Soyuz T-7

Summary

Soyuz T-7
COSPAR ID1982-080A
SATCAT no.13425
Mission duration113 days, 1 hour, 50 minutes, 44 seconds
Orbits completed~1,825
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-T
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Launch mass6,850 kilograms (15,100 lb)
Crew
Crew size3 up
2 down
LaunchingLeonid Popov
Aleksandr Serebrov
Svetlana Savitskaya
LandingAnatoli Berezovoy
Valentin Lebedev
CallsignДнепр (Dnieper)
Start of mission
Launch dateAugust 19, 1982, 17:11:52 (1982-08-19UTC17:11:52Z) UTC
RocketSoyuz-U
Launch siteBaikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing dateDecember 10, 1982, 19:02:36 (1982-12-10UTC19:02:37Z) UTC
Landing site(70 kilometres (43 mi) NE of Arkalyk?)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude289 kilometres (180 mi)
Apogee altitude299 kilometres (186 mi)
Inclination51.6 degrees
Period90.3 minutes
Docking with Salyut 7
Soyuz programme
(Crewed missions)
 

Soyuz T-7 (Russian: Союз Т-7; code name Dnieper) was the third Soviet space mission to the Salyut 7 space station. Crew member Svetlana Savitskaya was the first woman in space in almost twenty years, since Valentina Tereshkova who flew in 1963 on Vostok 6.

Savitskaya was given the orbital module of Soyuz T-7 for privacy. The Soyuz T-7 crew delivered experiments and mail from home to the Elbrus crew. On August 21 the five cosmonauts traded seat liners between the Soyuz Ts. The Dnieper undocked in Soyuz T-5, leaving the newer Soyuz T-7 spacecraft for the long-duration crew.[1]

Crew

Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander Soviet Union Leonid Popov
Third and last spaceflight
Soviet Union Anatoli Berezovoy
Only spaceflight
Flight Engineer Soviet Union Aleksandr Serebrov
First spaceflight
Soviet Union Valentin Lebedev
Second and last spaceflight
Research Cosmonaut Soviet Union Svetlana Savitskaya
First spaceflight
None

Backup crew

Position Crew
Commander Soviet Union Vladimir Vasyutin
Flight Engineer Soviet Union Viktor Savinykh
Research Cosmonaut Soviet Union Irina Pronina

Mission highlights

Soyuz T-7 was an early flight to Salyut 7, the Soviet successor to Salyut 6. The crew which launched on Soyuz T-7 remained aboard the station for eight days, as a short-term "visiting crew", accompanying the station's long-term resident crew. The crew exchanged Soyuz vehicles with the resident crew, returning home in the older Soyuz T-5, leaving the fresher Soyuz T-7 available to the resident crew as a return vehicle.[2] This practice had been used several times on Salyut 6.

Savitskaya became the second woman in space,[3] and the first to visit a space station.

Mission parameters

  • Mass: 6,850 kg
  • Perigee: 289 km
  • Apogee: 299 km
  • Inclination: 51.6°
  • Period: 90.3 minutes

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ D. S. F. Portree (1995). "Mir Hardware Heritage" (PDF). NASA. p. 49, 93. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2003-07-09.
  2. ^ "Soyuz T-7". Spacefacts.
  3. ^ Yenne, Bill (1988). The Pictorial History of World Spaceflight. Exeter. pp. 150–155. ISBN 0-7917-0188-3.