahui, Xuhui District, Shanghai
Coordinates31°11′25″N 121°25′46″E / 31.19028°N 121.42944°E / 31.19028; 121.42944Coordinates: 31°11′25″N 121°25′46″E / 31.19028°N 121.42944°E / 31.19028; 121.42944
Shanghai Observatory, Xujiahui Station is located in Shanghai
Shanghai Observatory, Xujiahui Station
Shanghai Observatory, Xujiahui Station
Location in Shanghai
Related media on Wikimedia Commons
Shanghai Observatory, Sheshan Station
OrganizationChinese Academy of Sciences
Observatory code337
LocationSheshan, Songjiang District, Shanghai
Coordinates31°05′57″N 121°11′58″E / 31.09917°N 121.19944°E / 31.09917; 121.19944
Altitude100 m (330 ft)
Weather~130 clear nights/year
Tian Ma65-m radio telescope
Sheshan25-m radio telescope
Unnamed1.56-m Optical telescope
Unnamed60-cm Laser telescope
Shanghai Observatory, Sheshan Station is located in Shanghai
Shanghai Observatory, Sheshan Station
Shanghai Observatory, Sheshan Station
Location in Shanghai
Related media on Wikimedia Commons


In October 2012 the Tian Ma 65-meter (213 ft) radio telescope was completed for SHAO.[1] It is part of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.

List of directorsEdit

  • Li Heng (李珩) (1962 − Cultural Revolution)
  • Ye Shuhua (1978−1979)
  • Li Heng (1979–1981)
  • Ye Shuhua (1981−1993)
  • Zhao Junliang (赵君亮) (1993−2003)
  • Liao Xinhao (廖新浩) (2003−2005, as executive vice director)
  • Hong Xiaoyu (洪晓瑜) (2005−2017, as executive vice director until 2007)
  • Shen Zhiqiang (沈志强; 2017–present)[2]

See alsoEdit

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ "Shanghai 65-Meter Radio Telescope Sees the First Light----Shanghai Astronomical Observatory,Chinese Academy of Sciences".
  2. ^ 历任台长. Shanghai Astronomical Observatory. Retrieved 2018-12-10.