State Oceanic Administration

Summary

State Oceanic Administration
国家海洋局
Guójiā Hǎiyáng Jú
State Oceanic Administration of P.R.China badge.svg
Logo of the State Oceanic Administration
Agency overview
Formed4 January 1964 (1964-01-04)
Dissolved19 March 2018[1]
Jurisdiction People's Republic of China
Agency executive
Parent departmentMinistry of Land and Resources
Websitewww.soa.gov.cn

The State Oceanic Administration (SOA; Chinese: 国家海洋局; pinyin: Guójiā Hǎiyáng Jú) was an administrative agency subordinate to the Ministry of Land and Resources, responsible for the supervision and management of sea area in the People's Republic of China and coastal environmental protection, protecting national maritime rights and organizing scientific and technical research of its territorial waters.[2] In March 2018, the 13th National People's Congress announced that the newly formed Ministry of Natural Resources will replace the functions of the Ministry of Land & Resources, State Oceanic Administration and the State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping.[citation needed]

Functions

The main functions of the agency were:[3]

  1. The State Oceanic Administration is responsible for regulating the coastal zone of the People's Republic of China. This include islands, internal sea, neighboring sea, contiguous zone, continental shelf, exclusive economic zones and other sea area under its jurisdiction.
  2. It is also responsible for issuing permits for sea area use such as laying of submarine cables and pipelines.
  3. The SOA is also for environmental protection of the marine area. This include regulating pollutants, discharges into the sea and monitoring of the health of the sea areas. The agency assesses marine oil and gas exploration and developments, ocean dumping and ocean engineering projects to ensure the environmental impact is minimized and regulations are followed.
  4. The agency organises and regulates marine scientific surveys and research activities. This can involve approving research from foreign countries or foreign nationals.
  5. The agency is the Law enforcement agency protecting the maritime and sea area. This involve coastal surveillance, investigation and prosecution of illegal activities.
  6. The administration also organizes basic and comprehensive survey of the maritime area to promote scientific research and understanding of the environment for protection, economic activity or conservation.

Administration

The agency was organized in the following departments.[4]

Internal departments

  • Administrative Office (Department of Finance)
  • Department of Policies, Laws and Regulations, and Planning
  • Department of Sea Area Management
  • Department of Marine Environmental Protection
  • Department of Science and Technology
  • Department of International Cooperation
  • Department of Personnel
  • Party Committee of the Headquarters of the SOA
  • Office of Commission for Discipline Inspection and Supervisor of the SOA

Subordinate agencies

The following agencies that were subordinate to the State Ocean Administration:[5]

  • Northern Seas Branch (Qingdao)
  • East China Sea Branch (Shanghai)
  • South China Sea Branch (Guangzhou)
  • National Marine Data and Information Service (Tianjin)
  • National Marine Environmental Monitoring Center (Dalian)
  • National Marine Environmental Forecasting Center (Beijing)
  • National Center for Satellite Application in the Oceans (Beijing)
  • Institute of Ocean Technology (Tianjin)
  • National Center of Oceanographic Standards & Metrology (Tianjin)
  • China Institute of Polar Research (Shanghai)
  • Hangzhou Research and Development Center for Water Treatment Technologies (Hangzhou)
  • First Institute of Oceanography (Qingdao)
  • Second Institute of Oceanography (Hangzhou)
  • Third Institute of Oceanography (Xiamen)
  • Tianjin Institute of Sea Water Desalination and Multipurpose Utilization (Tianjin)
  • Institute for Ocean Development Strategy (Beijing)
  • Marine Advisory Service Center (Beijing)
  • Office of Polar Expedition (Beijing)
  • Office of China Ocean Mineral Resources Research and Development Association (Beijing)
  • China Ocean Press (Beijing)
  • Office of Retired Staff and Veteran Cadres (Beijing)
  • Service Center of the Headquarters of the SOA (Beijing)
  • Beijing Training and Education Center (Beijing)

Former Agencies

List of directors

No. Name Took office Left office
1 Qi Yong (齐勇) 1964 1968
vacant
2 Shen Zhendong (沈振东) 1977 1982
3 Luo Yuru (罗钰如) 1982 1985
4 Yan Hongmo (严宏谟) 1985 1995
5 Zhang Dengyi (张登义) 1995 2000
6 Wang Shuguang (王曙光) 2000 2005
7 Sun Zhihui (孙志辉) 2005 2011
8 Liu Cigui (刘赐贵) 2011 2015
9 Wang Hong (王宏) 2015 2018

References

  1. ^ "China picks rising star to run new natural resources ministry". Reuters. 19 March 2018.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 20 November 2008. Retrieved 23 January 2009.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ http://english.gov.cn//2005-09/29/content_73187.htm
  4. ^ http://english.gov.cn//2005-09/29/content_73188.htm
  5. ^ http://english.gov.cn//2005-09/29/content_73189.htm[dead link]
  6. ^ Tate, Andrew (26 June 2018). "Control over China Coast Guard to be transferred to CMC". Jane's Information Group. Legislation passed by the National People’s Congress (NPC) on 22 June will implement changes announced in March that the CCG will come under the control of the People’s Armed Police Force (PAPF) and, ultimately, the command of China’s Central Military Commission (CMC).