Soyuz MS-17

Summary

Soyuz MS-17
Expedition 64 Launch (NHQ202010140006).jpg
Soyuz MS-17 during launch
Mission typeCrewed mission to ISS
OperatorRoscosmos
COSPAR ID2020-072A
SATCAT no.46613Edit this on Wikidata
Mission duration103 days, 11 hours and 32 minutes (in progress)
185 days (planned)
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftSoyuz MS
Spacecraft typeSoyuz MS 11F747
ManufacturerEnergia
Crew
Crew size3
Members
CallsignFavor
Start of mission
Launch date14 October 2020, 05:45:04 UTC [1][2][3][4]
RocketSoyuz-2.1a
Launch siteBaikonur, Site 31
ContractorProgress Rocket Space Centre
End of mission
Landing date17 April 2021 (planned)
Landing siteKazakh Steppe (planned)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric orbit
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Inclination51.66°
Docking with ISS
Docking portRassvet nadir
Docking date14 October 2020, 08:48:47 UTC [5][6]
Undocking date10 March 2021 (planned)[7]
Time docked103 days, 8 hours and 29 minutes
Docking with ISS
(Relocation)
Docking portPoisk zenith
Docking date10 March 2021 (planned)
Undocking date16 April 2021 (planned)[7]
Time docked37 days (planned)
Soyuz-MS-17-Mission-Patch.png
Soyuz MS-17 mission patch
Expedition 64 Preflight (NHQ202009280023).jpg
Rubins, Ryzhikov, and Kud-Sverchkov
Soyuz programme
(Crewed missions)
 

Soyuz MS-17 is a Soyuz spaceflight that was launched on 14 October 2020.[3][8] It transported three crew members of the Expedition 63/64 crew to the International Space Station. Soyuz MS-17 is the 145th crewed flight of a Soyuz spacecraft. The crew consists of a Russian commander and a Russian and American flight engineer.[9][10][11]

The mission marked the first use of a new "ultrafast" two-orbit rendezvous flight plan with the Soyuz, which saw Soyuz MS-17 arrive at the ISS within approximately three hours after the launch.[2][12][13][6]

Towards the end of the flight, the spacecraft will relocate from Rassvet to Poisk to make way for the arrival and docking of the Soyuz MS-18 spacecraft, currently set to launch on 1 April 2021 carrying cosmonauts Oleg Novitsky, Pyotr Dubrov and Andrei Borisenko to the ISS ahead of a six-month stay. The two spacecraft will have a nine-day handover period before Soyuz MS-17 departs. This is necessary to avoid de-crewing the Russian Segment (ROS) of the ISS since no Russian cosmonaut will be present aboard SpaceX Crew-1.[8] After this launch, the current schedules are unclear on whether any American astronaut will be aboard on later Soyuz launches.[14]

Crew

Position Crew member
Commander Russia Sergey Ryzhikov, Roscosmos
Expedition 63/64
Second spaceflight
Flight Engineer 1 Russia Sergey Kud-Sverchkov, Roscosmos
Expedition 63/64
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer 2 United States Kathleen Rubins, NASA
Expedition 63/64
Second spaceflight

[15][16][17]

Backup crew

Position Crew member
Commander Russia Oleg Novitsky, Roscosmos
Flight Engineer 1 Russia Pyotr Dubrov, Roscosmos
Flight Engineer 2 United States Mark T. Vande Hei, NASA

Reserve crew

Position Crew member
Commander Russia Anton Shkaplerov, Roscosmos
Flight Engineer 1 Russia Andrei Babkin, Roscosmos

Crew notes

Early planning had listed Russian cosmonaut Nikolai Chub as the mission's Flight Engineer 2, pending a NASA decision on whether they would purchase more seats on the Soyuz. In May 2020, NASA purchased a Soyuz seat and assigned NASA astronaut Kathleen Rubins to the Flight Engineer 2 position, backed up by astronaut Mark T. Vande Hei.[15][18]

Originally Russian cosmonauts Anatoli Ivanishin and Ivan Vagner were set to fly as Commander and Flight Engineer 1 respectively. In February 2020, however, the two cosmonauts were moved to the Soyuz MS-16 flight due to medical issues with the commander of Soyuz MS-16, Nikolai Tikhonov. Ivanishin and Vagner were replaced by Ryzhikov and Kud-Sverchkov. Babkin may fly on Soyuz MS-18, but Tikhonov has retired from Roscosmos' astronaut corps.

Reacting to the COVID-19 pandemic, Roscosmos implemented a two-cosmonaut reserve crew to ensure the flight could go on with no delays, in the unlikely event both the prime and backup crews fall ill. It was not confirmed whether NASA planned to add an astronaut of their own to the reserve crew.[19]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Clark, Stephen (14 October 2020). "Live coverage: Soyuz crew begins flight to International Space Station". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  2. ^ a b Zak, Anatoly (13 October 2020). "Soyuz MS-17 to lift off with fresh ISS crew". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  3. ^ a b "NASA Astronaut Kate Rubins, Crewmates to Discuss Upcoming Spaceflight". M20-074 (Press release). NASA. 25 June 2020. Retrieved 4 September 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  4. ^ "Источник: НАСА хочет купить еще одно место в российском "Союзе"" [Source: NASA wants to buy another Soyuz seat] (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 22 October 2019. Retrieved 23 October 2019.
  5. ^ Becker, Joachim (14 October 2020). "Soyuz MS-17". Space Facts. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  6. ^ a b Harwood, William (14 October 2020). "Soyuz crew docks with International Space Station". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  7. ^ a b Zak, Anatoly (1 December 2020). "Evolution of the Soyuz MS-17 flight program". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 3 December 2020.
  8. ^ a b Zak, Anatoly (1 January 2020). "Russian space program in 2020: Soyuz MS-17". RussianSpaceWeb. Retrieved 4 September 2020.
  9. ^ Becker, Joachim (11 June 2020). "Expedition 64 Report". SpaceFacts. Retrieved 12 October 2020.
  10. ^ Baylor, Michael (1 April 2020). "Status - Soyuz MS-17". Next Spaceflight. Retrieved 14 October 2020.
  11. ^ Harwood, William (13 October 2020). "NASA uses final purchased Soyuz seat for Wednesday flight to station". Spaceflight Now.
  12. ^ Clark, Stephen (12 October 2020). "Russian rocket for next space station crew transferred to launch pad". Spaceflight Now.
  13. ^ "Грузовой корабль "Прогресс" полетит к МКС по сверхбыстрой схеме" [The Progress cargo vehicle will fly to the ISS according to a superfast scheme] (in Russian). РИА Новости. 20 March 2020. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
  14. ^ Grush, Loren (13 October 2020). "NASA astronaut launches on Russian rocket as United States transitions to private spacecraft". The Verge. Retrieved 13 October 2020.
  15. ^ a b "Роскосмос подтвердил подписание контракта на доставку астронавта NASA на корабле "Союз"" [Roscosmos has confirmed the signing of a contract for the delivery of a NASA astronaut on the Soyuz spacecraft] (in Russian). ТАSS. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
  16. ^ @anik1982space (9 May 2020). "Вот и новые составы российских экипажей «Союза МС-17» стали известны из пресс-релиза аэропорта Жуковский.
    Основной: Сергей Рыжиков, Сергей Кудь-Сверчков.
    Дублирующий: Олег Новицкий, Пётр Дубров.
    К сожалению, Николая Тихонова и Андрея Бабкина нет..." [So the new compositions of the Russian crews of the Soyuz MS-17 became known from the press release of the Zhukovsky airport. Primary: Sergey Ryzhikov, Sergey Kud-Sverchkov. Dubbing: Oleg Novitsky, Pyotr Dubrov. Unfortunately, Nikolai Tikhonov and Andrey Babkin are gone.] (Tweet) (in Russian) – via Twitter.
  17. ^ "Flight crew assignments". forum.nasaspaceflight.com. Retrieved 11 June 2020.
  18. ^ "NASA Assigns Astronaut Kate Rubins to Expedition 63/64 Space Station Crew". M20-060 (Press release). NASA. 3 June 2020. Retrieved 5 June 2020. This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.
  19. ^ "Новости. Утвержден экипаж корабля "Союз МС-17"" [The crew of the Soyuz MS-17 spacecraft was approved]. roscosmos.ru (Press release) (in Russian). Roscosmos. Retrieved 11 June 2020.

Sources

  • Launch «Souz МS-17» (Youtube)