Soho House

Summary

Soho House is a museum run by Birmingham Museums Trust, celebrating Matthew Boulton's life, his partnership with James Watt, his membership of the Lunar Society of Birmingham and his contribution to the Midlands Enlightenment and the Industrial Revolution. It is a Grade II* listed 18th-century house in Handsworth, part of Birmingham since 1911, but historically in the county of Staffordshire.[1] It was the home of entrepreneur Matthew Boulton from 1766 until his death in 1809, and a regular meeting-place of the Lunar Society.

Soho House
Sohohouse1.JPG
Soho House from the front
LocationHandsworth
Coordinates52°29′59″N 1°55′22″W / 52.4996°N 1.9229°W / 52.4996; -1.9229Coordinates: 52°29′59″N 1°55′22″W / 52.4996°N 1.9229°W / 52.4996; -1.9229
OS grid referenceSP 05332 89078
AreaBirmingham
Builtc. 1756
Governing bodyBirmingham Museums Trust
OwnerBirmingham City Council
Listed Building – Grade II*
Designated25 April 1952
Reference no.1076151
Soho House is located in West Midlands county
Soho House
Location in West Midlands
Soho House (middle building); rear view with side buildings, as seen from today's access road.

HistoryEdit

Matthew Boulton, one of the 18th century's most significant entrepreneurs,[2] acquired the lease of the five-year-old Soho Mill in 1761 and developed it into Soho Manufactory.[3] He expanded the cottage next to it into Soho House, changing it several times. It is faced with sheets of painted slate to give the appearance of large stone blocks. Boulton moved into Soho House when the Manufactory was completed. The Soho Manufactory was demolished in 1863.[4]

In 1766, Boulton became one of the founders of the Lunar Society.[5] In 1789, Boulton commissioned Samuel Wyatt to extend the buildings and fully revamp it and the gardens.[6] Work on extending the building was completed in 1796 following the submission of designs by James Wyatt, Samuel's brother, for the additions of a main entrance front.[4] Wyatt was also responsible for the large dining room, the regular venue for meetings of the Lunar Society.[2] It is a Grade II* listed building.

After Boulton's death, in the house, it passed to his son Matthew Robinson Boulton and later his grandson, Matthew Piers Watt Boulton, who eventually sold it in 1850.[7] It then had a number of owners, and was at one time used as a residential hostel for police officers, before being acquired by Birmingham City Council in 1990[8] and being opened by them as a museum in 1995.[9]

FeaturesEdit

 
The Blue Plaque

Soho House has been restored, retaining its 18th-century appearance,[10] with "fine collections of ormolu, silver, furniture and paintings".[11] Of particular note are the displays of silver and ormolu which were made in the manufactory, and the ormolu Sidereal clock made by Boulton and Fothergill, in 1771-72.[11] There is a Blue Plaque commemorating Matthew Boulton on the house.[12] The garden, once over 100 acres in size but now less than half an acre, contains a walk with sphinxes, dated to around 1795.[13] Part of the garden has been recreated using Boulton’s original planting notes.[11]

MuseumEdit

Soho House is a Heritage Site and branch museum of the Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery, owned by Birmingham City Council. Since April 2012 the Heritage Sites and all other museums formerly run by the council have been run by Birmingham Museums Trust. It hosts exhibitions of local and community interest. Previously free, since April 2011 admission charges apply for entry to the house. It remains free to under 16s. Gardens, grounds and visitor facilities are free to all visitors. Artists-in-residence at the house have included Vanley Burke and Pauline Bailey.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Parish Boundaries of Handsworth". Handsworth Historical Society. Archived from the original on 15 September 2013. Retrieved 3 September 2013.
  2. ^ a b Country Life. Country Life, Limited. 1997. pp. 140–3.
  3. ^ Quickenden, Baggott & Dick 2013, p. 20.
  4. ^ a b The Newcomen Bulletin. Newcomen Society for the Study of the History of Engineering and Technology. 1994. pp. 31–2.
  5. ^ Schofield 1963.
  6. ^ Dickinson 2010, p. 184.
  7. ^ Quickenden, Baggott & Dick 2013, p. 23.
  8. ^ Ballard 2009, p. 87.
  9. ^ Ballard 2009, p. XIV.
  10. ^ Quinn 2008, p. 114.
  11. ^ a b c "Soho House". Birmingham Museums & Art Gallery. Archived from the original on 14 December 2013. Retrieved 10 December 2013.
  12. ^ "Blue Plaques". Birmingham Civic Society. Archived from the original on 29 September 2011. Retrieved 10 February 2013.
  13. ^ National Art-Collections Fund Review. National Art-Collections Fund. 2001. p. 114.

BibliographyEdit

  • Ballard, Phillada; Loggie, Val; Mason, Shena (2009). Lost Landscape: Matthew Boulton's Gardens at Soho. Phillimore. ISBN 978-1860775635.
  • Dickinson, H. W. (31 October 2010). Matthew Boulton. Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-108-01224-9.
  • Kennedy, Liam (15 April 2013). Remaking Birmingham: The Visual Culture of Urban Regeneration. Routledge. ISBN 978-1-134-44258-4.
  • Quickenden, Kenneth; Baggott, Sally; Dick, Malcolm (31 January 2013). Matthew Boulton: Enterprising Industrialist of the Enlightenment. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. ISBN 978-1-4094-7334-3.
  • Quinn, Tom (1 August 2008). Hidden Britain. New Holland Publishers. ISBN 978-1-84773-129-6.
  • Robert E. Schofield (1963). The Lunar Society of Birmingham: a social history of provincial science and industry in eighteenth-century England. Clarendon Press.
  • Historic England. "Grade II* (1076151)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 December 2007.

External linksEdit

  • Soho House Official website
  • Soho House - Service for Schools - Educational teaching sessions and resources at Soho House
  • Soho House for Kids - fun and games for children based on Soho House