The speaker of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives holds the oldest statewide elected office in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. Since its first session under the Frame of Government in 1682, presided over by William Penn, over 130 House members have been elevated to the speaker's chair. The house cannot hold an official session in the absence of the speaker or his designated speaker pro tempore.
List of speakers of the Provincial Assembly
Speakers of the Pennsylvania Provincial Assembly (1682–1775) and the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania (following the 1776 Constitution).
List of speakers of the Pennsylvania House of Representatives
- Pennsylvania House of Representatives web site Archived 2007-07-12 at the Wayback Machine
- "Philadelphia, December 27". Freeman's Journal. 1786-12-27. p. 2.
- Hiltzheimer, Jacob; Parsons, Jacob Cox (1893). Extracts from the diary of Jacob Hiltzheimer: of Philadelphia. 1765-1798. Press of W. F. Fell & co.
- Schmedlen, Jeanne Hearn (1998). Wisdom, Vision and Diplomacy: Speakers of the Pennsylvania House (A Biographical History of the Speakers of the Provincial Assembly and the House of Representatives, 1682-1998). Harrisburg, PA: Pennsylvania House of Representatives. ISBN 978-0-9667794-0-0. OCLC 40553654.
- "Speakers of the Provincial Assembly (1682-1790)" (PDF). The Pennsylvania Manual, Volume 117 (2005-2006 General Assembly). Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Bureau of Publications. Retrieved 2007-03-01.
- "Speakers of the House of Representatives since 1791" (PDF). The Pennsylvania Manual, Volume 117 (2005-2006 General Assembly). Commonwealth of Pennsylvania Bureau of Publications. Retrieved 2007-03-01.