Somonauk, Illinois

Summary

Somonauk
Location of Somonauk in DeKalb County, Illinois.
Location of Somonauk in DeKalb County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°37′58″N 88°41′11″W / 41.63278°N 88.68639°W / 41.63278; -88.68639Coordinates: 41°37′58″N 88°41′11″W / 41.63278°N 88.68639°W / 41.63278; -88.68639
CountryUnited States
StateIllinois
CountiesDeKalb, LaSalle
TownshipsSomonauk, Northville
Area
 • Total2.49 sq mi (6.46 km2)
 • Land2.49 sq mi (6.44 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.02 km2)
Elevation
686 ft (209 m)
Population
 (2010)
 • Total1,893
 • Estimate 
(2019)[2]
1,871
 • Density752.01/sq mi (290.41/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (CST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP Code(s)
60552
Area code(s)815 & 779
FIPS code17-70460
Websitewww.vil.somonauk.il.us

Somonauk is a village in DeKalb and LaSalle Counties in the U.S. state of Illinois. The population was 1,893 at the 2010 Census.

The DeKalb County portion of Somonauk is part of the Chicago-Naperville-Elgin, IL-IN-WI Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the small portion that lies in LaSalle County is part of the Ottawa, IL Micropolitan Statistical Area.

Early history

The name "Somonauk" is of Pottawatomie origin. The name is most likely derived from the phonetic phrase As-sim-in-eh-kon, which translates to "pawpaw grove", in reference to the vast groves of pawpaw trees that filled the area at that time.[3]

A Native American treaty signed by then president Andrew Jackson from June 29, 1829, references four sections of land being reserved for Chief Awn-kote (Shickshack) and his band of 171 villagers "at the village of Saw-meh-naug along the Fox and Illinois Rivers". (Temple, p. 148)[4][5] The Saw-meh-naug, along with the other Pottawatomie of the Illinois River (known as the Prairie Group), as well as the Sauk and the Chippewa, had aided the U.S. in the Black Hawk War . After the war, as a thanks to the Pottawatomie, the U.S. Government signed a treaty allowing the Prairie Group tribes to continue to hunt on U.S. land, outside of their allocated reservations. However, due to "rumors of the Pottawatomie being restless and committing depredations in the northern part of the state spreading to central Illinois", and white residents of the state feeling uncomfortable, the Governor "gave the Prairie Group an ultimatum to leave Illinois". By the end of December 1833, the Pottawatomie had left Illinois, and the settlements of the Pottawatomie were free to be claimed by white settlers. (Temple, p. 150)[5]

A few months later, in the spring of 1834, the first white settler in DeKalb County had set up shop along a tributary to the Fox River, and the name Somonauk was moved from the area of present-day Ottawa, to where Chicago Rd., Gov. Beveridge Hwy, and Somonauk Creek meet. This is the area known as present-day "Franks". The simple log cabin was used as a station house along the Chicago-Galena mail route between Aurora and Genoa, and would eventually become property of the Beveridge family. This cabin was the first post office in Somonauk township, and the area both east and west of Somonauk Creek would eventually have 30 settlers, establishing a Presbyterian Church in the same area as the present-day church, and a school house directly across from it on the west side of Governor Beveridge Rd.[1] It's also widely known that this church was a stop on the underground railroad.

Later, in 1836, the post office for the settlement of Somonauk was moved to the intersection of Chicago Rd. & Somonauk Rd. and the name would be changed to "Somonauk Crossing".[6] Another post office was established in 1850 on Somonauk Rd. at present-day Buck Lake, and was known as "Buck's Branch". In 1851, the CB&Q railroad finally made its way through the township, and in 1853, built a station along the line 5 miles south of the early settlement (Now known as "Franks"), just north of the LaSalle/DeKalb County border. With that, the name "Somonauk" would make one final move to its current location, being in platted in 1855, and incorporated in 1859. "Somonauk Crossing" then became known as "Freeland Corners".[6] The name of Buck's Branch would change to "Somonoc Depot" for a brief time before the post office was moved to the actual Somonauk railroad depot in December 1855.[6] The closing of "Freeland Corners" post office was such a hardship to the farmers of Freeland Corners and Somonauk Crossing, that they petitioned the Post Office Department to establish another office in the location of Frank Richey's creamers, and that it be called Frank's Post Office. A post office was established in November 1891, once again located in the area of Chicago Rd. and Somonauk creek, this time, on the west side of Rimsnider Rd, just north of the creek. The post office was discontinued in April 1902, lasting a mere 11 years.[6]

Geography

Somonauk is located at 41°37′58″N 88°41′11″W / 41.63278°N 88.68639°W / 41.63278; -88.68639 (41.6327194, -88.6865175).[7] The village is situated along the boundary between DeKalb and LaSalle counties. In the 2000 census, 1,190 of Somonauk's 1,295 residents (91.9%) lived in DeKalb County and 105 (8.1%) lived in LaSalle County.[8]

According to the 2010 census, Somonauk has a total area of 2.415 square miles (6.25 km2), of which 2.41 square miles (6.24 km2) (or 99.79%) is land and 0.005 square miles (0.01 km2) (or 0.21%) is water.[9]

Sannauk Forest Preserve serves as the unofficial boundary between Somonauk and Sandwich, which resides to the east. The forest preserve, owned and managed by DeKalb County, sits along Somonauk Creek, a tributary of the Fox River.[10]

During the housing bubble of the mid-2000s, a few new subdivisions were planned to be built north of town. When the housing market crashed, the city had already incorporated a large portion of DeKalb county north of town ranging from the Sandwich Township border to Governor Beverage Highway, remaining south of Pratt Rd. Since then, no talk has indicated that the subdivisions will be built.

The nearby Lake Holiday area includes a man-made lake created by the damming of Somonauk Creek.[11] An old gravel pit was also flooded and is part of the lake.

Demographics

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880587
1890468−20.3%
190063034.6%
1910591−6.2%
1920540−8.6%
19305787.0%
19406105.5%
195072118.2%
196089924.7%
19701,11223.7%
19801,34420.9%
19901,263−6.0%
20001,2952.5%
20101,89346.2%
2019 (est.)1,871[2]−1.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 1,295 people, 500 households, and 347 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,113.4 people per square mile (819.7/km2). There were 512 housing units at an average density of 835.6 per square mile (324.1/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.45% White, 0.31% Native American, 0.15% Asian, 0.77% from other races, and 1.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.01% of the population.

There were 500 households, out of which 34.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.0% were married couples living together, 8.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the village, the population was spread out, with 27.5% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 28.8% from 25 to 44, 20.4% from 45 to 64, and 14.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 90.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.1 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $45,370, and the median income for a family was $151,591. Males had a median income of $140,156 versus $123,690 for females. The per capita income for the village was $119,110. About 2.2% of families and 5.4% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 10.5% of those age 65 or over.

Education

The village of Somonauk is served by Somonauk Community Unit School District (CUSD) #432 which offers grades Pre-K–12.[14] The school's athletic teams are known as the Bobcats. School colors are blue and gold. The school's song is titled "Bobcat Loyalty", and is a basic spin-off of the University of Illinois' fight song, named "Illinois Loyalty".

The community adjoins a private community known as "Lake Holiday." Somonauk School District covers most of the west side of the lake as well as a section of the southeast side. Sandwich School District covers most of the east side and a two small sections on the west side of the lake.

References

  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved July 14, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". United States Census Bureau. May 24, 2020. Retrieved May 27, 2020.
  3. ^ Stevens, Frank Everett (1914). History of Lee County, Illinois. S.J. Clarke Publishing Company. p. 9. as-sim-in-en-kon.
  4. ^ States, United (1904). Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. U.S. Government Printing Office. p. 298.
  5. ^ a b Temple, Wayne C. (1966) [First Printing, 1958]. Indian Villages of the Illinois Country: Historic Tribes. State of Illinois: Illinois State Museum. pp. 148, 150. ISBN 0-89792-027-9.
  6. ^ a b c d "DeKalb County ILGenWeb Place Names". dekalb.illinoisgenweb.org. Retrieved August 20, 2019.
  7. ^ "Geographic Names Information System". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  8. ^ "Subcounty population estimates 2000-2006: Illinois". United States Census Bureau, Population Division. June 28, 2007. Archived from the original (CSV) on October 8, 2008. Retrieved June 3, 2008.
  9. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on February 13, 2020. Retrieved December 25, 2015.
  10. ^ "Forest Preserve". DeKalb County Government. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
  11. ^ "Lake Holiday". Official website. Lake Holiday Property Owners Association. February 14, 2013. Retrieved February 15, 2013.
  12. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  13. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  14. ^ "Somonauk Community Unit School District 432". Somonauk CUSD 432. Retrieved March 9, 2014.

External links

  • Official website
  • Somonauk Public Library
  • Early history of Somonauk, Illinois