Shaurya (missile)

Summary

Shaurya
'Shourya' missile test fired on November 12, 2008.jpg
Shaurya Missile first test launch
TypeHypersonic surface-to-surface tactical missile
Place of origin{India
Service history
Used byStrategic Forces Command
Production history
DesignerDefence Research and Development Organisation
ManufacturerBharat Dynamics Limited
Produced2011–present
Specifications
Mass6.2 t (6.8 short tons)[1]
Length10 m (33 ft)[1][2]
Diameter0.74 m (2.4 ft)[1]
WarheadConventional and strategic nuclear weapon
Warhead weight200–1,000 kilograms (440–2,200 lb)

EngineTwo-stage solid rocket motor
PropellantSolid fuel
Operational
range
700 to 1,900 km (430 to 1,180 mi)[3]
Flight altitude50 km (31 mi) [1]
Maximum speed Mach 7.5 (9,187.8 km/h; 5,709.1 mph; 2.55218 km/s)[1]
Guidance
system
Ring laser gyro inertial navigation system and accelerometer
Accuracy20 m to 30 m CEP[4]
Launch
platform
Canisterised transporter erector launcher or underground silo[1]

The Shaurya (IAST: shāuryā; en: "Bravery") is a canister launched hypersonic surface-to-surface tactical missile developed by the Indian Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) for use by the Indian Armed Forces. It has a range of 700 to 1,900 km (430 to 1,180 mi) and is capable of carrying a payload of 200 to 1,000 kg (440 to 2,200 lb) conventional or nuclear warhead.[5] It gives the potential to strike at very-long-range against any adversary.[2][6]

Description

The Shaurya missile is speculated to be the land version of the under-water Sagarika K-15 missile,[7] although the DRDO officials have reportedly denied its connection with the K-15 programme.[8] Shaurya is stored in a composite canister, which makes it much easier to store for long periods without maintenance as well as to handle and transport. It also houses the gas generator to eject the missile from the canister before its solid propellant motors take over to hurl it at the intended target.

At Defexpo 2010 the missile was displayed without the container shroud, mounted on a land-mobile erector-launcher.[9] Shaurya missiles can remain hidden or camouflaged in underground silos from enemy surveillance or satellites till they are fired from the special storage-cum-launch canisters. If put in silos, the DRDO scientists state that given Shaurya's limited range at present, either the silos will have to be constructed closer to India's borders or an extended range version will have to be developed. Defence scientists say the high-speed, two-stage Shaurya is highly manoeuvrable which also makes it less vulnerable to existing anti-missile defence systems.[10][11]

Shaurya can reach a velocity of Mach 7.5 even at low altitudes. On 12 November 2008, the missile reached a velocity of Mach 5 as it crossed a distance of 300 km, with a surface temperature of 700 °Celsius. The missile performed rolls to spread the heat uniformly on its surface. Flight time was between 500 seconds and 700 seconds. It has been described as a complex system with high-performance navigation and guidance systems, efficient propulsion systems, state-of-the-art control technologies and canisterised launch. It can be easily transported by road and launched by TEL. The missile, encased in a canister, is mounted on a single vehicle, which has only a driver's cabin, and the vehicle itself is the launch platform. This "single vehicle solution" reduces its signature – it cannot be easily detected by satellites – and makes its deployment easy. The gas generator, located at the bottom of the canister, fires for about a second and a half. It produces high pressure gas, which expands and ejects the missile from the tube. The missile has six motors; the first one is the motor in the gas generator. The centrepiece of a host of new technologies incorporated in Shaurya is its ring laser gyroscope and accelerometer. The ring laser gyroscope was tested and integrated by the Research Centre Imarat (RCI) based in Hyderabad.[5]

The Shaurya missile was revealed to be designed specifically to be fired from submarines. A top DRDO scientist has confirmed this and further said that after taking off and reaching a height of about 50 km, the missile starts flying like a hypersonic cruise missile. Once it reaches the target area it manoeuvres towards the target before striking with an accuracy of 20 to 30 m within the target area.[12]

Testing

The missile was launched from an underground facility with an in-built canister from Complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur.[13]

The missile was successfully test-fired for the third time, from the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur, Odisha, on Saturday 24 September 2011, in its final configuration. The missile flew at 7.5 Mach, and covered its full range of 700 km in 500 seconds. After this test, the missile is ready for production and induction into the Navy.[1]

On 3 October 2020, DRDO successfully test-fired an advanced version of the Shaurya from Balasore as part of user trials.[14][15][16] The Shaurya missile can strike targets at a range of around 800 kilometres that will complement the existing class of missile systems. The advance version of Shaurya is light weight and reaches hypersonic speed during the last phase of moving close to the target to render missile defense and countermeasure systems useless.[17][18]

Operators

Gallery

See also

Related development

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g "India successfully test-fires Shourya missile". 24 September 2011 – via The Hindu.
  2. ^ a b "News Archives". The Hindu. 2008-11-14. Archived from the original on 2008-12-16.
  3. ^ "Shaurya".
  4. ^ http://www.nti.org/media/pdfs/design_characteristics_of_india_ballistic_cruise_missiles.pdf?_=1415821730
  5. ^ a b T. S. Subramanian (20 December 2008 – 2 January 2009). "Missile success". Frontline. Vol. 25 no. 26. The Hindu Group. ISSN 0970-1710.
  6. ^ "India successfully test fires 'Shaurya' missile". expressindia.com. November 12, 2008.
  7. ^ Subramanian, T.S. (13 November 2008). "Shourya test-fired successfully". The Hindu. Archived from the original on 16 December 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
  8. ^ "India successfully test-fires ballistic missile". RIA Novosti. 12 November 2008. Retrieved 13 November 2013.
  9. ^ "Shaurya Missile". YouTube. Archived from the original on 2021-12-05.
  10. ^ Pandit, Rajat (November 13, 2008). "India successfully test fires Shaurya missile". The Times of India. Archived from the original on October 10, 2011.
  11. ^ https://fas.org/blogs/security/2010/09/df21c/
  12. ^ "national - News - msn". msn.com. Archived from the original on 2012-03-27. Retrieved 2010-02-17.
  13. ^ "Shaurya Missile Test this week". in.com. 20 September 2011. Archived from the original on 25 September 2011.
  14. ^ "India set to launch hypersonic nuclear-capable Shaurya missile on Saturday". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  15. ^ "India successfully test-fires nuclear capable hypersonic missile Shaurya". The New Indian Express. Retrieved 2020-10-03.
  16. ^ News, Indian Defence. "India successfully tests nuclear-capable Shaurya missile". Defence News, Indian Defence News, IDRW, Indian Armed Forces. Retrieved 2020-10-25.
  17. ^ Khan, Sami (3 October 2020). "India test-fires Shaurya missile; can strike target at 800kms". International Business Times. Retrieved 5 October 2020.
  18. ^ "India successfully tests advanced version of nuclear-capable Shaurya ballistic missile". Timesnownews.
  19. ^ Gupta, Shishir (6 October 2020). "Govt okays induction of nuke-capable Shaurya missile amid Ladakh standoff". Hindustan Times. Retrieved 8 October 2020.

External links

  • CSIS Missile Threat - Shaurya/Sagarika
  • Shourya/Sagarika Missile