Stannane

Summary

Stannane
Structure and dimensions of the stannane molecule
Ball-and-stick model of the stannane molecule
Space-filling model of the stannane molecule
Names
IUPAC name
Stannane
Other names
tin tetrahydride
tin hydride
stannane
Identifiers
  • 2406-52-2 ☒N
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
ChEBI
  • CHEBI:30419 checkY
ChemSpider
  • 109776 checkY
  • 123161
  • DTXSID50894052 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1S/Sn.4H checkY
    Key: KXCAEQNNTZANTK-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  • InChI=1/Sn.4H/rH4Sn/h1H4
    Key: KXCAEQNNTZANTK-GVMKXMNPAM
  • [Sn]
Properties
SnH4
Molar mass 122.71 g mol−1
Appearance colourless gas
Density 5.4 g dm−3, gas
Melting point −146 °C (−231 °F; 127 K)
Boiling point −52 °C (−62 °F; 221 K)
Related compounds
Related organotins
tributylstannane (Bu3SnH)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Stannane /ˈstænn/ or tin hydride is an inorganic compound with the chemical formula SnH
4
. It is a colourless gas and the tin analogue of methane. Stannane can be prepared by the reaction of SnCl4 and LiAlH4.[1]

SnCl4 + LiAlH4 → SnH4 + LiCl + AlCl3

Stannane decomposes slowly at room temperature to give metallic tin and hydrogen and ignites on contact with air.[1]

Variants of stannane can be found as a highly toxic, gaseous, inorganic metal hydride and group 14 hydride.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Greenwood, Norman N.; Earnshaw, Alan (1997). Chemistry of the Elements (2nd ed.). Butterworth-Heinemann. ISBN 978-0-08-037941-8.