Pakistan has some of the highest values of insolation in the world, with eight to nine hours of sunshine per day, ideal climatic conditions for solar power generation. However, the country has been slow to adopt the technology.
The country has solar plants in Pakistani Kashmir, Punjab, Sindh and Balochistan. Initiatives are under development by the International Renewable Energy Agency, the Japan International Cooperation Agency, Chinese companies, and Pakistani private sector energy companies. The country aims to build the world's largest solar power park, the Quaid-e-Azam Solar Power Park (QASP) in the Cholistan Desert, Punjab, by 2017 with a 1 GW capacity. A plant of this size would be enough to power around 320,000 homes.
On May 29, 2012, Pakistan inaugurated its first solar power on-grid power plant in Islamabad. Introduction of Clean Energy by Solar Electricity Generation System is a special grant aid project by the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) under the Coolio Earth Partnership. This project includes the installation of two 178kW photovoltaic (PV) systems at the premises of the Planning Commission and Pakistan Engineering Council.
This is the first on-grid solar PV project that employs net-metering, thereby allowing the beneficiaries to sell surplus electricity to the Islamabad Electric Supply Company (IESCO), the electricity distribution company of the Islamabad Division. The project was executed with grant assistance, worth 480 million Yen (approx. 553.63 million Pakistani Rupees) over three years commencing in 2010.
Beaconhouse installed the first high quality integrated solar energy system with a 10kW power generation capacity capable of grid tie-in at Beaconhouse Canal Side Campus, Lahore. It was a pilot project for BSS designed by U.S. consultants, based upon feasibility by the U.S. Trade and Development Agency (USTDA).
AEDB is pursuing 22 solar PV power projects of cumulative capacity of approximately 890.80 MW.
1. The following Six (06) solar power projects of 430 MW capacity are operational;
|Name of Project||Capacity (MW)||Location||Date of Completion|
|1||M/s QA Solar Pvt. Ltd.||100||Quaid e Azam Solar Park, Bahawalpur||15 Jul, 2015|
|2||M/s Appolo Solar Pakistan Ltd.||100||Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park, Bahawalpur||31 May, 2016|
|3||M/s Crest Energy Pakistan Ltd.||100||Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park, Bahawalpur||31 Jul, 2016|
|4||M/s Best Green Energy Pakistan Ltd.||100||Quaid-e-Azam Solar Park, Bahawalpur||31 Jul, 2016|
|5||Harappa Solar Pvt. Ltd||18||Sahiwal||14 Oct, 2017|
|6||AJ Power Pvt. Ltd.||12||Pind Dadan Khan||13 Dec, 2017|
2. Four (04) IPPs with a cumulative capacity of 41.80 MW have obtained Letter of Support (LOS) from AEDB and are in the process of achieving Financial Closing of their projects
|Sr. #||Name of Project||Capacity
|1||M/s Access Electric Pvt. Ltd.||10||Pind Dadan Khan|
|2||M/s Bukhsh Solar (Pvt.) Ltd.||10||Lodhran|
|3||M/s Safe Solar Power Pvt. Ltd||10.28||Bahawalnagar|
|4||M/s Access Solar Pvt. Ltd.||11.52||Pind Dadan Khan|
3. Twelve (12) Solar PV power projects of 419 MW cumulative capacity have obtained LOI from AEDB and are at different stages of project development. As per the CCoE decisions, these 12 projects are required to participate in the upcoming competitive bidding to be carried out by AEDB.
|1||IPS Solar Park- IPS 22 Pvt. Ltd.||50||Nooriabad, Sindh|
|2||IPS Solar Park- JA 23 Pvt. Ltd.||50||Nooriabad, Sindh|
|3||IPS Solar Park – SB 24 Pvt. Ltd.||50||Nooriabad, Sindh|
|4||R.E. Solar I Pvt. Ltd.||20||Dadu, Sindh|
|5||R.E. Solar II Pvt. Ltd.||20||Dadu, Sindh|
|6||ET Solar (Pvt.) Ltd.||25||Thatta, Sindh|
|7||ACT Solar (Pvt.) Ltd.||50||Thatta, Sindh|
|8||Janpur Energy Limited||12||Sultanabad, Rahim Yar Khan|
|9||Lalpir Solar Limited||12||Mehmood Kot, Muzafargarh|
|10||Siddiqsons Solar Ltd||50||Kalar Kahar, Chakwal|
|11||ET Solar (Pvt.) Ltd.||50||Fateh Jang, Attock|
|12||Asia Petroleum Limited||30||Bahalwalnager, Punjab|
Solar irradiance in Pakistan is 5.3 kWh/m2/day. Pakistan set a target to add approximately 10 GW of renewable capacity by 2030 in addition to replacing 5% diesel with biodiesel by 2015 and 10% by 2025.
|Year||Installations in MWp||Notes|
|2014||400||Calculated back from 2015 added capacity data.|
Raja Pervaiz Ashraf, former Federal Minister of Water & Power announced on July 2, 2009 that 7,000 villages would be electrified using solar energy by 2014. Senior adviser Sardar Zulfiqar Khosa stated that the Punjab government would begin new projects aimed at power production through coal, solar energy and wind power; this would generate additional resources.