Stavilac (Serbian Cyrillic: ставилац, literally meaning "placer") was a court title of Serbia in the Middle Ages.[1] It was similar to the Byzantine court offices of domestikos and cup-bearer (pinkernes, known in Serbian as peharnik).[1] It had a role in the ceremony at the royal table, though the holder could be entrusted with jobs that had nothing to do with court ritual.[2] According to studies of Rade Mihaljčić, the holder was in charge of acquiring, preparing and serving food at the royal table.[3] It was a confidant duty, given to the highest and most notable nobility, in which the ruler relied on in all occasions.[3] Its oldest mention is from the court of King Stefan Milutin (r. 1282–1321), when Đuraš Vrančić had the title.[3] The title of stavilac ranked as the last in the hierarchy of the Serbian court, behind čelnik, kaznac, tepčija and vojvoda, the supreme title.[4] It was, nevertheless, quite prestigious as it enabled its holder to be very close to the ruler.[2] In the Dečani chrysobulls, King Stefan Dečanski (r. 1321–1331) mentioned that the court dignitaries present at the Dečani assembly were the kaznac, tepčija, vojvoda, sluga and stavilac.[5] There is not much information on the title-holders at the court of King Stefan Dečanski; there is however much information on those at the court of King and Emperor Stefan Dušan (r. 1331–1355).[6]

List

Lazar Hrebeljanović (ca. 1329–1389), who began as stavilac at the court of Emperor Stefan Dušan, later became the most powerful nobles during the Fall of the Serbian Empire.


See also

References

  1. ^ a b Andrija Veselinović; Radoš Ljušić (2008). Srpske dinastije. Službene glasink. p. 240. ISBN 978-86-7549-921-3.
  2. ^ a b Mihaljčić 2001, pp. 15–28.
  3. ^ a b c d Blagojević 2001, p. 34.
  4. ^ Blagojević 2001, p. 211.
  5. ^ Srđan Šarkić (1996). Srednjovekovno srpsko pravo. Matica srpska. p. 66.
  6. ^ a b Blagojević 2001, p. 35.
  7. ^ Božidar Zarković; Dušan Radunović; Vesna Sekulić; Vukosava Stevović (2002). Hotačka metohija: prvi hilandaroski posed u Srbiji. Institut za srpsku kulturu. p. 144.

Sources

  • Blagojević, Miloš (2001). Državna uprava u srpskim srednjovekovnim zemljama (in Serbian). Službeni list SRJ.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Ćirković, Sima; Mihaljčić, Rade (1999). Лексикон српског средњег века (in Serbian). Knowledge.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Dinić, Mihailo; Ćirković, Sima (1978). Српске земље у средњем веку: историјско-географске студије (in Serbian). Српска књижевна задруга.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Mandić, Svetislav (1986). Velika gospoda sve srpske zemlje i drugi prosopografski prilozi (in Serbian). Srpska književna zadruga.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Mihaljčić, Rade (2001) [1984]. Лазар Хребељановић: историја, култ, предање (in Serbian). Belgrade: Srpska školska knjiga; Knowledge. ISBN 86-83565-01-7.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Mihaljčić, Rade (1976). "Ставилац" [Stavilac]. Istorijski časopis. ХХIII: 5–21.
  • Purković, Miodrag (1985). Srpska kultura srednjega veka (in Serbian). Izd. Srpske pravoslavne eparhije za zapadnu Evropu.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Šarkić, Srđan (1996). Srednjovekovno srpsko pravo (in Serbian). Matica srpska.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  • Srejović, Dragoslav; Gavrilović, Slavko; Ćirković, Sima M. (1982). Istorija srpskog naroda: knj. Od najstarijih vremena do Maričke bitke (1371) (in Serbian). Srpska književna zadruga.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)