Siege of Bahadur Benda
Part of Maratha-Mysore War
DateJanuary 1787
Location
Bahadur Benda
Result Mysore victory. (Last battle of Maratha Mysore War)[1][2]
Belligerents
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svgMaratha Empire Sultanate of Mysore
Commanders and leaders
Flag of the Maratha Empire.svgHaripant Tipu Sultan

The Siege of Bahadur Benda happened between the forces of Tipu Sultan of Mysore and the Maratha forces of Haripant.[1] On 1 January 1787 the Marathas had taken up position between Gajendragad and Koppal.[2] On 3 January, Tipu Sultan laid siege upon the fort of Bahadur Benda, which was occupied by the Marathas at that time.[2] Haripant attempted to try to stop Tipu's advances, but was unable to do so.[2] The Maratha forces capitulated on condition of their lives being saved.[1] After conquering Bahadur Benda, Tipu continued his efforts against the Marathas and the Nizam.[2] These hostilities would continue until 10 February.[1] This was the final battle between the Maratha Empire and the Sultanate of Mysore.

Reception

This battle dealt a severe blow to the Marathas. An English reporter of the Malet's News Agency reported, "It is amazing that such a strong fort as this was taken in seven or eight days and the Maratha army between four or five leagues distance."[1]

Aftermath

Following this battle and the defeat of the Marathas by Tipu Sultan's forces, Tipu seems to have decided that it would be wiser to focus his energy against the invading British. Tipu wrote a letter to the Marathas recommending that they should sue for peace by sending two representatives.[1] The Marathas, who had suffered immensely in the war between them and the Sultanate of Mysore, planned to do no such thing as they were certain of British military aid helping them. However, when the British were unable to provide the aid to the Marathas, the Marathas under Nana decided to sue for peace.[1]

Peace agreement

In a series of exchanges, the peace agreement would solidify that Tipu would release Kalopant and return Adoni, Kittur, and Nargund to their previous rulers.[1] Badami would be ceded to the Marathas. Tipu would pay an annual tribute of 12 lakhs per year to the Marathas.[1] In return, Tipu would get all the places that they had captured in the war, including Gajendragarh and Dharwar.[1] Tipu would also be addressed by the Marathas by an honorary title of "Nabob Tipu Sultan, Fateh Ali Khan." The peace agreement has been criticized as too easy on the Marathas, who had lost the war against the Kingdom of Mysore.[1] Tipu Sultan, however, appeared much more concerned about the British than the Marathas and therefore sought to consolidate his resources for a campaign against the British.

References

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Mohibbul Hasan, History of Tipu Sultan, p. 105-107
  2. ^ a b c d e Sailendra Nath Sen, Anglo-Maratha Relations, 1785-96, Volume 2, p. 55