Soyuz-TM

Summary

Soyuz-TM
Soyuz acoplada MIR.jpg
Soyuz-TM spacecraft.
ManufacturerKorolev
Country of originUSSR
Russia
OperatorSoviet space program/Russian Federal Space Agency
ApplicationsCarry three cosmonauts to Mir and ISS and back
Specifications
Design lifeUp to six months docked to station
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Production
StatusOut of service
Launched34
Maiden launchSoyuz TM-1, 1986
Last launchSoyuz TM-34, 2002
Related spacecraft
Derived fromSoyuz-T
DerivativesSoyuz-TMA

The Soyuz-TM crew transports (T - транспортный - Transportnyi - meaning transport, M - модифицированный - Modifitsirovannyi - meaning modified) were fourth generation (1986–2002) Soyuz spacecraft used for ferry flights to the Mir and ISS space stations. It added to the Soyuz-T new docking and rendezvous, radio communications, emergency and integrated parachute/landing engine systems. The new Kurs rendezvous and docking system and the new KTDU-80 propulsion module permitted the Soyuz-TM to maneuver independently of the station, without the station making "mirror image" maneuvers to match unwanted translations introduced by earlier models' aft-mounted attitude control.

The final Soyuz-TM flight was Soyuz TM-34, which launched April 25, 2002 and landed November 10, 2002.[1]

Gallery

External links

  • Russia New Russian spaceship will be able to fly to Moon - space corp
  • RSC Energia: Concept Of Russian Manned Space Navigation Development
  • Mir Hardware Heritage
    • David S.F. Portree, Mir Hardware Heritage, NASA RP-1357, 1995
    • Mir Hardware Heritage (wikisource)
  • Information on Soyuz spacecraft
  • OMWorld's ASTP Docking Trainer Page
  • NASA - Russian Soyuz TMA Spacecraft Details
  • Space Adventures circum-lunar mission - details

References

  1. ^ "Soyuz ISS Missions" (PDF). NASA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-12-02.