The Stabilization Act of 1942 (Pub. L.Tooltip Public Law (United States) 77–729, 56 Stat. 765, enacted October 2, 1942), formally entitled "An Act to Amend the Emergency Price Control Act of 1942, to Aid in Preventing Inflation, and for Other Purposes," and sometimes referred to as the "Inflation Control Act", was an act of Congress that amended the Emergency Price Control Act of 1942.
|Other short titles||Emergency Price Control Amendment of 1942|
|Long title||An Act to amend the Emergency Price Control Act of 1942, to aid in preventing inflation, and for other purposes.|
|Nicknames||Price Control Stabilization Act of 1942|
|Enacted by||the 77th United States Congress|
|Effective||October 2, 1942|
|Public law||Pub. L.Tooltip Public Law (United States) 77–729|
|Statutes at Large||56 Stat. 765|
|Acts amended||Emergency Price Control Act of 1942|
|Titles amended||50 U.S.C.: War and National Defense|
|U.S.C. sections created||50a U.S.C. § 961|
The Act authorized and directed the President to issue an order stabilizing prices, wages and salaries to the levels they had had as of September 15, 1942, and to issue additional regulations related to the Act. The Act excluded from stabilization "insurance and pension benefits in a reasonable amount to be determined by the President".
As a penalty for violating the Act, the Act provided for a fine of $1000, imprisonment for up to a year, or both.
On October 3, 1942, the day after the statute's enactment, President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order no. 9250, fixing wages and salaries in accordance with the Act, and establishing the Office of Economic Stabilization. On April 8, 1943, President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9328 which was a hold the line on further increases in prices affecting the cost of living and increases in wages and salaries with the exception where there were substandard living conditions. On September 25, 1943, President Franklin Roosevelt issued Executive Order 9381 directing the National War Labor Board to stabilize salary and wages per annum paid by any United States employer.
One consequence of the wage stabilization under the Act was that employers, unable to provide higher salaries to attract or retain employees, began to offer insurance plans, including health care packages, as a fringe benefit, thereby beginning the practice of employer-sponsored health insurance.
Stabilization Extension Act of 1944 extended the price controls and economic stabilization authorities established by the Emergency Price Control and Stabilization Acts for the duration to June 30, 1945. The S. 1764 legislation was passed by the 78th U.S. Congressional session and enacted into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 30, 1944.