Sir David Dalrymple, 1st Baronet


Sir David Dalrymple, 1st Baronet, of Hailes (1665 – 3 December 1721) was a Scottish advocate and politician who sat in the Parliament of Scotland from 1698 to 1707 and in the British House of Commons from 1707 to 1721. He served as Lord Advocate, and eventually Auditor of the Exchequer in Scotland in 1720.

Dalrymple's home at Newhailes, near Musselburgh

David Dalrymple was the fifth and youngest son of James Dalrymple, 1st Viscount of Stair and his wife Margaret Ross, daughter of James Ross of Balneil, Wigtown.[1] He was educated at the University of Edinburgh and was awarded MA in 1681, and then studied at the University of Utrecht in 1682. He was admitted a member of the Faculty of Advocates on 3 November 1688. On 4 April 1691 he married Janet, daughter of Sir James Rocheid of Inverleith, the widow of Alexander Murray of Melgund.[2]

Dalrymple was elected to represent Culross in 1698 in the Parliament of Scotland,[3] as a member of the Stair–Queensberry alliance. He was created baronet on 8 May 1701 and was also appointed joint solicitor-general for Scotland and auditor of treasury of Scotland in 1701. He was a Commissioner for the union with England in 1702, and again in 1706 when he was one of the Commissioners who negotiated the Act of Union 1707.

In 1707 Dalrymple was one of the Scottish representatives to the first Parliament of Great Britain and at the 1708 British general election, he was returned as Member of Parliament for Haddington. In 1709 he was promoted from solicitor-general to the post of Lord Advocate of Scotland . Also in 1709, he bought Whitehills House, renaming it Newhailes after the Dalrymple's Castle Hailes. He was returned again for Haddington at the 1710 British general election. In 1711 he lost the post of Lord Advocate under the Tory administration. In 1712, he was elected Dean of the Faculty of Advocates which he held for the rest of his life. He was returned again at the 1713 British general election and regained his post as Lord Advocate in 1714.[2]

Dalrymple was returned as MP for Haddington at the 1715 British general election. He was Commissioner of visitation for Glasgow University in 1717 and 1718, and for St Andrews University in 1718. He was appointed auditor general of the Scottish Exchequer in 1720.[4]

Dalrymple died on 3 December 1721. By his wife he had three sons and a daughter:

Dalrymple was an enthusiastic bibliophile and added a remarkable Library Wing to Newhailes to accommodate his large book collection. This extension to the building was completed in around 1722.[5]


  1. ^ Cokayne, George Edward, ed. (1904), Complete Baronetage volume 4 (1665-1707), vol. 4, Exeter: William Pollard and Co, p. 396, retrieved 5 July 2019
  2. ^ a b "DALRYMPLE, Hon. Sir David, 1st Bt. (c.1665-1721), of Hailes, Haddington". History of Parliament Online. Retrieved 15 August 2018.
  3. ^ Foster, Joseph, ed. (1882), Members of Parliament, Scotland 1357-1882, Hazell, Watson and Viney, retrieved 5 July 2019
  4. ^ "DALRYMPLE, Hon. Sir David, 1st Bt. (c.1665-1721), of Hailes, Haddington". History of Parliament Online (1715-1754). Retrieved 5 July 2019.
  5. ^ Horrocks, Hilary (2017), Newhailes, National Trust for Scotland, p. 22
Parliament of Scotland
Preceded by
William Erskine
Burgh Commissioner for Culross
Succeeded by
Parliament of Great Britain
Preceded by Member of Parliament for Scotland
Succeeded by
Constituency split
Preceded by
New Creation
Member of Parliament for Haddington
Succeeded by
Baronetage of Nova Scotia
New creation Baronet
(of Hailes)
Succeeded by