Siege of Rouen (1591)


Siege of Rouen
Part of the French War of Religion (1587–1594) and the Anglo–Spanish War
DateDecember 1591 – May 1592
Location49°26′34″N 1°05′19″E / 49.4428°N 1.0886°E / 49.4428; 1.0886Coordinates: 49°26′34″N 1°05′19″E / 49.4428°N 1.0886°E / 49.4428; 1.0886
Result Spanish-Catholic victory[1][2]
Kingdom of France French Royal Army
Dutch Republic United Provinces
Catholic League of France
Commanders and leaders
Kingdom of France Henry IV of France
Kingdom of France Baron de Biron
Kingdom of England Robert Devereux

André de Brancas

Spain Duke of Parma
Spain Carlos Coloma

The siege of Rouen (December 1591 – May 1592) was an unsuccessful attempt by Henry IV of France to capture Rouen, the historical capital city of Normandy. The battle took place as part of the French Wars of Religion, the Eighty Years' War, and the Anglo–Spanish War (1585–1604).[1][2] Although he had claimed the throne in 1589, Henry, a Huguenot, was not recognized by many of his Catholic subjects, and he was forced to fight against a Catholic League determined to resist his rule, and which was aided by Spain.

At Rouen the combined French, English, and Dutch forces of Henry IV battled the troops of the Catholic League, commanded by André de Brancas, Amiral de Villars, and the Spanish forces led by Don Alexander Farnese, Duke of Parma (Spanish: Alejandro Farnesio). The city resisted until the arrival of the Spanish troops, which defeated and forced the Protestant forces to lift the siege.[1][2]

See also


  1. ^ a b c Alan James p.40
  2. ^ a b c Mueller/Scodel p.9


  • James, Alan. The Navy and Government in Early Modern France, 1572-1661. First published 2004. Woodbridge, Suffolk, UK. ISBN 0-86193-270-6
  • Janel Mueller/Joshua Scodel. Elizabeth I: Translations, 1592-1598. The University of Chicago.

External links

  • History of the United Netherlands: from the Death of William the Silent to the Twelve Years' Truce - 1609: Volume 3