|Mission duration||175 days, 2 hours, 51 minutes, 44 seconds|
|Launch mass||7,150 kilograms (15,760 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||2 October 1991, 05:59:38UTC|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||25 March 1992, 08:51:22UTC|
|Landing site||near Dzhezkazgan|
|Perigee altitude||195 kilometres (121 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||232 kilometres (144 mi)|
|Docking with Mir|
|Docking date||4 October 1991, 07:38:42 UTC|
|Undocking date||25 March 1992, 05:29:03 UTC|
Soyuz TM-13 was the 13th expedition to Mir space station. Lasting from October 1991 to March 1992, the mission included cosmonauts from Austria and the soon-to-be independent region of Kazakhstan, as the Soviet Union collapsed in December 1991. The launch ceremony was attended by the Soviet Premier Ivan Silaev, the President of the Kazakh SSR Nursultan Nazarbayev, and the Chancellor of Austria Franz Vranitzky. Before the launch, for the first time, President Nazarbayev received the launch report from cosmonaut Tokhtar Aubakirov in the Kazakh language.
|Position||Launching crew||Landing crew|
|Commander||/ Alexander Volkov|
Third and last spaceflight
|Research Cosmonaut/Flight Engineer||/ Toktar Aubakirov
|/ Sergei Krikalev|
|Research Cosmonaut|| Franz Viehböck
| Klaus-Dietrich Flade|
Soyuz-TM 13 carried commander Alexander Volkov along with Austrian cosmonaut-researcher Franz Viehböck and still Soviet-Kazakh cosmonaut-researcher Toktar Aubakirov. The flight was unusual for carrying no flight engineer. Veteran Russian cosmonaut Alexandr Volkov commanded. The Austrians paid $7 million to fly Viehböck to Mir, and the Kazakh cosmonaut flew partly in an effort to encourage Kazakhstan to continue to permit launchings from Baikonur Cosmodrome. The cosmonaut-researchers photographed their respective countries from orbit and conducted the usual range of materials processing and medical experiments. Artsebarsky and Viehböck returned to Earth in Soyuz TM-12, with Volkov remaining on board Mir for an extended mission.
The Soyuz spent a total of 175 days docked to the Mir space station.
The Soyuz returned from Mir with German Klaus-Dietrich Flade and Russians Sergei Krikalev and Alexandr Volkov, dubbed by some as "the last citizens of the USSR" because they had launched from the Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic within the USSR, and landed in what had since become the independent Republic of Kazakhstan.
This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the National Aeronautics and Space Administration.