Stephen S. Cushing (March 20, 1884 – September 23, 1957) was a Vermont attorney, businessman, judge, and politician. He was a veteran of World War I, and his most notable government service was as an associate justice of the Vermont Supreme Court from 1952 to 1953.
Stephen Salisbury Cushing was born in Nashua, New Hampshire on March 20, 1884, the son of George R. and Catherine (Moran) Cushing. He graduated from Laconia High School in 1902. Cushing then attended Dartmouth College, from which he graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in 1906. After college, he moved to Vermont to teach school and study law, first with Alfred A. Hall, and then with Lee Stephen Tillotson. He was admitted to the bar in 1909, and practiced in Newport, Vermont until 1910, when he relocated to St. Albans. He received a Master of Arts degree from Middlebury College in 1916.
A Republican, Cushing served as City Attorney of St. Albans from 1912 to 1915, and State's Attorney of Franklin County from 1914 to 1916. He also served terms as a member of the St. Albans school board and the board's chairman, as well as a justice of the peace and a member of the city council. From 1912 to 1921, Cushing served as a clerk for the legislative revision staff of the Vermont General Assembly.
Cushing was a longtime member of the Vermont National Guard. He enlisted in Company B, 1st Vermont Infantry Regiment in 1906, and he advanced to corporal before receiving his commission as a second lieutenant. After settling in St. Albans, he transferred his military membership to Company L. In the years prior to World War I, he advanced through the ranks to major, and served in positions including aide-de-camp to the adjutant general and judge advocate of the Vermont National Guard. Cushing served on active duty for the War Department as the U.S. Property and Disbursing Officer for Vermont and military aide to the governor, assisting to demobilize the National Guard following its Mexican border service during the Pancho Villa Expedition. During World War I, he joined the office of the Army's Provost Marshal General, and his responsibilities included implementation of the Selective Service Act of 1917. After the war he was one of the organizers of the American Legion in Vermont, and was a member of the Military Order of Foreign Wars and the Forty and Eight.
Cushing served on the staff of the Vermont General Assembly as legislative draftsman from 1921 to 1931. He was also active in several businesses, including managing the L. J. Morton store in St. Albans, and a vice president of the Franklin County Savings Bank and Trust Company and the St. Albans Cooperative Savings and Loan Association. In 1926, he received his qualification as a certified public accountant. From 1931 to 1932 he served on the Vermont Public Service Commission, and from 1932 to 1938 he was the commission's chairman. He received the honorary degree of LL.D. from Norwich University in 1934.
In January 1952, Cushing was appointed as an associate justice of the Vermont Supreme Court, filling the vacancy caused by the death of Samuel H. Blackmer. He remained on the court until June 1953, when he resigned because of ill health, and was succeeded by Paul A. Chase.