Filipchenko, Volkov and Gorbatko on 1969 stamp
Soyuz 7
Mission typeTest flight
OperatorSoviet space program
COSPAR ID1969-086A
SATCAT no.4124
Mission duration4 days, 22 hours, 40 minutes, 23 seconds
Orbits completed80
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSoyuz 7K-OK(A)
ManufacturerExperimental Design Bureau OKB-1
Launch mass6,570 kilograms (14,480 lb)
Crew size3
MembersAnatoly Filipchenko
Vladislav Volkov
Viktor Gorbatko
CallsignБуран (Buran - "Blizzard")
Start of mission
Launch date12 October 1969, 10:44:42 (1969-10-12UTC10:44:42Z) UTC
Launch siteBaikonur 1/5[1]
End of mission
Landing date17 October 1969, 09:25:05 (1969-10-17UTC09:25:06Z) UTC
Landing site155 kilometres (96 mi) NW of Karaganda
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude210 kilometres (130 mi)
Apogee altitude223 kilometres (139 mi)
Inclination51.7 degrees
Period88.8 minutes
Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
← Soyuz 6
Soyuz 8 →

Soyuz 7 (Russian: Союз 7, Union 7) was part of a joint mission with Soyuz 6 and Soyuz 8 that saw three Soyuz spacecraft in orbit together at the same time, carrying a total of seven cosmonauts.

The crew consisted of commander Anatoly Filipchenko, flight engineer Vladislav Volkov and research-cosmonaut Viktor Gorbatko, whose mission was to dock with Soyuz 8 and transfer crew, as the Soyuz 4 and Soyuz 5 missions did. Soyuz 6 was to film the operation from nearby.

However, this objective was not achieved due to equipment failures. Soviet sources later claimed that no docking had been intended,[citation needed] but this seems unlikely, given the docking adapters carried by the spacecraft, and the fact that the Soyuz 8 crew were both veterans of the previous successful docking mission. This was the last time that the Soviet manned Moon landing hardware was tested in orbit, and the failure seems[citation needed] to have been one of the final nails in the coffin of the programme.

The radio call sign of the spacecraft was Buran, meaning blizzard, which years later was re-used as the name of the entirely different spaceplane Buran. This word is apparently used as the name of an active or aggressive squadron in Soviet military training, and just like Soyuz 4, the Soyuz 7 spacecraft was constructed to be the active or male spacecraft in its docking.


Position Cosmonaut
Commander Anatoly Filipchenko
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer Vladislav Volkov
First spaceflight
Research Engineer Viktor Gorbatko
First spaceflight

Backup Crew

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Vladimir Shatalov
Flight Engineer Aleksei Yeliseyev
Research Engineer Pyotr Kolodin

Reserve Crew

Position Cosmonaut
Commander Andriyan Nikolayev
Flight Engineer Georgi Grechko


  1. ^ "Baikonur LC1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 2009-04-15. Retrieved 2009-03-04.