Shinshiro

Summary

Shinshiro (新城市, Shinshiro-shi) is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 44,581 in 17,691 households,[1] and a population density of 89.3 persons per km². The total area of the city is 499.23 square kilometres (192.75 sq mi).

Shinshiro
新城市
Battle of Nagashino Festival
Battle of Nagashino Festival
Flag of Shinshiro
Official seal of Shinshiro
Location of Shinshiro in Aichi Prefecture
Location of Shinshiro in Aichi Prefecture
Shinshiro is located in Japan
Shinshiro
Shinshiro
 
Coordinates: 34°54′57.3″N 137°29′55″E / 34.915917°N 137.49861°E / 34.915917; 137.49861Coordinates: 34°54′57.3″N 137°29′55″E / 34.915917°N 137.49861°E / 34.915917; 137.49861
CountryJapan
RegionChūbu (Tōkai)
PrefectureAichi
Government
 • MayorRyoji Hozumi (since October 2005)
Area
 • Total499.23 km2 (192.75 sq mi)
Population
 (October 1, 2019)
 • Total44,581
 • Density89/km2 (230/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Phone number0536-23-1111
Address6-1 Higashi-Iribune, Shinshiro-shi, Aichi-ken 441-1392
ClimateCfa
WebsiteOfficial website
Symbols
BirdEurasian scops-owl
FlowerLilium auratum
TreePrunus serrulata
Downtown of Shinshiro city

GeographyEdit

Shinshiro is located in east-central Aichi Prefecture. Much of the northern and eastern portion of the city area is covered in mountains and forest, and most is within the borders of the Aichi Kōgen Quasi-National Park

ClimateEdit

The city has a climate characterized by hot and humid summers, and relatively mild winters (Köppen climate classification Cfa). The average annual temperature in Shinshiro is 15.4 °C (59.7 °F). The average annual rainfall is 2,085.5 mm (82.11 in) with July as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 26.6 °C (79.9 °F), and lowest in January, at around 4.4 °C (39.9 °F).[2]

Climate data for Shinshiro (2003−2020 normals, extremes 2002−present)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.3
(64.9)
21.5
(70.7)
25.2
(77.4)
29.6
(85.3)
33.1
(91.6)
36.0
(96.8)
39.6
(103.3)
38.4
(101.1)
36.4
(97.5)
32.7
(90.9)
25.7
(78.3)
23.1
(73.6)
39.6
(103.3)
Average high °C (°F) 10.0
(50.0)
11.5
(52.7)
14.8
(58.6)
19.7
(67.5)
24.4
(75.9)
27.0
(80.6)
30.2
(86.4)
32.0
(89.6)
28.8
(83.8)
23.6
(74.5)
18.2
(64.8)
12.4
(54.3)
21.1
(69.9)
Daily mean °C (°F) 4.4
(39.9)
5.8
(42.4)
8.8
(47.8)
13.6
(56.5)
18.3
(64.9)
21.8
(71.2)
25.4
(77.7)
26.6
(79.9)
23.4
(74.1)
17.9
(64.2)
12.1
(53.8)
6.7
(44.1)
15.4
(59.7)
Average low °C (°F) −0.9
(30.4)
0.4
(32.7)
2.8
(37.0)
7.6
(45.7)
12.7
(54.9)
17.7
(63.9)
21.7
(71.1)
22.5
(72.5)
19.3
(66.7)
13.4
(56.1)
7.1
(44.8)
1.6
(34.9)
10.5
(50.9)
Record low °C (°F) −8.2
(17.2)
−8.5
(16.7)
−4.1
(24.6)
−2.8
(27.0)
3.0
(37.4)
10.2
(50.4)
17.0
(62.6)
17.3
(63.1)
11.3
(52.3)
3.7
(38.7)
−2.0
(28.4)
−5.6
(21.9)
−8.5
(16.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 51.6
(2.03)
100.7
(3.96)
167.0
(6.57)
192.0
(7.56)
220.3
(8.67)
229.6
(9.04)
299.6
(11.80)
186.0
(7.32)
255.3
(10.05)
221.0
(8.70)
96.3
(3.79)
66.1
(2.60)
2,085.5
(82.11)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 5.3 7.1 9.0 9.7 9.8 12.4 13.1 9.9 11.2 10.6 7.6 5.9 111.6
Mean monthly sunshine hours 191.1 176.5 205.2 202.8 210.0 145.3 161.4 204.9 162.4 163.2 170.3 178.6 2,171.7
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency[3][2]

DemographicsEdit

Per Japanese census data,[4] the population of Shinshiro has started to decline rapidly over the past 20 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1960 59,891—    
1970 54,042−9.8%
1980 54,239+0.4%
1990 54,583+0.6%
2000 53,603−1.8%
2010 49,871−7.0%

Neighboring municipalitiesEdit

 Aichi Prefecture
 Shizuoka Prefecture

HistoryEdit

 
Battle of Nagashino in 1575

Middle AgesEdit

The area of present-day Shinshiro was part of the territories of the Okudaira clan, the predecessors of the Matsudaira clan and Tokugawa clan during the Sengoku period. Their stronghold, Nagashino Castle in what is now the northern part of Shinshiro, was the site of the Battle of Nagashino, between the forces of Oda Nobunaga and the Takeda clan. Noda Castle, at which Takeda Shingen was wounded at the Siege of Noda was also located within the borders of Shinshiro.

Early modern periodEdit

During the Edo period, most of the area was tenryō territory ruled directly by the Tokugawa shogunate through hatamoto administrators.

Late modern periodEdit

After the start of the Meiji period, Shinshiro Town in Minamishitara District, Aichi Prefecture was proclaimed on 1 October 1889 with the establishment of the modern municipalities system.

Contemporary historyEdit

The area of the town expanded through annexation of neighboring villages in 1955 and 1956. The city of Shinshiro was proclaimed on 1 November 1958.

On 1 October 2005, the town of Hōrai, and the village of Tsukude (both from Minamishitara District) were merged into Shinshiro. The city of Shinshiro now covers all of former Minamishitara District.

GovernmentEdit

 
Shinshiro city hall

Shinshiro has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral city legislature of 18 members. The city contributes one member to the Aichi Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Aichi District 14 of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

EconomyEdit

Primary sector of the economyEdit

AgricultureEdit

Shinshiro is a regional commercial center, with the economy concentrated on agriculture, especially chicken farming, and light manufacturing.

EducationEdit

UniversityEdit

SchoolsEdit

Shinshiro has 13 public elementary schools and six public junior high schools operated by the city government, and one public high school operated by the Aichi Prefectural Board of Education. There are also one private high school.

TransportationEdit

RailwaysEdit

Conventional linesEdit

 Central Japan Railway Company

RoadsEdit

ExpresswaysEdit

Japan National RouteEdit

External relationsEdit

Twin towns – Sister citiesEdit

InternationalEdit

NationalEdit

World New Castle summitEdit

Shinshiro was part of the 1998 summit of worldwide cities named "New Castle" with:

Neuburg an der Donau, Germany
Neuchâtel, Switzerland
Neufchâteau, Vosges, France
New Castle, Delaware, United States
New Castle, Indiana, United States
New Castle, Pennsylvania, United States
Newcastle-under-Lyme, England
Newcastle upon Tyne, England
Newcastle, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa

Local attractionsEdit

Notable people from ShinshiroEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Shinshiro City official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. ^ a b 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
  3. ^ 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA. Retrieved April 13, 2022.
  4. ^ Shinshiro population statistics
  5. ^ "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Retrieved 21 November 2015.

External linksEdit

  • Official website (in Japanese)
  • Shinshiro City official website (in English)