|Mission type||Chinese Space Station crew transport|
|Operator||China Manned Space Agency|
|Mission duration||180 days (planned)|
5 days and 23 minutes (in progress)
|Manufacturer||China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||15 October 2021, 16:23:56 UTC|
|Rocket||Long March 2F|
|Launch site||Jiuquan, LA-4/SLS|
|Contractor||China Academy of Launch Vehicle Technology|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||April 2022 (planned)|
|Landing site||Inner Mongolia, China|
|Reference system||Geocentric orbit|
|Regime||Low Earth orbit|
|Docking with Chinese Space Station|
|Docking date||15 October 2021, 22:56 UTC|
|Time docked||4 days, 17 hours and 51 minutes (in progress)|
Shenzhou 13 mission patch
Ye Guangfu, Zhai Zhigang and Wang Yaping
Shenzhou 13 (Chinese: 神舟十三号; pinyin: Shénzhōu Shísān-hào) is the eighth crewed Chinese spaceflight and the thirteenth flight of the Shenzhou program. The spacecraft carried three People's Liberation Army Astronaut Corps (PLAAC) taikonauts on the second flight to the Tianhe core module, the first module of the Tiangong space station. The launch of the three-person crew with a Long March-2F launch vehicle from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center took place on October 15, 2021 at 16:23 UTC, and the return is planned for spring 2022.
The spaceflight is the first of the upcoming missions set to last six months (180 days). After that, the six-month stay aboard the space station will become the normal duration of the astronaut crew in orbit. The flight marks the second of four crewed missions scheduled to dock with the Tiangong space station by the end of construction in 2022.
The spacecraft was launched on a Long March-2F launch vehicle in Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in China's Gobi Desert on 15 October 2021, at 16:23:56 UTC. After about six-and-a-half hours flight it arrived at Chinese space station Tiangong. The mission docked with the Tianhe core module at 22:56 UTC, on 15 October 2021, following the launch and successful docking of Tianzhou 3 on 20 September 2021, the third flight of China's Tianzhou cargo resupply craft.
The crew entered the Tianhe core module later on 16 October 2021, at 01:58 UTC as the second expedition to the Tiangong space station.
Shenzhou 14 will be in standby for any possible rescue mission.
Shenzhou 13 spacecraft is based heavily on Soyuz MS technology. Shenzhou was approved in 1992 as part of the Chinese space program Project 921, and has a design similar to the Russian Soyuz spacecraft.
In the front of the spacecraft, there is the orbital module which contains an androgynous docking ring based on APAS technology, which is used to dock to the Tianhe core module. In the middle is the reentry module containing the crew which is a scaled-up version of the Soyuz descent module. The rear of the spacecraft is the service module which is equipped with engines, fuel tanks, and solar panels.
The crew was publicly announced in a press conference on 14 October 2021.
PLASSF Major General Zhai Zhigang is a veteran of Shenzhou 7. Colonel Wang Yaping, who became the first woman to visit the Tiangong Space Station, previously flew on Shenzhou 10. Colonel Ye Guangfu makes his first flight to space. If Shenzhou 13 completes the 180-day mission as planned, Wang will have spent about 195 days in space, setting a new record for a Chinese astronaut.
|Commander|| Zhai Zhigang, PLAAC|
|Operator|| Wang Yaping, PLAAC|
|System operator|| Ye Guangfu, PLAAC|
The landing of the Shenzhou 13 crew is scheduled for spring 2022. A comprehensive evaluation of the two missions Shenzhou 12 and Shenzhou 13 will then take place. If necessary, the approval for the further expansion of the space station with the two science Laboratory Cabin Module Wentian and Mengtian will be granted.