Sokolac

Summary

Sokolac

Соколац
Sokolac4.jpg
Location of Sokolac within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Sokolac within Bosnia and Herzegovina
Location of Sokolac
Coordinates: 43°56′10″N 18°47′52″E / 43.93611°N 18.79778°E / 43.93611; 18.79778Coordinates: 43°56′10″N 18°47′52″E / 43.93611°N 18.79778°E / 43.93611; 18.79778
CountryBosnia and Herzegovina
EntityRepublika Srpska
CityIstočno Sarajevo
Government
 • MayorMilovan Bjelica (SDS)
Area
 • Total693.45 km2 (267.74 sq mi)
Population
 (2013 census)
 • Total12,021
 • Density17/km2 (45/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Area code(s)57

Sokolac (Serbian Cyrillic: Соколац) is a municipality of the city of Istočno Sarajevo located in Republika Srpska, an entity of Bosnia and Herzegovina. As of 2013, it has a population of 12,021 inhabitants, while the town of Sokolac has a population of 5,919 inhabitants.

Demographics

Population

Population of settlements – Sokolac municipality
Settlement 1961. 1971. 1981. 1991. 2013.
Total 17,053 15,281 14,833 12,021
1 Baltići 185 403
2 Brejakovići 153 218
3 Knežina 465 237
4 Novo Selo 119 693
5 Podromanija 377 1,268
6 Ravna Romanija 115 237
7 Sokolac 1,132 2,464 3,649 5,562 5,919
8 Vidrići 243 257

Ethnic composition

Ethnic composition – Sokolac town
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 5,919 (100,0%) 5,562 (100,0%) 3,649 (100,0%) 2,464 (100,0%)
Serbs 5,182 (93,17%) 3,211 (88,00%) 2,256 (91,56%)
Bosniaks 262 (4,711%) 140 (3,837%) 107 (4,343%)
Others 61 (1,097%) 5 (0,137%) 8 (0,325%)
Yugoslavs 47 (0,845%) 224 (6,139%) 16 (0,649%)
Croats 10 (0,180%) 34 (0,932%) 43 (1,745%)
Montenegrins 29 (0,795%) 30 (1,218%)
Albanians 5 (0,137%) 3 (0,122%)
Macedonians 1 (0,027%)
Hungarians 1 (0,041%)
Ethnic composition – Sokolac municipality
2013. 1991. 1981. 1971.
Total 12,021 (100,0%) 14,883 (100,0%) 15,281 (100,0%) 17,053 (100,0%)
Serbs 11,250 (93,59%) 10,195 (68,50%) 9,743 (63,76%) 11,006 (64,54%)
Bosniaks 671 (5,582%) 4,493 (30,19%) 4,817 (31,52%) 5,790 (33,95%)
Others 71 (0,591%) 93 (0,625%) 123 (0,805%) 47 (0,276%)
Croats 29 (0,241%) 19 (0,128%) 57 (0,373%) 128 (0,751%)
Yugoslavs 83 (0,558%) 486 (3,180%) 23 (0,135%)
Montenegrins 42 (0,275%) 53 (0,311%)
Macedonians 6 (0,039%) 1 (0,006%)
Albanians 5 (0,033%) 3 (0,018%)
Slovenes 1 (0,007%)
Hungarians 1 (0,007%) 2 (0,012%)

Economy

For many years, the agriculture has been an important part of Sokolac's economy. For most inhabitants, agriculture is not only a way to make a living, but also a family tradition.[citation needed] Sokolac used to be known for its high quality potatoes; until recently, potato chip manufacturing was a promising industry for the region.[citation needed] Livestock production is the second largest agricultural industry in the community. The area surrounding Sokolac is well known for its quality grasslands, due to the foggy, moist conditions that keep the grass green for much of the year and make it well suited for grazing dairy, cattle and sheep.[citation needed] Beef, cattle and mutton/lamb are the second largest export of the community. Although Sokolac has a small dairy factory, the milk market production is very small. Sokolac is surrounded by high quality woodlands, which have been largely cut down in last ten years.[when?][citation needed] Although this industry generates the most revenue for the community, only a small percentage of people work in that industry.

Sokolac is an important intersection for regional transport routes. The roads that intersect in Sokolac are between Sarajevo and the Adriatic Sea, Belgrade, Užice, Banja Luka and Bijeljina.[1]

Sokolac has a large forest complex. The municipality possesses 38,013 hectares of forest, of which 94.76% of it is state-owned forest whilst 5.24% is private property.[citation needed] This gives Sokolac a total timber supply of up to 8,482,000 cubic meters.[citation needed] Of agricultural land (32,834 hectares), meadows and pastures comprise 28,232 hectares and fields and orchards comprise 4,602 hectares.[citation needed]

Economic preview

The following table gives a preview of total number of registered people employed in legal entities per their core activity (as of 2018):[2]

Activity Total
Agriculture, forestry and fishing 525
Mining and quarrying -
Manufacturing 392
Electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning supply 54
Water supply; sewerage, waste management and remediation activities -
Construction 360
Wholesale and retail trade, repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles 373
Transportation and storage 90
Accommodation and food services 70
Information and communication 23
Financial and insurance activities 31
Real estate activities -
Professional, scientific and technical activities 28
Administrative and support service activities 10
Public administration and defense; compulsory social security 252
Education 173
Human health and social work activities 305
Arts, entertainment and recreation 22
Other service activities 22
Total 2,730

Sport

The local football club, FK Glasinac Sokolac, plays in the First League of the Republika Srpska.

See also

References

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ "Cities and Municipalities of Republika Srpska" (PDF). rzs.rs.ba. Republika Srspka Institute of Statistics. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 31 December 2019.

External links

  • Interview with Milovan Bjelica, the Mayor of Sokolac
  • History, politics and much more